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Full text of "The College Forum: Lebanon Valley College Publication (Fall 1888)"

LLECE 




LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE. 



VOL. I. 



ANNVILLE, PA. SEPTEMBER, 1888, 



NO. 9 



EDITORS: 



FACULTY, 
ReV. E. S. LOrehz. A. M., President. 
H Clay Dkaner, A. M., Professor of Latin . 
Gbo. W. Cowman, A. M., rrofessor i f Science 
J. £. Leh man, A.M, Professor of Mathematics 
Kkv. W.S. BUKReoLE. A.M., Professor of Greek 
Miss Alice M. Eveks, B. S. 

1'ioteisor of Instrumental Music, 
Miss Ella Smith, M. A. 

J rofessor of Vccal Culture. 
Mis; Eita I?. IIctt. I'h. B. 

rrofessor of English Language. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor of Art 



ASSOCIATE EDITORS. 

Clioninn Society- Miss Anna R Reeo. 
l'Mlokofmian Society— Rev S. D. Faust. 
Kalozetenn Society— J. T. Spangleh. 



PUBLISHING AGENT, 
Rbv. M. O. Lane, Financial Agent 



H communications orilemsoi news should 
enttotlie President, Subscriptions should 
b sent to tlie Publishing Agent. 
The COLLEGE FORUM will be sent montl-- 
ly for one year on rceeip of twenty- live ;tii; 
Subscriptions received at any time. 

For terms of advertising, address the I'ub- 
1 thing Agon. 



this issue falls. Read and re-read 
that part of the account which reports 
Dr. Etter's address. 

We are pleased to find so many of 
our friends interested in and saying 
such kind words about the Forum. 
Kind words never die. They are good, 
yet put into practice are better. Deeds 
are richer fruitage. Those quarters 
you intended sending, would make 
your subscriptions good. For months 
many of our readers were receiving 
the Forum with the hope that it 
would aid the cause of education and 
and the College. Friends please send 
in your subscription. 



( has come to decide whether or not he 
Shall prepare to enter college. Young 
man, young woman, have you taken 
the tide ? Fathers and mothers, be 
watchful lest the tide of your chil- 
dren's opportunities go out omitted. 
Men and women have gotten on in 
the world without education; but 
truer will it be than it ever has been 
that he will get on best who has used 
his opportunities best. Let a young 
man prepare for what the times of 
his ripest manhood will demand. 



Entered at the Tost Office at Annville, Pa., as 
second class mail matter. 



EDITORIAL: 



The lateness of this issue of the 
is due partly to the illness of 
ue President, who is accustomed, but 
this time been unable to manage 
^departments and prepare the ed- 
rtorial work; and partly to the date 
of the Mont Alto Re-union, the report 
of which we wished to be as fresh as 
able. 



Aa « Mont Alto Re-union was a thor- 
u gh success, even in the rain. It is 
Rested that it continue to be held 
benefit of Lebanon Valley Col- 

56. 



The illness of the President result- 
ed from overwork, producing nervous 
prostration. In addition he has an 
attack of malaria, which has develop- 
ed itself on the nerves, and produced 
sympathetic heart trouble. Last week 
he took a slight cold, and felt rather 
worse. There has been a change for 
the better. The trouble of the heart 
is under control. Everything is fav- 
orable for a speedy recoveiy. Of 
course time, (it may be weeks,) will be 
necessary to regain his health suffi- 
ciently to assume his duties in the 
College. 



Shakespeare in his Julius Csesar 
puts into the mouth of Brutus these 
words : 

There is a tide in the affairs of men, 
Which, taken at its flood, leads on to 
fortune; 

Omitted, all the voyage of their life 
Is bound in shallows and in miseries. 

We may truly interpret this flood 

tide to be the countless opportunities 

on another page, which we hope j for education that offer themselves to i 

all. The tide is in for whom the time 



How many would improve their 
past opportunities if they could, but 
they are gone with their riches and 
blessing. The sad words of one who 
now sees the mistake of her life is 
but the expression of scores. "My 
one regret is and always will be that 
I could not finish a course at L. V. C 
i Had mother only taken her own way 
j and not the advice of other persons who 
thought more of their dollars than a 
good education!" The mill never 
grinds with the water that is past. 
\ Parents' opportunities are "great. It 
is well that you look after the dollars, 
but don't become dollar blind. By 
: not giving your children an education 
wherein head and heart are cultured, 
you not only commit a wrong against 
them because of its blessedness, and 
lessen their chances for success, but 
you fail to discharge your highest du- 
ty towards them, as God's gifts, and 
their possibilities, and mental and 
moral capacities, are a proof that God 
will require there development at 
your hands. 



We publish a report of the re- 



o » r~ 

J one will read, into whose hands 



It is said Sibyl made the offer of 
her treasures once, twice and thrice, 
however each time diminishing the 



66 



THE COLLEGE 



JM. 



amount. At first nine books were 
offered and refused, then six books 
and still refused. Three books were 
offered with a threat that if the last 
offer would be rejected, there would 
come no more. Wisdom and knowl- 
edge with all her treasures are freely 
offered to all with the promise "that 
those that seek me early shall find 
me," and "I will fill their treasure." 

To the many who are seriously con- 
sidering about entering College and 
for one reason or another, do not, we 
would admonish you to beware. Si- 
byl like its privileges of education will 
not always last. Decline her offer for 
the next few years, and she comes' 
with a diminished stock. A few years 
more and three-fourths are gone. As 
a last offering "take this, or receive 
nothing." "Be wise," for "Blessed is 
the man that heareth me" (wisdom.) 
"He findeth life and shall obtain favor 
of the Lord," and shall fulfill God's 
will in his creation. 



at home and in heathendom for the 
cause of Christ. This is a serious 
matter. 



The Opening, 



There are many things that weigh 
heavily upon the minds of those who 
have to do with the education of the 
youth of our church; but that which 
is a source of the greatest grief to a 
philanthropic teacher is that there 
are so many talented young people in 
the church, eager for education, who 
have not the means to develope their 
powers for the world's and church's 
good; the feature of this whole- matter 
however, which is most lamentable is 
that the colleges have no financial aid 
to offer to such worthy young people. 
Our colleges should have scholarships 
for such purposes. Who will be the 
first to furnish Lebanon Valley with 
the principal of such scholarship 1 ? 
Who will give his note for §2,000, 
$1,500, or even $1,000 and pay the 
interest annually while he lives, the 
principal to come out of his estate at 
death; or give the cash into the hands 
of the College treasurer to be securely 
funded, the interest only, at the dis- 
cretion of the faculty, to be used for 
the help of such as could not other- 
wise obtain an education ? No man 
nor woman shall more truly continue 
to live and do after death than he 
who gives cash, note, or bequest, the 
income from which shall continue 
through centuries, to educate young 
men and women to places of power 



Our friends Will desire to know 
something about the opening of the 
Fall Term. At 3 o'clock, p. ni, on 
Monday, August 27th, the old bell 
gave out its first official sound in the 
new collegiate year. Its calls were 
not in vain for it assembled as goodly 
a number as we have ever seen gather 
at the opening hour. The old chapel 
seemed glad to greet the tones of the 
Scripture reading, the soiig, and the 
prayer. When the sounds of public 
devotion had ceased a few words of 
welcome were addressed to the stu ; 
dents, new and old, by Prof. Deaner. 
Expressions of sympathy were appar- 
ent in the eyes of all when informed 
that the President's absence was due 
to sickness which had taken severe 
hold upon him on the preceding Sat- 
urday. The presence of the now 
members of the faculty, Miss Etta 
Hott and Miss Ella Smith, upon the 
rostrum must not pass unnoticed, nor 
the absence of Miss Evers, who arriv- 
ed an hour later, and of Miss Sheldon 
who has been detained even until now 
by the serious illness of her sister; 
her work in the Art Department how s 
ever, is well cared for by Miss Emma 
Landis, of HummelstoAvm The other 
members of the faculty were all pres- 
ent. 

The regulal announcements were 
made including the announcing of the 
Examining Committee, which would 
be in session immediately for the 
testing of candidates for college 
standing and for consultation with 
any who might be in doubt with ref- 
erence to their work. The process of 
matriculation was explained and the 
location of the Secretary, and Finan- 
cial Agent's office designated. 

On the third day everything was 
running on full time, according to the 
lengthened 45 minute periods, and 
from that time all have been pushing 
their work with zeal. We are indeed 
well pleased with the new material 
that has come to us this term. It is 
above the average, and is here, for the 
most part, to be graduated. We must 
mention that the Ladies' Hall is much 
more completely occupied than it was 
last year, though not a majority of 
former occupants have returned. 
There are now more than a hundred 
enrolled not including some who take 
music or art only, and they are, for 
the most part, young men and young 
women who are here with a definite 
purpose. 

Beside the beginning of the regu- 
lar courses, the entrance upon an ex- 
tra course has come to be a feature of 



the Fall opening, — the organization 
of the Bible Normal Union. On the 
first Sunday afternoon Profs. Deaner 
and Ebersole succeeded in organizing 
a class of fifteen. This class includes 
the only four" seniors who have ^not 
already completed the course. The 
conviction is deepening among the 
students that they cannot afford to 
leave college without having taken 
this course of Bible study. 

Upon the whole our opening days anil 
weeks are full of courage. Last year 
was big with success, though it open- 
ed under heavy clouds; the opening of 
the present year is auspicious 
greater thingrsa 



Mont Aito Me-uniolL 

A Red Letter Day for Lebanon Tat 
ley College. 



Friday, Sept 7th, was th£ day 
apart for a re-union of the United 
Brethren in Christ, within acccssi 
distance, at Mont Alto, a beautiful 
park on the northern extension ol 
the South Mountain, in Franklin Co, 
about 10 miles southeast of Cham 
bersburg. The preceediug days had 
been threatening, but the early moflt 
ing of this particular day promise! 
fair weather a day's pleasant rec» 
ation unencumbered with rubber 
goods, umbrellas, and overcoats. The 
0:13 a. m. train from Annville carried 
about GO re-unionists including citi- 
zens, students, and faculty entire es 
cepting the President, who, thoug| 
steadily recovering from his receffl 
illness, was still kept in doors. Hail 
risburg contributed a goodly numbej 
to people the Cumberland Valla 
train of 10 coaches, which was aftefl 
wards increased by the addition i 
theDillsburg coach, and all filled J 
we sped (?) down the valley. Ttoj 
was not the only train carrying Mofl 
Alto passengers, though it bore tw 
largest part of the usually— prints 
program. Trains from the soul 
east, and west were heavy with traffij 
Most of these people started befoj 
the rain, and were so scattered a| 
huddled by it shortly after their j 
rival that it was impossible for ij 
reporter to count them. The<#| 
mate of Pev. Arthur Schlichter 3 
that 2,000 people had arrived. W 
ner was to be sandwiched by two 
dresses before, and a College 4 _ 
gram after, followed by an old-fi* 
ioned experience meeting; but * 
Fast (?) Line, due at 10, did \ 
reach the park until nearly 
and necessarily made dinner the fij 
number on the program. During™ 
dinner hour a gentle rain begft 5 , 
fall, which continued, sometimes 
creasing, sometimes decreasing! 
the remainder of the day. At 1 d& 



the 

its 
whe: 

110U1 

Oho] 

was 

Han 

noui 

noor 

and 

Rev. 

D] 
in so 
ture- 
broo: 
forh 
her, 
othei 
comr 
the c 
grow 
time 
bishc 
and i 
thou< 
to-da; 
stage 
every 
to ha 
This 
cate t 
educ£ 
proce 
Bu 
enthn 
here 1 
Unite 
chikh 
If I h 
highe 
school 
profes 
called 
scienc 
of ou 
spiriti 
cared 
4 hem 
Enc" 
after t 
rostru 
speak 
vine o 
trees ^ 
beauty 
fame 
fers in 
should 
our ere 
keban< 
Pay. 
he bee. 
stead c 
hungry 
V hi 
serious 
Nation 



a thing 

°Jghtl 
of 



Sl00, ( 

fS) ar 
fic Way 



67 



the pavilion was filled to overflowing 
its sides beyond the dripping eaves, 
w ben Presiding Elder Baltzell an- 
nounced music by the Baltimore 
Choral Union. After theinusic,prayer 
ffa s offered by Bev. C. T. Stearn, of 
Harrisburg, and the chairman an- 
nounced that the forenoon and after- 
noon programs would be combined 
a nd announced as the first speaker 
Rev. Dr. Etter, of Lebanon. 
• Dr. Etter's address was complete 
in soul and body. He spoke of Na- 
ture — the trees, the mountains, the 
brooks — throbbing with inspiration 
for him who will hold converse with 
her, a communion of one life with an- 
other. He then came to speak of the 
communion of teacher and student, 
the cause of education, its stages of 
growth in our church. There was a 
time when men, even ministers, and a 
bishop took pains to speak in public 
and at home against education; but, 
though this period is not long past, 
to-day we are evidently in another 
stage of the cause, a stage in which 
every conference would make an effort 
to have its own college or seminary. 
This may be extreme, and some advo- 
cate the selling out of one half our 
educational institutions and using the 
proceeds to endow the rest. 

But, whatever be our educational 
enthusiasm, the Dr. said he wished 
here to speak of the importance of 
United Brethren people sending their 
children to United Brethren schools. 
If I have children to educate it is my 
highest concern that I send then to a 
school where the orthodoxy of the 
professors dare not for a moment be 
called into question; where,along with 
science, is taught the blessed religion 
of our Lord; where the moral and 
spiritual growth of my children is 
cared for as well as the intellectual. 
A bad education is ivorse than none. 

Endowment was the word thrown 
after the Dr. as he stepped to the 
rostrum and he takes a little time to 
s peak of that. Endowment is of Di- 
Jine origin. God has endowed the 
hees with life, women with grace and 
beauty, men and women with wonder- 
ful mental powers, sons and daugh- 
ters in Israel with Divine grace. Why 
should we not endow the creature of 
°ur creating"? Here is a plan to endow 
Lebanon Valley College: pray then 
j%- When a man prays for a tiling 
he becomes serious about it, and in- 
road of continuing to pray that his 
Ju«io T y neighs. mav fo e fed, he feeds 
having been put to shame in the 
^ous moments of prayer by the rev- 
mon that he is praying God to do 
thing which he himself can do and 
^.Sht to do. Let us then have a day 
over 



of 



tin * 

, u 0,000 endowment, and then a pay 
^)'> and to aid the matter in a speci- 
^ Va y> let the professors single out 



a wealthy individual and unitedly, and 
earnestly wish, hope, and pray that 
he may make a liberal donation; let 
the presiding elders do likewise, and 
then at the same time the ministry, 
and also the Alumni; then bring to- 
gether these four quadrants and the 
circle will be completed. This en- 
dowment is sure to come. 

Following this address was a solo, 
"Nearer My God to Thee," by Miss 
Ella Smith, our newly elected Profes- 
sor of Voice; a recitation, "The Legnd 
of Bregenz," by Miss Anna Beed, 
class '87; a German recitation by J. 
T. Spangler, a classical Junior; a solo 
by Theodore Thomas of the Balti- 
more Choral Union; ah oration, "We 
the Heirs of Former Ages," by Miss 
Lula Funk, of the College; a quartet 
from the faculty, Misses Smith and 
Hott, Profs. Deaner and Lehman; a 
full chorus by the Baltimore Choral 
Union; a chorus by the College choir; 
a solo by Miss Ida Crawford, of Choral 
Union; an anthem by College choir. 

Presiding Elder Schlichter, of the 
Pennsylvania Conference, who was 
chairman of the latter half of the ser- 
vice, announced that immediately fol- 
lowing there would be an old fashion- 
ed experience meeting. Very few 
withdrew though many had very Un- 
comfortable positions. It was remark- 
able how soon and easily, under Bro. 
Schlichter's leadership, the preceed- 
ing service was turned into one of 
lively, spiritual testimony. It was a 
real visitation of blessing. 

It remains to be said that the re- 
union was an entire success in spite 
of the dripping weather. Special 
mention needs to be made of the 
music. The Baltimore Choral Union 
was a welcome participant in the pro- 
gram; their renditions met with a de- 
servedly hearty reception, both the 
solos and choruses. The College 
soloist needs no praise in those col- 
umns. The quartet was excellent 
and the College choir held its own. 

The exercises over, all were anxious 
to leave on the first train, which was 
very soon crowded to its fullest ca- 
pacity, as many as 150 being reported 
in one car. The train left at 4:25, 
and out of good nature, we suppose, 
though it was a misplaced kindness, 
we were given a free ride to Cham- 
bersburg before starting directly for 
Harrisburg, where we made comforta- 
bly close connection with the train 
that landed us in Annville at 9:13, 
damp and weary. 

Some who attended the reunion yes- 
terday for the first time, and who have 
traveled a bit, and seen many people 
and companies of people, expressed 
themselves as very highly pleased 
with the appearance, attainments, and 
spirit of the people — as fine a com- 
pany as one cares to meet. The re- 
union is due to the earnest labors of 



Presiding Elder Schlichter to whom 
be a unanimous vote of thanks. 

The financial profits of the day, 
which will accrue from a rebate on 
the tickets sold, will be turned into 
the College treasury. Full reports 
will be published later Omega. 



Personal. 



Rev. Job Light of Beading brought 
his son John to College on the open- 
ing day. 

Daniel D. Keedy, class of 78, has 
been elected Principal of the schools 
of Keedysville, Md. 

Bev. M. O. Lane, financial agent, is 
now living on Main street, nearly op- 
posite the Ladies' Hall. 

Bev. I. W. Sneath of Cambridge- 
port, Mass., while on a short visit to 
his parents, paid us a pleasant visit. 

Prof. Bowman improved the vaca- 
tion by building a comfortable ad- 
dition to his house on College Avenue. 

Bev. John 0. Thrush, class of '84 
who recently completed Yale Divinity 
course, has accepted a call to Post- 
vill, Iowa. 

Revs. G. A. Doyle and J. H. Von- 
Nieda have resigned their charges, 
and have entered the College to take 
full courses. 

Prof. Deaner, during the vacation, 
moved to the home of his father-in- 
law, Mr. Geo. Bigier, on West Main 
street. 

Prof. W. B. Bodenhorn, Supt. of 
Schools of Lebanon county, has suf- 
ficiently recovered from an attack of 
fever, to attend to his work. 

Mr. Jonas Stehman and Rev. My- 
ers of Mountville, were in Annville on 
opening day, and left, the one, a 
daughter, the other a son in college. 

Rev. Daniel Lorenz, of New York 
city, a brother of the President, 
spent a week with the President. He 
returned home on Saturday the 8th 
inst. 

Rev. Elias H. Sneath, class of '81 
Professor in Wesleyan University, 
spent his summer vacation in Ger- 
many, studying German and methods 
of teaching. 

Rev. J. A. Crayton, of Mesterville r 
Ohio, attended the Mont Alto re-union 
He will be in Annville in a few days. 
Rev. Crayton has come to the East 
for a purpose. Let everybody give 
him a hearty welcome. 

Rev. John H. Gray bill, class of '72, 
of Dayton, Ohio, visited his parents. 
While here, he preached in the U. B.. 



f 



68 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



church. He highly endorsed the ag- 
gressive work of the College, and ad- 
ded his name to the subscription list 
of the Forum. 

Mrs. Stevens, late of Buchannon 
Seminary, W. Va., a sister of the 
President, spent several weeks at the 
President's. She left with her brother. 
After spending a few days in New 
York, she will enter Wellesley to pur- 
sue post-graduate studies. 

Miss Ella Smith, M. A.., our newly 
elected Professor of Voice Culture is 
creating an epoch in the history of 
her department. Vocal culture is be- 
coming pouplar among the young 
men as well as among the young 
ladies. 

Miss Alice K. Gingrich, who last 
commencement resigned a professor- 
ship of music in L. V. C. to accept a 
similar one in San Joaquin Valley Col- 
lege, Woodbridge CaL, has arrived 
there safely and reports her surround- 
ings very pleasant. 

Miss Etta R. Hotfc, Ph. B., our 
new Prof, of English Language, and 
Preceptress, was at her post early to 
give cheery welcome to the lady stu- 
dents, and to enter vigorously upon 
her class room duties. She has rap- 
idly won ihe confidence and respect of 
students, faculty and citizens. 



"Women who go to College." 



Under the above title Arthur Gil- 
man writes in the September Century. 
"I have been told, even in cultivated, 
intellectual circles, that a young 
woman had better be in the kitchen 
or laundry than in the laboratory or 
class-room of a college. 'Women 
should be trained,' such persons say, 
'to be wives and mothers.' The finger 
of scorn has been lightly pointed at 
the mentally cultivated mothers and 
daughters who are unable to cook and 
scrub, who cannot make a mince-pie 
or a plum pudding. Such persons 
forget with surprising facility all the 
cases of women who neglect the kitch- 
en to indulge in the love-sick senti- 
mentality to which they have been 
trained; who think of possible matri- 
monial chances to endanger them by 
scrubbing, or by giving ground for 
the suspicion that they cultivate any 
other faculty than the power to apos- 
trophize the moonlight and to long 
for a lover. They do not care to re- 
member that it is no whit better to 
wither under the influence of ignor- 
ance or sentiment, to cultivate a fond- 
ness for 'gush,' than to dry up the 
sensibilities like a book- worm, or grow 
rigid and priggish as a pedant. It is 
as bad to stunt human nature as to 
over-stimulate it — to stop its progress 
in one way as in another. The dan- 



ger is in going to extremes. The 
mass of men choose the golden mean, 
and we may trust woman to avoid ex- 
travagence in the pursuit of learning. 
We may and ought to give her every 
help in the direction of life that her 
brothers possess. It is no longer 
doubtful, it is plain, that whatever 
other rights woman should have, 
those of the intellectual kingdom 
ought to be hers fully and freely. 
She should be the judge herself of 
how far she should go in exploring 
the mysteries of nature and of 
science. 

"It is not a question of putting all 
our girls through college; it is not even 
a question of their being taught in the 
same institutions and classes with 
men when they go to college. The 
form in which women shall be taught 
and the subjects that they shall study 
are of minor importance at the mo- 
ment, and time will settle them in a 
natural way. The great desideratum 
is that they are given the collegiate 
education when they need it, and that 
they be judges of their own needs." 



Make Haste Slowly. 



Most teachers engaged in music 
schools or in seminaries have met 
pupils who, having limited means at 
their command, aim to crowd two 
years work into one. This is an un- 
safe plan, against which we wish to 
guard every student that hopes to 
make the best progress. Parents and 
pupils should bear in mind the fact 
that there is no safe short road in 
musical instruction; there is no other 
way of acquiring skill and knowledge 
except through study. Some teachers 
imagine that by giving more difficult 
music they have advanced their pupils, 
but this is a deception, an error. It 
is the teacher's duty to watch the 
growth and progress of his or 
her pupils and aid it in every possible 
way, but it is a great mistake to at- 
tempt to hasten it. The growth of 
the body is slow, so it is with the 
mind. To hurry over a book of piano 
studies does not mean progress, but 
to be able to play everything in 
it well, to understand all musical 
signs, — that is progress. 

Pupils should not attempt to hurry 
the teacher and should not show signs 
of impatience, for all solid growth is, 
as a rule, slow. The greatest of the 
world's masters have studied patiently 
and carefully for many y^ars. The 
best schools have laid out a course of 
study, let parents and pupils follow it 
and be patient and reasonable, thus 
avoiding the mistake of wasting both 
time and money by trying to rush 
matters. It requires years of appli- 
cation to learn a trade, how foolish it 
is to try to master an art in less time 



These words of advice we give for the 
general good of all musical students. 
Bear in mind it is a wise maxim to 
"make haste slowly." 



The Medical Student and tl 
College. 



lie 



The Passion of die Age to be Practical 
Leads to Error. 



1UU 

roc 



For more than a century the Am 
ican colleges have every month of J 
sent forth their graduates whosa sue 
ceeding histories have been a matter 
of interest to all progressive people. 
Who does not take pleasure in per- 
using the triennial or quadrennial 
catalogues of college Alumni, noting 
what this one and that one made of 
himself? As often as such perusal is 
made it is a matter not so much of 
surprise as regret to every thoughtful 
person that comparatively few physi- 
cians are found among the college 
Alumni. He does not regret that all 
collegemen did not enter the medical 
profession, nor that too many have 
devoted themselves to theology, 
teaching and law, neither does he la- 
ment because of a scarcity of prac 
ticing physicians, but rather that from 
the evidence before him he must read 
that men looking toward the medical 
profession have considered it unnec- 
essary to take a college course. This 
idea is not altogether a thing of the 
past, but survives in the minds of a 
great many young men of the present 
day. The tendenay of such a theorj 
is as clear as light: — it tends to lower 
the ability of the profession and sink 
it among its rising neighbors. The 
profession would do w r ell to correct 
the error and address a bit of advice 
to the young medical aspirants simi- 
lar to that found in the Cornell Uni 
versity Register, viz: 

"The faculty believe that the crow- 
ed and difficult curricula of the medi- 
cal schools should be preceeded, when 
possible, both by a broad general ed- 
ucation, and by a special and practical 
training in certain branches. The? 
therefore strongly advice those vd 10 
intend to become physicians to pursue 
some one of the full courses, and ther 
to become resident graduates, review 
ing physiology and chemistry, attend 
ing the lectures in veterinary science 
and taking laboratory work in 
istry and anatomy." 

The common error referred to 
from the passion of the times to ^ 
practical. The age is in too &reat' 
hurry to be truthful and thorough; 1 
cries for immediate practical result 
and is impatient with the slow 
cesses of investigation, discovery, ^ 
vention, preparation; so comes the^ 
for "practical education," the ordio^ 
interpretation of which is, that iJ9 
i example, one is to become a physici 8 " 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



G9 



he should from childhood bo bathed 
in medicine, rather in medical studies. 
X blacksmitU needs most of all a 
6 troug right arm; let us therefore give 
no attention to the rest of the body, 
keep it quiet and do not waste its en- 
ergies by exercise, but keep this right 
arm pounding daily from youth. Is 
this the way to make a powerful 
blacksmith? It is, as truly as is the 
proposed practical way to make an 
eminent physician. The most com- 
monly accepted way to muke a power- 
ful blacksmith, physically, no doubt 
would be to set the child romping and 
running, the boy sawing and chopping 
and pounding, the youth hammering 
at the forge, and the man practicing 
his art. An analogous process ought 
to he as generally accepted in prepar- 
ing 'mentally' an eminent physician. 
Set the child to thinking by intelligent 
reading and conversation with it; de- 
velope all the mental faculties of the 
boy by the studies of the school, 
academy, and college; let the young- 
man serve an apprenticeship at the 
medical college, and the lull man 
practice his profession. In the two 
cases paralleled, the first two stages 
of development prepare, in the first 
case, for no one kind of physical em- 
ployment rather than another, in the 
second, for no one mental pursuit 
rather than another. 

Is, then, the college course just as 
practically helpful to the prospective 
medical student as to the theological 
or law student? It is. A college 
course does not help to prepare a man 
for one profession rather than another. 
The college does not aim to prepare 
for any profession; it is not a profes- 
sional school; it is an institution for 
mind growing, which it carries on by 
a system of studies declared by best 
judgment and the testimony of the 
centuries to develop the mind most 
symmetrically. 

No one needs a more evenly devel- 
oped mind than the physician. Ought 
&ot the man into whose hands I en- 
trust my life be as intelligent, as thor- 
oughly developed mentally, as he into 
whose hands I put my suit at law 
a gainst the common thief? I have a 
ttgkt to demand of the man who pro- 
fessionally diagnoses my case and 
Steals out to me dangerous drugs that 
ke be a man of good memory, excel- 
lently trained judgment, strong rea- 
cting abilities, deep insight and keen 
P?yer to analyze. The worthy phy- 
sician must be all of this and more, 
* e must understand the laws of the 
Rental being- as well as the laws of 
^ e physical being, in other words he 

Ui *t be a student of physchology as 
. ell as of physiology. None can sat- 
ta"^ ^ lese demands but he who ob- 
the widest mental development 
JJ which to build his knowledge and 
Pfactice. 



Away with the idea that a little 
latin and physiology is all that a boy 
needs to begin his medical studies, 
while in reality your school latin and 
physiology will be of comparatively 
little value. It is the development of 
a full college course that you need. 
Heaven save you from anything short 
of it. E. 



LITERARY SOCITIES. 



Kalozetean Literary Society. 



All report a pleasant vacation. 

On Friday evening, August 3ist, 
the work of this college year, in the 
Kalozetean Literary Society, began. 
If we are to judge of its success by 
the past year, we can indeed look 
forward to a very profitable year. 

We were pleased to see with us 
Rev. J. H. VonNeida, one of the 
founders of the society. Mr. Von- 
Neida has for several years been en- 
gaged in the ministry within the 
bounds of the East German confer- 
ence. We give him a hearty welcome 
back to school and society. 

Mr. W. R. Dehass who was with us 
for a short time during the fall term 
of '85 is also with us again. We 
hope that he may not be as unfortu- 
nate as he was before. 

Mr. G. A. Sparks reports having sold 
one hundred copies of Talmage's So- 
cial Dynamite. He has our congrat- 
ulations upon his success. 

At its meeting in June, the Board 
of Tustees granted to the society room 
No. 31, in Washington Hall. We will 
as soon as convenient, have the room 
properly arranged and remove the 
library into it. The rapid growth of 
the library compelled us to seek more 
commodious quarters. 



Clioniau Literary Society. 

The ladies of the C. L. S. all report 
having spent a very pleasant vacation 
and now enter upon their work with 
renewed interest. 

The society held its first meeting 
for this term on Friday evening Au- 
gust 31st, when the following officers 
were inaugurated: President, Miss 
Alary Shenk; Vice President, Miss 
Hattie Lane; Recording Secretary, 
Miss Auna Forney; Corresponding 
Secretary, Miss Katie Reed; Critic, 
Miss Lolila Funk; Editor, Miss Ella 
Saylor. 

Though we are sorry that so many 
of our former members cannot be 
with us, we are glad to see so many 
new ones taking their places. The 
year promises to be one of success 
and benefit to all. 

Miss Linnie Erb spent a short time 
in Franklin co., during vacation, visit- 
ing her friend Miss Katie Reed. 



The first meeting was a very inter- 
esting one. There seemed to be a 
great deal of enthusiasm manifested 
among the girls and a desire to make 
the year a very profitable one in so- 
ciety. There were a number of names 
presented of young ladies who will 
doubtless be valuable members of 
society. 

Misses Forney, Saylor, Kreider, 
Funk and Brightbill were among the 
ladies who camped at Stoverdale. 

Miss Allie Kutz a former member 
of society spent a few days in Fayette- 
ville a short time ago. 

Quite a number of the ladies atten- 
ded the U. B. re-union at Mont Alto 
Park, Friday, Sept. 7th. Miss 
Anna Reed, a former member of so- 
ciety added much to the interest of 
the college programme given on that 
da}', by her excellent recitation enti- 
tled, "The Legend of Bregenz. 

We are glad to welcome Miss Min- 
nie Burtner who has been absent for 
quite a while and feel assured that 
she will again enter the active society 
work. 

Our society is worth what we mem- 
bers make it, not a penny more. Let 
us lift ourselves up to be grand wom- 
en and we will lift up our society. 



Fhilokosmiaii Literary Society. 

Quite a number of Philokosmians 
enjoyed the re union at Mont Alto, on 
the 7th inst. 

Mr. William Hain of class '88 was 
present a few days at the opening of 
the term to greet old friends and to 
meet new ones. 

Several additions to our member- 
ship are reported. Among those of 
our friends who have returned we are 
glad to note Rev. Geo. A. Doyle who 
has come to do good work. 

Mr. J. K. Wagner of class '88 has 
entered, as a student, of U. B. Semin- 
ary at Dayton, Ohio. We join his 
many friends in wishing him a pi eas- 



M&TKEMATICAL CORNER 



J 



The classes in the Mathematical de- 
partment for this term are all organ- 
ized and in good working condition. 
It is especially gratifying to see the 
enthusiasm with which every one is 
beginning the work of another year. 
A desire to do thorough work set ms 
to have taken hold of the students. 
We earnestly hope thoroughness may 
continue to bo the watchword. 

There are only a few things that we 
enjoy more than to meet daily class es 
of earnest hard-working students, 
tagcr to c irnb the hill of mathemat- 
ical science, anxious to master every 
principle, to conquer every difficulty, 



70 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



and by that conquest gain strength 
for greater victory farther on. 

We would like more of our students 
to become interested in the "Corner." 
Let us hear from you. 

The ladder problem, (No. 7, Apr.) 
was finally solved by an old student 
of ours from Ohio. A solution was 
published in last issue to which a 
number of objections were filed on 
the ground that no reasons were as- 
signed for the process. No one could 
know why do thus and so. The ob- 
jections were well taken, a solution is 
defective if it does not set forth the 
reasons for the several steps of the 
operations. A purely arithmetical so- 
lution is impossible, (true in the case 
of nearly every problem.) Only by 
the aid of a geometric figure and geo- 
metric principles can a clear solution 
be given. Such an one appears below. 

Probs. 10 and 11, have not been 
solved. We "report progress" on the 
referred question, and continue it with 
the remark that proportion should 
not be taught in the district schools. 
Why not? If it should, why? 



SOLUTION. 



No. 7 April. 




H G 



Let AB be the ladder set up against 
the wall. CD the ladder drawn out 
20 feet therefore CD=AB. CAD is 
a rt. triangle. AF is equal to the sq. 
on the hypotemuse. AE is the square 
in the perp. Now the diff. between 
the sq. in the hyp. and the sq. in the 
perp., equals the square in the base 
AD, but AD— 20 ft,, hence the diff. 
between the squares is 400 sq. ft., and 
is made up of the two rectangles HE 
and EB, and the sq. EF=1G sq. ft. 
Hence 400 sq. ft.— 1G sq. ft.=384 sq. 
ft. 384 ^2=192 area of one rectangle, 
and 192^4, the width=48 the 
length or the dist. AC the ladder or 
AB=48 plus 4=52. 

W. S. Sackett. 

PROBLEM. 

12. A grocer at one straight cut 
took off a segment of a cheese which 
had I of the circumference and 
weighed 3 lbs, what did the whole 
cheese weigh ? 



SCIENCE. 



Chemistry. 



The experimental work in this de- 
partment begins with the beginning 
of the term. Some attention will be 
given at the very beginning to the 
new method of making hydrogen, viz: 
by the use of equal parts of powdered 
slacked lime and iron filings. Also 
the formation of crystals will be inves- 
tigated. Reports on these and other 
matters connected with the study of 
chemistry will be prepared for this 
department of the Forum during the 
term. 

NATURAL GAS. 

The analysis of natural gas shows 
the proportion of each constituent in 
100 parts to be as follows: carbonic 
acid and carbonic oxide G each, oxygen 
8, olefiant gas 1, ethylic hydrate 5, 
marsh gas G7, hydrogen 22, nitro- 
gen 3. 



Astronomy. 



Mercury is now far south and so 
near the sun that it is not easily seen. 
Venus is evening star and is gradually 
increasing its distance from the sun. 
It sets about one hour after sunset. 
Mars is growing dim and sets about 
9.30 p. m. It passes conjunction with 
Jupiter on Sept. 11th, the latter being 
two and three degrees north. Jupiter 
sets about 10 p. m., on the 1st, and 
8.30 p. in., on the 30th of September. 
The following eclipses of its satellites 
take place during the month: 
li m 

I— R Sept. 1, 9 7, p. m. 
I— R " 8, 11 2, p. m. 
II— R « 10, 8 14, p. m. 
Ill— R « 12, 7 58, p. m. 
Ill— D " 19, 10 0, p. m. 
in— R « 19, 11 58, p. m. 
R — reappearance. D — disappearance. 

Saturn is morning star and rises 
about 2 a. m., at the end of the month. 

CONSTELLATIONS. 

The positions given are for from 9 
to 10 p. m., during the month. 

Cygnus is directly overhead. Dol- 
phin high up and Capricornus low- 
down on the southern meridian. The 
southern fish with its star of the first 
magnitude. Fomalhaut is a little 
east of the southern meridian. Aqua- 
rius, Pisces and Aries lie east of Cap- 
ricornus, the latter about ten degrees 
from the horizon. Taurus rises about 
11 p. m., and Pegassus with its great 
square about an hour previous. An- 
dromeda is north of Aries and Cassi- 
opeia is north east near the polar 
star. Perseus is low down in the 
north east and may be known by its 
curved line in the milky way. Draco 
lies west of the meridian and Ursa 
Major in the north west. Lyra 



is just west of of Zenith with Hercu- 
les. Northern Crown and Bootes just 
below it toward the west. Scorpio i s 
setting in the south west. 

STARS OF THE FIRST MAGNITUDE. 

Arcturus in Bootes. 

Vergo in Lyra. 

Antares in Scorpio. 

Altair in The Eagle. 

Fomalhaut in Southern Fish. 
The class in Elementary Astronomy 
expect during the month of Septem- 
ber to study the visible planets and 
constellations that lie near the west- 
ern horizon. 

Astronomy was cultivated in Egypt 
and Chaldea 2800 B. C, in Persia 
3209, in India 3101, and in China 
2952. 



KATAKEKOMMENA. 



The Fall term has opened very en- 
couragingly,over one hundred students 
are now enrolled, with others expect- 
ed. It is our aim to reach 125 for the 
term, which will be the largest in the 
history of the college. It will require 
hard work to reach the number, but 
we believe it can be done. Since the 
reunion has worked an interest in the 
College, Alumni, Presiding Elders, 
pastors and friends will find it very 
opportune to urge upon parents to 
send their sons and daughters to Leb- 
anon Valley College at once. 

The outlook for the musical depart- 
ment for the fall term is very encour- 
aging. If the classes continue to fill 
up as they have up to this time, an 
additional piano will be required in 
order to accommodate all the pupils. 
Let them come in, we want full classes. 

At the Assembly at W'illiarn's Grove, 
President Lorenz lectured upon the 
"Education of Great Men." He gave 
the following introductory remark to 
show what he knew of the education 
of great men. Said he, "had you all 
been at the college during commence- 
ment, and seen the display of high 
hats among the students you would 
not question for a moment what 1 
know about the education of great 
men." 

Rev. A. H. Shank, one of the editors 
of the True Believer, has presented 
to the College Library "Entire Devo- 
tion to God," by Mrs. Palmer, and the 
"Baptism of the Holy Ghost" by Pr. 
Mahan. 

Mr. William Ulrich, Prothonotary 
of Dauphin county, has sent us sev- 
eral hundred old books of a miscella- 
neous character. Among them are 
some rare and valuable books. Many 
have books, magazines and pamphlets 
that they could do no better with 
than give them to the College 
whereby much valuable literature 



would become accessible to the stu- 
dents that otherwise would be lost. 
^Vho will be the first to respond? 

Hiss Sheldon has hot as yet taken 
charge of the Art Department, her 
sister being very ill with typhoid 
fever. Miss Emma L. Landis, former 
tefieher of Art, has control of the work 
[ill MisS Sheldon can come. The de- 
partment is growing and excellent 
work is being done. 



The Ply-leaf to The Reader. 



Fbknd> stay your steps awhile before 

You pass within the open door ; 

Bethink you in what manner you 

Shall greet the host ; consider, too, 

How to a feast of all his best 

The author here invites his guest, 

To taste his meat and drink his wine, 

Oft every dish to freely dine. 

And mind you, when you come to sit 

Before the board whe:eon his wit 

AM Wisdom a'l are spread to make 

Ameal for your ulind's stomach's sake, 

To bear yourself with dignity 

And treat your host with courtesy. 

If any dish before you placed 

By any chance offend your taste. 

Or if ihe food seem wanting aught 

Of proper seasoning, say naught, 

Eat quietly, and when you go 

rVget not gratitude to show : 

And, beiiur gone, if you repent 

The precious time that you have spent, 

Or think that you have poorly fared 

Upon the food and drink prepared, 

Curse not this book,— your wine and meat 

So kindly offered you to eat. 

The author, too, spare from your curse, 

And do not go from bad to worse ; 

You were his guest, — this recollect, 

And treat him only with respect. 

Keep your opinions to yourself 

And put the book back on its shelf. 

Think this: what one may eat aud die, 

Another's taste may satisfy ; 

For there is nothing nobler than 

The man who loves his fellow-men ! 

Fha^k Dempster Shehman. 



READER'S CORNER. 



An unfamiliar face greets the read- 
er in the frontispiece of the Septem- 
ber Century, that of Edward Thring, 
the late Head-Master of the Upping- 
ham Grammar school, England. This 
*s a compliment paid to an educator 
Pure and simple. Mr. Thring has 
been said to have been, since Arnold 
of Rugqy, the most highly esteemed 
educator in England. George R. 
Parkin's illustrated article on Upping- 
ham describes "an ancient school 
forked on modern ideas." The pic- 
tures are by Joseph Pennell and Irv- 
% B. Wiles. This is, in fact, an ed- 
ucation number of tbe Century. Oth 
er articles on this subject are "The 
Jjjdustrial Idea in Education," by 
Carles M. Carter; "The University 
jad the Bible," by T. T. Munger; 
'Women who get to College," by Ar- 
thur Gilnian; and a profusely illus- 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



71 



trated paper on "College Fraternities," 
by John Addison Porter. In addition 
to these, readers will find an "Open 
Letter" by President Seelye of Am- 
herst on the same subject of "College 
Fraternities"; also an "Open Letter" 
on "Art Education," by W. J. Still- 
man, and two editorials having to do 
with teaching. 

Other articles in this number are a 
a continuation of the Life of Lincoln; 
George Kennan on "Exile by Admin- 
istrative Process"; A. C. Gordon on 
"Hard Times in the Confederacy"; 
Professor Holden's concluding articles 
on "Sideral Astronomy"; an illustrat- 
ed article bv Mrs. E. S. Starr on 
"Doves"; and ""Bird Music," by S. P. 
Cheney, father of the poet. 

Mr. Kennan, in the department of 
"Open Letters," answers the question, 
"Is the Siberian Exile System to be 
at once Abolished ?" The ex-Confed- 
erate General Colston writes freely 
and reconstructively of "Gettysburg 
Twenty-five Years After"; Minister 
Romero explains his relations with 
General Grant during the time of 
Grant's failure; and John Banvard 
and General Fremont tell about "The 
Canal at Island No. 10." 

The stories and sketches of the 
number are a continuation of Mr. Jan- 
vier's "A Mexican Campaign"; an il- 
lustrated story by J ames Lane Allen, 
tbe scene of which is laid in the mon- 
astery described by him in the Au- 
gust number of the Century; and 
Mrs. Roseboro's sketch entitled "The 
Mountaineers about Montsagle." 

The poetry of the number is by 
Bliss Carman, Eugene Ashton, Walt 
Whitman, John Vance Cheney, Wil- 
liam H. Hayne; and in "Bric-a-Brac" 
by Helen Gray Cone, W T . J. Hender- 
son, Fraud Dempster Sherman, and 
Annie D. Hanks. 



the pen of H. C. Bunner. 

The department of poetry is sus- 
tained by "A Jar of Roseleaves" by 
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, "The 
Lost Friend" by Nora Perry, and 
"Silver and Gold" by Edith M.Thomas. 

Then there is "A Letter to the 
Young Gentlemen Who proposes to 
Embrace the Career of Art" by Robert 
Lewis Stephenson, and another by 
Will H. Low. There is also an inter- 
esting paper on "Presidential Cam- 
paign Medals" by Gustave Kobbe, 
with illustrations from pieces in best 
cabinets in the land; and of not least 
interest "Memories of Some Contem- 
poraries" by Hugh McCulloch, touch- 
ing such personages as Thomas F. 
Marshall, Thomas Corwin, Henry 
Ward Beecher, Salmon B. Chase, 
General George H. Thomas, Generals 
Sheridan, Grant, Hancock and Mc- 
Clellen, Andrew Johnson and Chester 
A. Arthur. 

ant and successful year. Mr. W. 
leaves a good record at L. V. C. 

Work has begun with the enthusi- 
asm characteristic of the P. L. S. 
The hall rings again with eloquence 
as such questions are discussed as 
"Fast sailing vessels are safer than 
slow sailing ones," "The National 
Democratic platform is more nearly in 
accord with the wants of the Ameri- 
can people than that of the National 
Republican," &c. 



The frontispiece ■ — "Show Your 
Tickets"- — in the September Number 
of Scribner's Magazine, is in keeping 
with its deservedly popular "railway 
series," continued in this issue in 
"Rfilway Passenger Travel" by Gen- 
eral Horace Porter. The Scribners 
surely struck the note that catches 
the popular ear when they began the 
railway series. Foreign travels, sights, 
and peoples might be styled an inter- 
esting feature of this issue in "Scenes 
from Cyprus" by W. H. Mallock, illus- 
trated from photographs taken by the 
author; "Fuji, the Sacred Mountain" 
by Percival Lovell, with illustration 
from painting by J. H. Twachtman; 
and "The Modern Greeks" by Thomas 
D. Seymour, also illustrated. 

In this number "A London Life" 
by Henry James is concluded; "First 
Harvests" by F. J. Stimson, is contin- 
ued through five chapters; and "A 
Second Hand Story," appears from 



The September Forum opens with 
an analysis of the social troubles of 
America in an article from the pen of 
Bishop F. D. Huntingdon on "Causes 
of Social Discontent." The second 
paper is a commentary on the plat- 
form made by the late Chicago con- 
vention; it is captioned, "The Repub- 
lican Platform," by Senator J. C. S. 
Blackburn. The third of the econom- 
ic articles, by Edward Atkinson is 
"Progress from Poverty," in which he 
declares that the progress of the 
people of the UnitedStates, both 
in personal wealth and general 
welfare has been due to the develop- 
ment of the railroad system. The 
Marquis of Lome has contributed an 
article on "Distrust of Popular Gov- 
ernment, "and Rev. Dr. T. T. Munger, 
in "Religious Gain from Science" 
shows that science has deepened rev- 
erence, that it has delivered religion 
from superstition, and that it has 
been revealing the important truth 
that moral laws are natural laws. 

"Social and Political Mirages" is 
from the pen of James Part on, and 
Gen. Henry L. Abbot has written on 
"The use of High Explosives in War." 
"Rhetorical Pessimism," by Prof. C. 
C. Everett, aims to correct the exag- 
geration of language applied to the 
suffering that is in the world. "Uni- 
form Laws for Railways" is contribut- 



72 



ed by Frederic Taylor, and Prof. H. 
H. Boyesen in discussing- the ques- 
tion "What shall the Public Schools 
Teach?" makes the assertion that our 
public school system will sooner or 
later have to be radically remodeled. 
The closing article is on "The Increase 
of the Alcohol Habit," by Dr. E. C. 
Spitzka. 



VOICES FROM THE PAST. 



Immortality of the Soul. 

CICERO ON OLD AGE. 

Moreover, in the writings of Heno- 
phon, Cyrus the elder, while dying, 
spake as follows: "My dearest sons, 
never think that when I shall have 
departed from you I shall be nowhere 
or cease to be. For while I was with 
you you did not see my soul, but you 
thought it to be in this body from 
those things which I did. Therefore 
believe the same to be even if you will 
not see it. Neither indeed would the 
honor of illustrious men remain after 
death, if their souls did not influence 
us, by which we retain a longer re- 
membrance of them. Indeed I could 
never be persuaded that souls, while 
they were in mortal bodies, live, when 
the departed from them, died. Nor 
indeed the soul to be senseless when 
it has escaped from a senseless body; 
but when freed from all admixture of 
the body, it began to be pure and in- 
corrupted, then wise. And also when 
the nature of man is dissolved by 
death it is clear whether each of the 
other parts depart, for they all return 
whence they sprang; moreover the 
soul alone neither becomes visible 
when it is with us nor when it departs. 
For in truth you see nothing so simi- 
lar to death as sleep. Yet the souls 
of those sleeping especially exhibit 
their divine nature; for when released 
and free they foresee many things that 
will be. From which it is understood 
in what state they will be when they 
have entirely released themselves 
from the fetters of the body. There- 
fore, if these things are so," he said, 
"consider me as a god. But if the 
soul will perish with the body, yet 
you, revering the gods, who rule and 
control all tins beauty, will inviolately 
and sacredly preserve my memory." 

Rates of A advertising in the 
College For am. 



DC 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



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VOL. 1. 



ANNVILLE, PA., OCTOBER, 1888. 



NO. 10. 



EDITORS. 



FACULTY. 

Rgv. E. S. Lorenz, A. M., B. D., President. 
H. Clat Deaner, A. M., Professor of Latin. 
Gbo. W. Bowman, A. M., Professor of Science. 
J.E.Lehman, A.M., Professorof Mathematics. 
Bev.VV. S. Ebersole, A. M., Professor of Greek. 
Miss Alice M. Evers, B. S., 

Professor of Instrumental Music. 
Miss Ella Smith, M. A., 

Professor of Vocal Culture. 
Miss Etta ft. Hott, Ph. B., 

Professorof English Language. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor of Art. 



ASSOCIATE EDITORS. 
Clionian Society— Miss Loula S. Funk. 
Philokosinian Society— Rev. S. D. Faust. 
Kalozetean Society— J. T. Spanqler. 



PUBLISHING AGENT. 
M, O. Lane, Financial Agent. 



fourth are bona fide subscribers. 
Friends, make us doubly glad by 
sending your quarters. 



All communications or items of news should 
besenttothe President. Subscriptions should 
besent to the Publishing Agent. 

The COLLEGE FORUM will besentMonth- 
'yforone year on receipt of twenty-five cents. 
Subscriptions received at any time. 

lor terms of advertising, address the Pub- 
lishing Agent. 



Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 



EDITORIAL. 



It is deeply regretted that the no- 
tle e of the opening of Shenandoah 
lQ stitute did not appear in last 
montll 's issue. The failure was an 
oversight of the printers. We give 
J e report on another page. We wish 

e Institute a successful year. 



It will be most gratifying to the 
many friends of the President to 
learn that he is much better. His 
convalescing is slow, but from the 
very shattered condition of his 
nerves, rapid recovery could not be 
expected. He is gaining strength, 
day by day, and can be about in his 
room. Responsibilities of a College 
are heavy. The President has met 
them all. No duty was left undone. 
At the post of duty he succumbed, 
only after a hard struggle. His sac- 
rifices were indeed great, but greater 
have been the results. Friends, 
health sacrificed and energies ex- 
hausted have increased your respon- 
sibility and duty towards the Presi- 
dent, and the College which is dearer 
to him than life. 



It has been our purpose to make 
J ch issue of the Forum more at- 

ac tiv e . Labor and cost have not 
^ en spared. We believe our friends 
Relate the Forum. In fact, if 
8a .V they have so told us, none 

Recuse us of false modesty. 

however, we must be frank. The 



lne §s of the list of subscribers 
Ho^ n0t bes P eak that the Forum has 
he a i ^ eep P lace in tne minds and 
to* 8 0f ^ s many readers. Of the 
H u 01 " more copies sent out 
y> scarcely more than quo- 



Endowment ! Let a thousand voi- 
ces cry endowment. Let it be 
preached and prayed from every 
pulpit in the co-operating Confer- 
ences. Endowment ! It is true re- 
ligion, pure and simple. $100,000 — 
a monument of consecrated lives 
which, as time glides on, becomes 
grander, a sacrifice, the fruits of 
religion, the only true riches. A 
thank-offering for past mercies, pres- 
ent blessings and a beseeching for 
a continuation of Cod's goodness, 
favor and grace. It means enlarged 
facilities, greater power and effi- 
ciency for God, the Church and hu- 
manity, and life to Lebanon Yalley 
College. 



would give for the financial relief of 
the kingdom, that he might prose- 
cute the war to preserve the nation. 
"I have gold for iron, 1813," was 
inscribed upon the ornaments. They 
prized them more than the gold ones 
because they represented their sac- 
rifice for their country, which was 
more beautiful and better than gold. 
Our friends are now being asked to 
give of their treasure to place Leba- 
non Yalley College on a safe finan- 
cial basis. She comes not to ask 
charity, but to ask for her legitimate 
dowery as a child of the Church 
who is working for the Church. 
The present is the Church's opportu- 
nity. To be or not to be, is the great 
and vital question. To neglect the 
present is defeat — yea, death. 



Emperor Frederick William, in 
the great struggle against Napoleon, 
proposed to his people that he would 
give them iron ornaments in ex- 
change for all the gold ones they 



Two of our co-operating Confer- 
ences, the Allegheny and East Ger- 
man, held their annual sessions 
recently, the one at Greensburg, Pa., 
the other at Baltimore, Md. Both 
sessions were harmonious and expe- 
dite under the presidency of our 
genial and able Bishop, N. Castle. 
The interests of Lebanon Yalley 
College were considered in both con- 
ferences, and strong resolutions were 
passed in support of College Day, 
and the present effort to raise an 
endowment. At the Allegheny Con- 
ference, Rev. D. R. Miller, of Union 
Biblical Seminary, spoke of " orna- 
mental resolutions;" but we have 
ground for our faith that the resolu- 
tions of the late Conferences are fun- 
damental and significant. The ma- 
jority of our ministers understand 
that the present endowment move- 
ment is a matter of life or death to 
our educational interests in the East, 
that district of the Church which is 
far better able to support a first-class 
institution than an}' other territory. 
The work is progressing. 



74 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



Shenandoah Institute. 

Shenandoah Institute, located at 
Dayton, Ya., opened very favorably 
September 4th, with over fifty in at- 
tendance. Many more are expected. 
Rev. Geo. P. Hott, A. M., is Princi- 
pal, with four co-laborers, who are 
thoroughly devoted to their work. 
Judging from the past, great results 
may be expected. The Institute 
should receive a hearty support be- 
cause it is in every way worthy, and 
supplies a long felt want. Very many 
receive an education that otherwise 
they would not get. The most friendly 
relation exists between the Institute 
and the College. At the meeting of 
the Board last June, arrangements 
were made to receive students and 
graduates from the Institute on their 
grades without examination. 



The American College. 

[Contributed.] 

The American people are an ag- 
gressive people. This is no less true 
in the educational realm than in the 
mechanical or agricultural. That "we 
must educate or perish " is a maxim 
as old as the colonies themselves. 

A score of years had not elapsed 
since the landing of the Puritans on 
Plymouth rock, when saw and ham- 
mer were heard in the primeval for- 
ests of New England, preparatory to 
the establishment of facilities for 
the higher education. 

The Puritan fathers, liberally en- 
dowed with that tenacity' of purpose 
characteristic of the early settlers, 
and imbued with the idea of a lib- 
eral education as it existed in the 
" mother country," were quick to 
discern the advantage of the move- 
ment. 

Despite the scanty crops and their 
scantier libraries, their wide separa- 
tion from the seats of learning of the 
" Old World," and their lack of pro- 
fessional teachers, these pioneers 
nurtured this child until it grew 
and waxed great, and to-day Har- 
vard College shines as a star of the 
first magnitude in the canopy of the 
educational heavens, and stands as 
a monument to the skill, the perse- 
verance and the intelligence of the 
early settlers of New England. 

The spirit for liberal education was 
not to be confined to the Massachu- 
setts Colony, but the settlers down 
the Connecticut valley caught the 
inspiration, and Yale was founded. 

As "westward the course of empire 
took its way," it was borne from 
State to State until, to-day, this 
grand and glorious nation — north, 
south, east and west — is literally 
dotted with colleges. 

Some would-be educators say — 
"Have two or three great educational 
centres like Oxford or Cambridge, 



England, and let all American youth 
who desire more than a common 
school education go there." 

This idea entirely overlooks the 
central purpose of our educational 
institutions. That purpose is not to 
furnish the privileged few with ad- 
vantages by -which they may search 
out the very rootlets of written knowl- 
edge, but to diffuse the greatest 
amount of discipline and intelligence 
among the great mass of American 
citizens. 

It is not only important that our 
country produce scholars capable of 
deciphering the most ancient, hiero- 
glyphics, or astronomers who can 
discover comets on demand, but it 
is of the greatest necessity that all 
over this vast territory be sprinkled 
men and women who have a respect- 
able knowledge of the classics; jour- 
nalists, who are moderately well in- 
formed in history and can write good 
English; parishioners, who can de- 
tect logical fallacies when offered to 
them from the pulpit; boys and girls, 
who can distinguish between genuine 
and spurious literature; and a gener- 
al populace, who are so near abreast 
the times that they can receive new 
revelations without waiting for them 
to be filtered down through critics. 

In the United States there is a col- 
lege to every hundred square miles 
of territory, not one of which could 
be spared. Each has a hundred 
scholars or more, the majority of 
whom would never have seen a col- 
lege, had it not been brought within 
the distance of a day's ride. 

Perhaps the most charming fea- 
ture of our institutions is, that there- 
in are found not only gentlemen and 
ladies who have a view to engaging 
in one or the other of the learned 
professions, but a large number who 
enter for the sole object of obtain- 
ing a liberal education, and so great 
a strength of mind and character as 
will insure success in whatever work 
they may engage. 

In these latter days of the nine- 
teenth century, we not unfrequently 
hear of and witness young men re- 
ceive their diplomas, not with a view 
to entering literary life, but to en- 
gage in mercantile, mechanical, or 
agricultural pursuits. 

The educational facilities of ladies 
likewise are advanced beyond the 
confines of the common school and 
the domestic circle, for they, also, are 
found in the institutions of higher 
education, creditably competing with 
the sterner sex, and frequently grad- 
uating with high honors in the liter- 
ary, musical or art departments. 

The influence of the large number 
of colleges is indeed unquestionable, 
and is productive of none other than 
the highest good to a community 
and nation. As clients, parishioners, 
patients and readers advance in- 



tellectually, lawyers, ministers, phy. 
sicians, and writers will necessarily 
explore new fields of thought and at. 
tain a higher standard ot dignity 
and ability. 

While the colleges of our land are 
beneficial in elevating every branch 
of industry and in uplifting society 
in general, yet it is a solemn fact 
that the majority of them are finan. 
cially weak in one phase or the 
other. 

Let him who will, take an educa. 
tional tour and he will be surprised 
to see how much money has 
expended on college buildings in the 
last thirty years. Yisit Cambridge, 
New Haven, New York, Philadel. 
phia, Princeton, Ann-Arbor, and so 
on to the Golden Gate, and fail not 
to look upon Amherst, Easton, Ober- 
lin, and a score of other college towns 
enroute, and you will clearly see that 
the primitive simplicity is giving 
to stately architecture. Observ 
ries and laboratories have been built 
and equipped ; libraries that in some 
places unfortunately cost more than 
the books contained therein ; art 
galleries, memorial halls, gymnasi 
urns and chapels, all erected at an 
enormous expense, the majority of 
which are the result of individual 
liberality. If facilities for a liberal 
education eonsist in majestic build' 
ings, then, truly, are our older insti- 
tutions well prepared for work. 

We would not be understood to 
disparage private bequests, for in 
last decade we have been blessed 
with an unusual number of personal 
contributions to American Colleges 
However, all donors seem to fall 
into the one great error — that of 
making their donations specific in- 
stead of general. It seems that unless 
an imperishable receipt in the form 
of some magnificent edifice, or 1 
endowed chair can be given, they 
will quietly button up their pockets 
and turn away. 

A struggling college is scarcely 
assisted in the least by adding 
more to her half-dozen half-f 
professors, or by the erection of 
Jones gvmnasium or the Bosstf 
Memorial Hall. 



What our colleges stand in urg e " 
need of are funds for general p B ' 
poses ; so contributed that, the & 
ecutive board can apply them wbe 
ever most needed. As you adni' 
the grandeur of those splendid but 
ings, enroute on which you g aze jJ 
me direct you to pass within. ^ . 
lect the statistics of the amo" 
paid to the different professors ; t* 

■ be c«» 



the average and 



will 



you „^ ~ 
vinced that it is scarcely more \ 
half what it should be, all wm 
considered. J 
Indeed, the term "poor profess ^ 
has been a proverbial expressic-O 
long that somehow, from the 




THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



75 



f things, it seems the instructors 
f the American student must be 
underpaid. 

There are still those colleges whose 
weakness is not simply in the small 
remuneration of instructors, but 
whose finances are in a most de- 
plorable condition. 

Little or no endowment character- 
izes them. Their only income is 
from students, which seldom or never 
meets current expenses. As a natu- 
ral sequence, financial ruin stares 
them in the face. 

If a benevolent institution would 
stand, grow and prosper, it must have 
an exhaustless resource from which 
to draw funds. This is as essential 
as the subterranean reservoir to the 
perennial spring from which you 
quaff on a warm summer day. 

This lack of funds should not and 
need not be. In this, the wealthiest 
nation on the globe, where God has 
so bountifully favored man, it is a 
shame, yea a sin, for any religious 
denomination to allow an institution 
under her fostering care to struggle 
for a fortnight in the mire and ciay 
of financial embarrassment, when it 
could be placed on a firm rock of 
several hundred thousand endow- 
ment. 

In this land of freedom, when the 
Sacred Canon is studied as a per- 
sonal message; when our eyes are 
opened and we behold wondrous 
things out of God's law ; when the 
Word has truly become a lamp to our 
feet and a light to our path, then 
will the Christian Church, collect- 
ively and individually, realize that it 
is more blessed to give than to re- 
ceive; then will the Love of Christ 
constrain his followers to contribute 
to benevolent institutions ; then will 
the institutions of our beloved zion, 
as well as all others, receive a liberal 
Pecuniary endowment ; then will the 
child of the church be no longer 
compelled to blush before the public 
gaze on account of its neglect, but 
adorned without and equipped'with- 
to) it will stand erect and tacitly de- 
J lai 'e " I am a man" ; then will the 

°arcl of instructors be so increased 
jj n d remunerated as to over-burden 

o one and render all supreme advan- 
ces for self-improvement; then will 
e Le -t> him, that is alhirst come " be 

"graved in letters of gold above the 
^■trance, bidding welcome to hun- 

r eds of inquirers after truth; and 

" en will the King of Peace abun- 
tJjT% reward his children for con- 
futing as they heve been divinely 
^pered. A. A. Long. 



j The Duty of the Hour. 

of t , We ar e to judge from the signs 
W i h ° Ur ' Lebanon Valley College 
h er f - etter hold u P on the 'minds of 
ri ends and Alumni than at any 



previous period in her history. The 
many improvements and increased 
attendance have been due to our 
worthy President, who has been un- 
tiring in his efforts to make the Col- 
lege a college in the fullest sense — 
one that will be an honor to the east 
— equipped largely, and in every 
way able to keep apace with the 
march of education. The president 
has called our attention to the indis- 
pensable, the inevitable, if the Col- 
lege will grow, live and take her place 
among the colleges of our State. He 
suggests $100,000 endowment as the 
minimum to place the college on a 
safe financial basis, without which 
no college can live. We all see its 
need and say that it is just the thing 
to do, while we supinely fold our 
arms and lull us to sleep in the sweet 
anticipation that something will be 
done. Inaction has been fatal to 
all our interests in the past, in that 
their powers for usefulness have 
been enfeebled. Our present duty is 
prompt action. There should be a 
united effort made this collegiate 
year to secure the endowment. If 
it is not done, I fear the future of 
our dear college will be doomed. 
The endowment ought to be a sub- 
ject of constant prayer and effort 
with all. God has blessed all. The 
crops have been good. This year 
has been an unusually prosperous 
one to all kinds of business. There 
never will be a more favorable time. 

Swarthmore College, during the 
past year, received an additional en- 
dowment of $160,000. Why should 
United Brethren, claiming to have 
the purest Christian faith, be less 
liberal than the Friends ? The suc- 
cess attending Bro. Crayton in his 
efforts to raise the endowment means 
that our Church will do her whole 
duty towards the College for the 
glory of God. If we can only give 
the widow's mite, let us give it as 
she did, and we shall hear the plaudit 
"well done." Alumnus. 



College Day Offerings. 

The amount received from College 
Day Collections up to June 30, 1888, 
as reported in the July number of 
the College Forum, $813.33 

Following are 1 he amounts re- 
ceived from July 1st to September 
30th, 1888. 

EAST PA. CONFERENCE. 

East Harrisburg, M. J. Mumma . . $ 3.00 
Otterbeiu, Reading, M. A. Salt 14.03 

penn'a conference. 

Shippensburg, J. W. Houseman. . 7.83 

York Haven, J. Perry Koontz 5.00 

Otterbein, Harrisburg, C. T. Steam 8.00 

ALLEGHENY CONFERENCE. 

Phillipsburg, C. W. Wasson, G.00 

Somerset, J. H. Pershing 3.22 

Scott Dale, E. A. Geek 0.40 

Johnstown, W. H. Mingle 5.00 



Washington, A. Day 2.00 

New Haven, J. L. Baker 4.09 

Bigler, D. Ellis 2.00 

Mt. Pleaeant, J. I. L. Resslcr .... 5.38 

MARYLAND CONFERENCE. 

Manchester, J. R. Jones 6.00 

Total to Sept. 30, 1888 $891.28 

M. O. Lane, Fin. Agt. 



Personals. 



[Any announcement of Personals In Socie- 
ty items will not be repeated here.] 

Mr. George R. Shenk, class of '81, 
has resumed his studies in the Jeffer- 
son Medical College, Philadelphia. 

Mr. Lincoln Musser, class of '84, 
while attending the Agricultural 
Fair at Lebanon, called. 

Rev. M. O. Lane and Prof. Eber- 
sole were in attendance at the Alle- 
gheny Conference. They were de- 
lighted with the interest manifested 
in behalf of the College. 

Prof. Bowman, on the last of Sep- 
tember, spent a few hours at Prince- 
ton, visiting his brother-in-law, Rev. 
J. E. Lynn, who is attending the Di- 
vinity School of Princeton. While 
in Philadelphia the Professor attend- 
ed one of the hospital clinics of the 
Jefferson. 

We have learned with deep sor- 
row of the sudden death of the 
father of Mr. A. 'D. Snyder, of 
Keedysville, Mcl., who attended the 
college during the administration of 
President Hammond. 

Mr. George Rigler, father-in-law of 
Prof. Deaner, had an attack of paral- 
ysis. For several days he was criti- 
cally ill. He is convalescing, and 
it is hoped that he will fully recover. 

Mrs. Stevens, sister of the presi- 
dent, remembered him very kindly 
on the anniversary of his marriage 
with a beautiful bouquet of rose- 
buds. 

Miss Sheldon has taken charge of 
the Art Department, her sister hav- 
ing recovered sufficiently for her to 
leave home. She was warmly greeted 
by the facult}', students and her 
many friends. She is already ar- 
ranging to give her pupils special 
lectures. The w r ork of the depart- 
ment is expected to excel all past 
efforts. The class is of good size 
and many are making painting a 
specialty. The kindness of Miss 
Landis in carrying on the work so 
successfully in Miss Sheldon's ab- 
sence, is most highly appreciated. 

We are in receipt of an invitation 
to attend the silver wedding of Rev. 
and Mrs. A. M. Evers, of Keedys- 
ville, Md., Oct. 10, 1888. Deep down 
in our hearts we wish it were our 
pleasure so to do, but duties compel 
us to forego that pleasure. We 
tender them our congratulations on 



7G 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



their having, for twenty-five years, 
shared each other's joys and sorrows. 
Their life has been one of sunshine 
with but a few scattered clouds. Their 
daughter Alice, Professor of Piano 
in the College, and their son Samuel, 
a member of the Sophomore class, 
have blessed their lives, and have 
been a real comfort and the realiza- 
tion of their highest hopes. May 
each returning anniversary bring 
sweeter joys, and richer and ripened 
bliss. 



KATAKEKOMMENA. 



The students have organized Re- 
publican and Prohibition Clubs. 

The Maryland students have de- 
cided to hold another Re-union dur- 
ing next summer vacation. Pro- 
gramme and full particulars will be 
announced in due time. 

The classes in Astrononry have 
been tracing the different constella- 
tions, and making observations upon 
the sun, moon, Jupiter and Mars. 
During the month the planets, stars, 
nebulae, etc., will receive especial 
study and be observed with an acro- 
matic telescope. 

Professor Bowman is doing spe- 
cial work in Botany. Owing to the 
shortness of the term of study last 
spring he could not accomplish as 
much field-work ^and analysis as was 
desired. The present work is in- 
tended to be supplemental. 

During every week, since the or- 
ganization, new students have enter- 
ed. A more ladylike and gentle- 
manly class of students have never 
been in attendance than at present. 
In every department the work is 
reported as being of a superior 
kind. The classes are, on the whole, 
larger than for years. 

The first public rhetorical for the 
year will be given on the 13th inst., 
by the first division of the Presi- 
dent's class. The second will be on 
the 20th and the third on November 
3d. The class consists of seniors 
and juniors, which fact warrants "a 
feast of reason and flow of soul." 
Special music may be expected. 

Circulars of Non-Resident, Post- 
Graduate Courses, leading to the 
degree of Ph. D., have been sent out 
to all the graduates. Any one fail- 
ing to receive one, will be furnished 
on notification. Graduates should 
avail themselves of the advantages 
furnished by the courses. The 
courses have received most favor- 
able comments from the leading- 
minds of our church. 

The new book " Getting Ready 
for a Revival," by President Lor- 
enz has been received. It is in three 
parts: Preacher's Preparation, Prep- 
aration for the Church, and General 



Preparation. It supplies a long felt 
wants and comes at a time when it 
will be most helpful to the minister 
in his revival work. No library 
will be complete without it. It is 
within the reach of all, as it sells for 
15 cents. A review will be given in 
next issue. 

Dr. Etter's work on "The Doc- 
trine of Christian Baptism" is the 
first work of the kind by a mem- 
ber of our church. It doubtless 
will become the standard author- 
ity in the church, as it is written 
in harmony with the teachings of 
the church. It treats of the nature 
of baptism, the subjects of baptism, 
the mode of baptism and the ethics 
of baptism. It will be reviewed in 
the next issue. 

The Library Committee have pur- 
chased Appleton's Cyclopaedia of Bi- 
ography in six volumes. It contains 
twelve hundred steel engravings of 
the most prominent men, living and 
dead. In every respect it is a mar- 
vel of excellence. The biographies 
have been written by men especially 
qualified for that work, which gives 
it an unusual freshness, and makes 
it superior to any work of the kind 
published. Many other valuable 
works will be added during the 
month. 

Rev. J. A. Cray ton, soliciting 
agent of the college, has come among 
us to raise the $100,000 endowment. 
His success in the work of solicit- 
ing, together with his implicit confi- 
dence in prayer, assure us that he 
will succeed. Our friends are hear- 
ing him gladly. He is greatly en- 
couraged by the spirit of the people 
and with his success. The time is 
ripe. May the church pray for him 
that he may gather largely for the 
Lord. 

In the Open Letters of the Sep- 
tember number of the Century Mag- 
azine, W. J. Stillman writes on Art 
Education. He urges the necessity 
of early training, not only in special 
professions, but in general intellec- 
tual cultivation as well. " Neglect 
not the gift that is within thee." To 
be a master in one's chosen calling, 
necessitates long and careful prepa- 
ration, but the more all the faculties 
of the mind are developed, the more 
powerful can one become as a spe- 
cialist. 

An occasional diversion from the 
regular routine of school duties 
often adds much to the pleasure of 
college students. The year spent in 
college is also made all the more 
pleasant if at its beginning the stu- 
dents become acquainted with one 
another. 

That the students of Lebanon Val- 
ley College might meet and become 
acquainted Avith one another, a re- 
ception was held in the parlor of the 



Ladies' Hall, Saturday evening, Sep. 
tember 22. 

The parlor had been beautifully 
decorated by the young ladies, and 
presented a most pleasing and invi. 
ting appearance to the guests as they 
arrived. Professors Deaner and Leh- 
man and Misses Evers and Hott re. 
ceived the guests and endeavored to 
make the occasion a very pleasant 
one for all present. Almost a hun- 
dred of the students Avere present and 
the evening was spent in social con. 
versation and promenading, and a 
few games also were engaged in. 

The large dining hall is of special 
advantage in entertaining so large a 
party. 

The hours passed quickly by, and 
almost before any one was aware of 
it, the evening was gone and the 
guests departed, all seemingly hav- 
ing spent a very enjoyable evening. 



LITERARY SOCIETIES. 



Clionian Literary Society. 

Society work is -moving along 
nicely. Since the opening of the 
term seven new names have been 
added to our list. Preparations are 
being made for the anniversary. 

Mrs. Ada Underwood Aj-res, class 
of '82, of Chester, Pa., was in town 
September 21. During her short 
stay she was the guest of Miss Ella 
Smith. 

Miss Linnie Erb enjoyed a visit 
from her mother who spent several 
days at the college. 

Miss Anna Reed, class of '88, spent 
September 25, at the college visiting 
her sister. In the evening she de- 
livered an interesting address at the 
students' missionary meeting. She 
was on her way to New Haven 
Connecticut, where she will pursue 
studies for further missionary wort 

Miss Lillie R. Shaffner spent sev- 
eral days at her home in Steelton. 
the occasion being the marriage ol 
her sister. 



Pliilokosmian Literary Society. 

"Esse quam Videri." 

kt the election held on the 28tn 
ult., Mr. John E. Kleffmau was ma« e 
President. 

Mr. J. E. Kleffman was called ¥§ 
on the 13th ult., by a telegram 
bore the sad news of his mother 
sudden death. fl 

Messrs. A. L. Shannon and 
Burkholder attended the meetifc 
held for the promotion of "Christ^ 
Holiness," at Newburg, Pa. Th e . 
report a profitable as well as a 
ant time. j 

The Reading Room is no>v ff 
supplied with the best of current" 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



11 



eratnrc, and is well patronized. There 
should be a better room given for 
this purpose. The one occupied at 
present is adapted only to the read- 
ing of obituaries. 

Messrs. A. A. Long and H. M. 
Miller spent Saturday evening, 29th 
u lt M with friends in the country. 
Such occasions furnish pleasant 
reminiscences of long walks, in twi- 
light, along silvery streams fringed 
with graceful Reeds and sweet 
bErbs ; and are like angels' visits to 
calm the troubled waters of anxious 
lives. 

The society spent Friday evening, 
the 12th inst., in considering the va- 
rious phases of the Prohibition move- 
ment. The question for the regular 
discussion read, Resolved : That no 
man professing prohibition senti- 
ments can eonsistentl} 7 vote either 
the Democratic or the Republican 
ticket. Another question read : Is 
a third party necessary to the suc- 
cess of the Prohibition movement. 

The artist, C. S. Roshon, present- 
ed to the society a fine picture of 
the Chapel rostrum as it appeared 
on the evening of May 4th, 1888, 
the occasion of the twent}' -first anni- 
versary of the society. The speak- 
ers and the decorations appear to 
good advantage. Friends and form- 
er members can secure a copy of this 
picture for one dollar. 

We are glad to notice that the 
former members of the society have 
not all forgotten its welfare. I. H. 
Albright, Pastor of York First IT. 
B. Church, recently presented to the 
Society Library a complete set of 
Bunyan's Works. It is needless to 
say that the society greatly appre- 
ciates such remembrance and returns 
its hearty thanks to the donor. 

The society has concluded to con- 
duct a Lecture course during the 
coming winter. It feels confident 
that with the patronage of the school 
and of the citizens of Annville and 
community the present course can 
be made to excel even that of last 
year, which is said to have been the 
m ost successful one ever conducted 
*0 Annville. The patronage given a 
gpod lecture course by any coraniu- 
n, ty very approximately measures 
the extent of its advancement in lit- 
erary taste and culture. Hence, it 
ls a matter of encouragement to 
n ote the increased patronage given 
the Lecture Course from year to 
} ear. The money expended for a lec- 
Ul 'e brings larger returns than that 

" lc h gains an admission to a circus, 

race, or a second-class theater. 



Kalozetean Literary Society. 

are pleased to announce good 



*ork 



in society thus far, and it is the 



j^'pose of all to make the exercises 
lt er and more interesting. 



Mr. H. A. "Walmer, whom we had 
been expecting for some time, ar- 
rived on Tuesday, October 2. He 
reports having spent his vacation at 
hard work. We welcome him back 
to society. 

We propose in the near future to 
have a political program, in which 
the three great political parties will 
be represented. We are hoping to 
make it a success. 

The hall has been made more at- 
tractive and pleasant by a rearrange- 
ment of the rostrum, the organ and 
the chaplain's stand. We will make 
other changes before long. 

Prof. Lehman paid the society a 
visit Friday evening, September 28. 
We were all pleased with his pleasant 
words and kind advice. Come again, 
Prof., and bring with you the other 
members of the Faculty. 

Rev. TJ. S. Gr. Renn "of Manheim, 
Pa., several weeks ago became the 
entertainer of a stranger, who en- 
tered his home, seemingly in utter 
want. Mr. Renn has consented to 
care for the young gentleman twenty- 
one years. We send, through the 
Forum, our congratulations to him 
and Mrs. Renn. 

Rev. J. M. Lesher has accepted 
the Wilkinsburg charge, Allegheny 
conference. He will in the near fu- 
ture remove his family to Wilkins- 
burg. Our best wishes go with him, 
for the best of success. Rev. H. T. 
Denlinger has also received an ap- 
pointment in this conference. We 
have not, as yet, heard that he will 
accept. His appointment is at Ty- 
rone, Pa. 

Among the late visitors were D. 
E. Burtner, class of '86, enroute to 
the Yale Divinity School, New Ha- 
ven, Conn. 

W. J. Baltzell, enroute to Boston, 
where he has entered the Conserva- 
tory of Music. 

J. B. Swartz and brother, of Mid- 
dletown, Pa., and H. T. Denlinger 
in company with Mr. A. E. Binkley. 
Mr. Binkley has since entered the 
school and has become a member of 
the Society. 



VOICES FROM THE PAST. 



Gleanings. 



TIME. 



Time will discover everj'thing to 
posterity ; it is a babbler, and speaks 
even when no question is put. 

— Euripides. 

WINE. 

I have been ruined by an evil fate 
and excess in wine. 

For wine leads to folly, making 
even the wise to laugh immoderately, 
to dance and to utter what had better 
have been kept silent. — Homer. 



PRAYERS THE DAUGHTERS OF HEAVEN. 

But, Achilles, curb thy furious 
rage. Thou shouldst not cherish an 
unrelenting heart; for the Gods 
themselves, excelling in virtue, honor 
and strength, may yet be assuaged ; 
for they may be soothed by incense, 
humble suit, libations, and sacrifices, 
when men have transgressed and 
gone astray. For Prayers are the 
daughters of mighty Jove — lame of 
foot, indeed, and timid — who, coming 
after the Temptress, are heedful of 
their course. But the Temptress is 
bold, swift of foot ; for she far out- 
runs and gets before them over all 
the earth, bringing sad disasters on 
mankind ; but Prayers behind her 
heal the wrongs she had clone to him 
who bows in reverence to these 
daughters of Jove as they approach : 
such an one they greatly aid and 
listen to his entreaties. But whoso- 
ever rejects, and boldly refuses their 
assistance, Prayers, approaching 
their father, Jupiter, beg that the 
Temptress may follow him, that he 
may suffer and pay a due penalty. — 
Homer. 

IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION. 

Now, we say\ man is a tame do- 
mesticated animal ; for when he re- 
ceives a proper education and hap- 
pens to possess a good natural dis- 
position, he usually becomes an 
animal most divine and tame ; but 
when he is not sufficiently nor prop- 
erly trained, be is the most savage 
animal on the face of the earth. On 
this account a legislator neither as a 
secondary matter nor as a by-work. 

—Plato. 

LABOR. 

The gods grant nothing good and 
beautiful to men without toil and 
sweat. — Xenophon. 

THE LOOKS AND GESTURES SHOW THE 
CHARACTER. 

Surely also nobleness and gener- 
osity of disposition, lowliness of 
mind and illiberality, modesty and 
intelligence, insolence and stupidity, 
are shown both in the countenance 
and gestures of men, whether they 
are standing or moving. — Xenophon. 



MATHEMATICAL CORNER. 



All communications lor this department 
should be addressed to Professor of 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley- 
College, Annville, l'a. 

The September number was issued 
so recently that our friends had but 
little time to reply to its contents ; 
yet we have received a number of 
letters containing solutions and opin- 
ions, together with new problems. 

Problems No. 10 (May), No. 11 
(Aug.), and No. 12 (Sept.), have been 
solved as given below. The cheese 



78 



problem created considerable in- 
terest; it may have been a lively 
cheese. No less than four correct 
solutions were received. We pub- 
lish the- first. 

The question " Should proportion 
be taught in the district schools ? " 
has been answered in several ways. 
We can give only condensed state- 
ments of the answers. One says it 
should not be taught because it is 
impracticable, is not used in the 
common vocations of life, the time 
spent on it should be used to better 
advantage ; it is required for admis- 
sion to College, but preparation for 
College should not be made in the 
district schools, but in Academies, 
Seminaries, &c, where methods of 
instruction and text books are the 
same as in Colleges. One says it 
should be taught in the district 
schools because it is the most im- 
portant chapter in our arithmetics ; 
many problems can only be solved 
by proportion; and then, too, it 
furnishes an excellent mental drill. 

We think it should not be taught, 
since any problem that can be solved 
by proportion can also be solved by 
analysis, and clear, sharp analysis is 
a better means of mental discipline 
than proportion. 

The question is now open for gen- 
eral discussion. 

SOLUTIONS. 

]STo. 10 (May). 

Let X=dist. from Annville to Freder- 
icksburg. 

A's rate=3 mi. an hr. 

B's rate=12 mi. an hr., or 4 mi. in 20 
min. 

Hence they meet 4 mi. from Fredericks- 
burg. 

X — 4=dist. A travels. 
X+4= " B 
X -4— time A. " 
3 

X+4== " B. " 
12 

B delays |-f£ hour. 
...X-4=X+4+*+i- 

3 12 
4X— 16=X+4+4+3. 
3X=27. 
X=9 dist. from A. to F. 

Alumnus. 

No. 11, (August). 

2 2 X3. 1416X60=753.984 cub. in. in pole. 
18 2 X3. 1416X00=01072, 704 cub. in. of 
water and pole. 

61072.704—753.984=60318.72 cub. in. of 
water. 

60318.72 --(18 2 X 3.1416) =59.25 4- in. 
depth of water. 

M. M. BURTNER. 

No. 12, (September). 

Let length of cut=l. 
Then diagonal of sq.=j/2~ 
Area of entire cheese=1.5708. 
Area of inscribed square=l. 
1.5708— 1=.5708 area of four segments. 
.5708h-4=.1427 area of one segment. 
.-. .1427 : 1.5708 : : 3 lbs : 33.02 lbs wt. 
of entire cheese. 

E. T. Schlosser. 



PROBLEMS. 

Poetry and mathematics are not usu- 
ally mixed, but the following shows that 
it may be done very successfully: 

One evening I chanced with a tinker to 
sit 

"Whose tongue ran a great deal too fast 

for his wit ; 
He talked of his art with abundance of 

mettle. 

So I asked him to make me a flat-bottom- 
ed kettle. 

Let the top and the bottom diameters be 
In just such proportions as five is to three : 
Twelve inches the depth I propose and no 
more, 

And to hold in ale gallons seven less than 
a score. 

He promised to do it and straight to work 
went. 

But when he had done it he found it too 
scant. 

He altered it then, but too big he had 
made it ; 

For though it held right, the diameters 
failed it ; 

Thus making it often too big and too 
little, 

The tinker at last had quite spoiled his 
tin kettle; 

But declares he will bring his promise to 
pass. 

Or else that he'll spoil every ounce of his 
brass. 

Now to keep him from ruin, I pray find 
him out 

The diameters' length, for he'll ne'er 
do't I doubt. 

J. M. Gingrich. 



SCIENCE. 



This department has received a 
supply of apparatus during the 
past month, which will help us very 
materially in illustrations in physi- 
cal and chemical science. A splendid 
"Queen's Toepler Holtz Machine," 
with appliances to illustrate fully in 
Statical Electricity, together with 
appparatus to be used in Mechanics, 
Hydrostatics and Chemistry. The 
apparatus was purchased from J. 
W. Queen & Co., of Philadelphia, 
and speaks very highly of their in- 
genuity and skill, as makers of fine 
apparatus as well as importers of 
the same. We shall be glad to have 
our friends call and examine the new 
additions in this department. With 
additional apparatus we hope to 
make this department more and 
more interesting and useful to our 
students and patrons. The funds 
for the purchase of the above were 
furnished by the College and by 
some friends, as well as by money 
made by the department in' analysis 
of minerals. 

We are glad to see that steps are 
being taken to properly heat this 
department. The chemicals and ap- 
paratus will be kept in a much bet- 
ter condition by the regular heat 
from a furnace than they can be by 
the ordinary way of heating. The 
work of the class-room will be more 
satisfactory also. 

The class in Botany has added 



about forty new specimens to the 
collection. These specimens are of 
summer and fall flowering plants, 
and a number of others are being 
prepared for the cabinet. 



Meteorology. 

We expect in this department to 
give the average temperature and 
other meteorologj^ from data care- 
fully compiled during the month. 

August was on the average warmer 
than the months of June and July. 
The coolest day had a mean of 561°, 
while the warmest averaged a mean 
temperature of 80°. 

The average rainfall for August 
was over two inches more than the 
average in all the Augusts for twenty 
years, the largest fall being on the 
21st of 3.35 inches. 



Astronomy for October. 



PLANETS. 

Mercury is at its greatest distance 
east of the sun on the 8th of Oc- 
tober and may possibly be seen dur- 
ing the first week in the month. 

Venus can be seen in the western 
horizon directly after sunset. It is 
moving farther from the sun. 

Mars sets between 8 and 9 p. m. 
It is in Scorpio and Sagittarius. 

Jupiter is also in Scorpio and sets 
before 9 o'clock p. m. 

eclipse of jupiter's moons. 
Oct. 10th . . . 7:39 p. m. 
" 12th . . . 8:02 " 
" nth . . . 9:33 " 
" 25th . . . 5:54 " 
" " ... ■■: 7:57 " 
" 26th . . . 5:57 " 
Saturn rises about 2 a. m. on Oct. 
1st, and about midnight on the 31st. 
It is in the vicinity of the Star Reg- 
ulus, about 8° from it to the west- 
ward. 

The following constellations are 
visible at 8 p. m. : Ursa Major and 
Minor, Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Draco, 
Perseus, Andromeda, Pegassus, Pis- 
ces, Aries, Capricornus, Sagittarius, 
Scorpio, Cygnus, Dolphin, Corona, 
Bootes, Hercules, Ophiuchus, Aquil- 
la and Ceteus. 



The Meeting of the American As- 
sociation for the Advancement 
of Science at Cleveland, 0. 

The thirty-seventh meeting of the 
Association was held in Cleveland) 
in August last, and was an occasion 
of great interest and pleasure. Th e 
opening exercises were an address 
of welcome by Dr. Cady Staley, ot 
the local committee, which was re* 
plied to by the president J. W. Pof ' 
ell. Important papers were read i fl 



* 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



79 



the different sections. Among the 
most important were the following : 
On the Antiquity of Man, by Dr. 
q, C. Abbott, and on the Origin of 
the American Indians, by Dr. D. G. 
Brinton. Prof. Monroe reviewed 
the progress of chemical science. 
Prof. W. L. Dudley gave an account 
of the recent fatal accidents at Troy, 
jf. Y., from the breaking of pipes 
containing water gas, etc. 

The members of the association 
enjoyed an excursion on Lake Erie, 
and examined the wonderful glacial 
scratches at Kelley's Island. The 
next meeting will be held in To- 
ronto, Ontario, in the summer of '89. 



Two French engineers have pro- 
jected to build for the Exhibition a 
large terrestrial globe of 40 metres in 
circumference ; that is, on the scale 
of one millionth. It is to be sup- 
ported on a strong column, on which 
it will rotate, describing a whole 
turn in twenty-four hours. Circular 
galleries around it will allow of an 
easy inspection. This will be a mat- 
ter of great attraction for all who 
attend. 

Pencils. — According to Johann 
Faber, the famous manufacturer of 
Nuremberg, the people of the United 
States use, in round numbers, about 
a hundred million lead pencils every 
year. 



HEADER'S CORNER. 



Scribner's Magazine for October is 
notable for the varied interest of its 
contents and the eminence of its 
contributors in their special fields 
of work, among them being Lester 
Wallack, the Hon. Hugh McCulloch, 
Robert Louis Stevenson, Professor 
Arthur T. Hadley, and H. H. Boy- 
esen. The illustrations present an 
equal variety of subject and treat- 
ment. 

Lester Wallack, whose name and 
fame have been so intimately con- 
nected with what is most significant 
m the history of the American stage, 
recalls, in an unconventional and 
genial manner, some interesting 
" Memoirs of the Last Fifty Years" 
the result of an effort to catch 
and preserve the familiar talk of a 
v eteran of the stage." There are 
^ v o striking full-page portraits of 
Wallack, one in character, 
ihese reminiscences will be con- 
tinued in the November and Decem- 
ber issues. 

The Railway series (which meets 
mth increasing success and the 

'eartiest popular approval) is con- 
tinued witli a discussion of "the 

Railroad in its Business Relations " 
^ Professor Arthur T. Hadley, of 



Yale, ex-Commissioner of Labor 
Statistics in Connecticut, and author 
of the standard work on " Railroad 
Transportation : its History and its 
Laws." 

"The Temples of Egypt," by 
Edward L. Wilson (whose articles 
on " The Modern Nile " and " The 
Great Pyramid " will be recalled 
with pleasure), is the most richly 
illustrated paper of this issue. 

The Hon. Hugh McCulloch, ex- 
Secretary of the Treasury, discusses 
vital " Problems in American Poli- 
tics," some of which are significant 
issues in the present campaign. 
The entirely non-partisan views of 
this eminent economist on Free 
Ships, Revenue Reform, Immigra- 
tion, and Land Monopoly will attract 
the wide attention of thinking voters. 

" Behind the Scenes of an Opera- 
House," by Gustav Kobbe, gives an 
insight into the mechanical ingenuity 
which is expended in making the 
stage of a theatre to simulate nature. 

Robert Louis Stevenson's paper is 
entitled " Contributions to the His- 
tory of Fife," and, with Gaelic affec- 
tion, recalls " random memories " of 
a famous old Scotch Shire — of Largo, 
where Alexander Selkirk lived, of 
the historic St. Andrew's University, 
Kirkaldy, Dysart, Magus Muir, and 
Anstruther. 

There is an illustrated love-story 
of Nantucket by H. H. Boyesen, en- 
titled "Charity." Mr. Stimson's 
serial, " First Harvests," is full of 
incident, describing the end of the 
Duval ball, an elopement, the burn- 
ing of the Staibuck Oil Works, and 
the collapse of Townley & Tamms. 

There are poems by C. P. Cranch, 
Elizabeth Fairchild, and L. Frank 
Tooker. 

The October Century closes the 
36th volume and 18th 3 ear of that 
periodical. The frontispiece of the 
number is a portrait of the late Emma 
Lazarus, the Jewish poet of New 
York ; and in the body of the maga- 
zine appears a sympathetic study of 
the genius and personality of this 
most interesting woman. 

The opening illustrated article of 
the number is a paper by Richard 
Jeffries, on "An English Deer-Park," 
with illustrations by Alfred Parsons 
and Bryan Hook. Theodore Roose- 
velt closes his Ranch series with an 
anecdotal paper on"Frontier Types," 
the text being expanded by a num- 
ber of Remington's studies of West- 
ern character and incidents. Another 
illustrated article is on " American 
Machine Cannon and Dynamite 
Guns." 

But to most readers the most inter- 
esting and important illustrated arti- 
cle of the number will doubtless be 
George Keenan's description of "The 
Tomsk Forwarding Prison," in his 
series on the Siberian Exile System. 



This installment of the Lincoln se- 
ries is on "Plans of Campaign," and 
is a full and authoritative statement 
of Lincoln's reasons for interference 
in the conduct of the war, in the 
early days of the McClellan regimi. 
The fact that Lincoln took up the 
study of war scientifically is here 
brought out. Another paper having 
a war subject is Walt Whitman's 
memoranda, made at the time, of 
"Army Hospitals and Cases," giving 
scenes among the wounded soldiers 
in Whitman's individual and vivid 
prose style. 

All readers who are interested 
either in the regular army or the 
militia will be especially attracted 
by a timely series of papers in this 
month's Century on " Our National 
Military System," by General A. Y. 
Kautz, Colonel J. M. Rice, General 
G. W. Wingate, and Major E. C. 
Brust. In these papers are discussed 
these subjects : " What the United 
States Army should be," " Military 
Education and the Yolunteer Militia," 
and " Our National Guard." 

Mr. Janvier's brief serial, "A Mex- 
ican Campaign," is concluded in this 
number; and there are two short 
stories " A Strike," bv Maud Howe, 
and " An Idyl of Sinkin' Mount'in," 
by H. S. Edwards, author of " Two 
Runaways." Other papers are on 
" The New Political Generation," 
" Christianity the Conservator of 
American Civilization," and " Songs 
of the Western Meadow Lark." 

The poems of this number are by 
Emma Lazarus, Harriet Prescott 
Spofford, Thomas Wentworth Hig- 
ginson, Robert Underwood Johnson, 
Henry W. Austin and Charles Henry 
Webb. In Topics are discussed 
" The American Yolunteer," " Gen- 
eral Sheridan," "The Amenities of 
Politics," " Who is the Genuine 
Party Man?" "Manual Training," 
and in Open Letters " Lincoln as a 
Military Man," " Lowell's Recent 
Writings," " Lectures on American 
History," "The Right Man for Our 
Church," etc. 

The October Forum contains a re: 
view of Tolstoi's remarkable career 
and writings with especial reference 
to his religious opinions and teach- 
ings, by Archdeacon Farrar. He 
writes with profound respect for Tol- 
stoi's unselfish life, but concludes 
that his is not the proper interpreta- 
tion of Christ's teaching. The essay 
contains a sketch of Tolstoi's life, a 
description of his present mode of 
living, and a review of his great 
novels. Another essay on a literary 
subject in this number is the British 
critic, Edmund Gosse's answer to the 
question, " Has America Produced 
a Poet ?" With words of praise for 
Longfellow, Bryant, Emerson, and 
Poe (especially the last two), are se- 
vere criticisms of Lanier and other 



SO 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



American writers and a general re- 
view of our poetic literature. 

Edward Atkinson continues his 
series of essays on our Industrial 
Condition and Wages and Labor 
Problems with a comprehensive view 
of " The Progress of the Nation " 
since the civil war. He shows how 
the standard of comfort has been 
raised, and how the per capita con- 
sumption of food has increased and 
the progress that has been made by 
useful inventions. The self-binder 
alone saved us enough money to en- 
able us to resume specie payments. 
Incidentally Mr. Atkinson touches 
the subject of the tariff. But Prof. 
P. W. Taussig, of Harvard, explains 
specifically what effect protective 
duties have on wages, concluding 
that the general effect is to lessen 
them. The difference between the 
wages paid in different countries he 
accounts for by the difference be- 
tween the productiveness of the wage 
earners. Another industrial article 
is a statement bv Mr. Adelbert Ham- 
ilton of " The Great Railway Debt " 
in the United States, which is larger 
than our national debt ever was ; 
and he points out the dangers that 
come of it. 

Two political articles are on 
" Pace Antagonism in the South," 
by Senator Eustis, of Louisiana, 
who maintains that the Negro can 
never rise above his present posi- 
tion, because he is irreconcilably 
different from the other races of 
mankind; and "Why the Chinese 
must be Excluded," 'by Mr. W. B. 
Farwell, of San Francisco, who re- 
views the effect of Mongolian immi- 
gration for the last forty years. 

Other articles in this number are 
the concluding essay on " What 
Shall the Public Schools Teach?" 
by the Rev. A. S. Isaacs, who touches 
the subject of religious instruction 
from an Hebraic point-of-view ; "The 
Border-Land of Morals," by the 
Rev. Dr. C. A. Bartol; and "The 
Dread of Death," by Junius Henri 
Browne, who shows that dying is 
generally painless. — The Forum 
Publishing Co., 253 Fifth Ave., N. 
F., $5 d year. 

Notice. 

The College Forum is essential 
to the prosperity of Lebanon Valley 
College. Without a liberal patronage 
The Forum can not perforin its mis- 
sion. Let our friends subscribe at 
once. 



Bates of Advertising in the Col- 
lege Forum. 



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NOTIONS, Etc., 

814 Cumberland St., 

LEBANON, PA 



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Lebanon Valley College. 



VOL. I. 



ANNVILLE, PA., OCTOBER, 1888. 



NO. 11. 



EDITORS. 

FACULTY. 
rev. E. S. Lorenz, A. M., B. D., President. 
H. Clay Deaner, A. M., Professor of Latin. 
Geo. W. Bowman, A. M., Professor of Science. 
j.E. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 
Rev. W. S. Ebersole, A. M., Professor of Greek. 
Miss Alice M. Evers, B. S., 

Professor of Instrumental Music. 
Miss Ella Smith, M. A., 

Professor of Vocal Culture. 
Miss Etta li. Hott, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor of Art. 



ASSOCIATE EDITORS 
Clionian Society— Miss Loula S. Funk. 
Philokosmian Society— Rev. S. D. Faust. 
Kalozetean Society— J. T. Spangler. 



PUBLISHING AGENT. 
Rev. M. O. Lane, Financial Agent. 

All communications or items of news 
should be sent to the President. Subscrip- 
tions should he sent to the Publishing 
Agent. 

THE COLLEGE FORUM will be sent 
monthly for one year on receipt of twenty- 
'ive cents. Subscriptions received at any 
time. 

For terms of advertising, address the 
Publislung Agent. 



Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 



EDITORIAL. 



The Mathematical Corner does 
n °t appear in this issue, because of 
Sl ckness in the family of the editor 



have received veiy kind words 
° u the improved appearance of the 
°RUM. It has made our hearts glad. 
sympathize with one who is in 
* a «t without giving that which will 
rem ° ve the want is indeed very cold 
^pathy, if sympathy at all. That 
e College Forum is essential to 
^ Prosperity of the College, 
fo ° ne doubt. The good it is doing 
r the Church and College is 
^ " " is going monthly into a 
c °jisand homes, telling what the 
pla ^ e * S ^°' n S) presenting her 
a ee ^ s for the future, showing present 
^ s > and how her success may be 
The distance between you 



and the college is abridged, that you 
at your cozy firesides can have a 
friendly chat with us. To our many 
readers, the giving of twenty-five 
cents is but a trifle, but to the Fo- 
RUM it means life. It is our pur- 
pose to raise our subscription list to 
one thousand subscribers. Will not 
those who receive this number who 
are not subscribers, send their sub- 
scriptions with twenty-five cents? 
If pastors, graduates, ex-students 
and friends assist us, it will be no dif- 
ficult matter to secure a thousand 
subscribers. Will our friends kindly 
aid us ? Let all show their interest 
in the cause of christian education 
by helping to swell the list, and you 
will be blessed. 

Dr. Maise, of Philadelphia, a 
specialist on nervous diseases, was 
called in consultiation on the con- 
dition of the President, by Dr. 
Trabert, the attending physician. 
The consultation was very satisfac- 
tory to the President and Mrs. 
Lorenz. He approved of the treat- 
ment in the case, however, and advised 
the daily application of massage in 
connection with use of the battery. Its 
application has been very satisfac- 
tory. The Dr. assured the family that 
there was nothing alarming in the 
present condition of the president. 

During the past week the doctor 
has been taking the president out 
driving. He has derived great ben- 
efit from the drives. He expects to 
go this month to his wife's home for 
a month or two, by advice of his 
physician. It is believed that the 
change will more speedily bring 
about his recovery. 

As we, on Thanksgiving, with 
prayers and praise return thanks to 
God for all His past mercies, for 
abundant crops, for the rich rewards 
that have followed our labors, for 



peace and harmony in our fair land, 
for the success and growth of Chris- 
tianity, let us return thanks for the 
success of Lebanon Valley College, 
for the christian spirit that has char- 
acterized her students, for the liberal 
spirit manifested in behalf of the 
College towards the raising of the 
endowment, and for the degree of 
health that the president now enjoys. 
In our thanksgiving, we should 
pray for a continuance of blessings 
upon the work of the College, and 
especially, pray for the endowment. 



To whom is the greatest benefit if 
Lebanon Valley College is endowed ? 
To the teacher? No. To the stu- 
dent ? No. To the people of Ann- 
ville ? No. To the Board of Trus- 
tees? No. Whoever helps to en- 
dow Lebanon Valley College benefits 
most of all the cause of Christ, par- 
ticularly as it is carried forward by 
the Church of the United Brethren 
in Christ. A struggling christian 
College pays no dividends of silver 
nor gold to its stockholders. It is 
an investment that yields no man 
riches and but a few men a living. 
The maintenance of such a college 
is the expression of a most benevo- 
lent and therefore self-sacrificing 
disposition on the part of its sup- 
porters. It is a labor of love, care- 
fully developing into power a few 
lives, which shall be scattered and 
become centres of force to lift up 
humanity toward God. "Let this 
mind be in you which was in Christ 
Jesus." 



Mr. Daniel Hand has recently 
given a million of dollars to the Mis- 
sionary Society of New York City, 
the interest to be devoted to the ed- 
ucation of the colored people in the 
old slave States, who are needy, and 
especially such as, by vigor of body 
and mind, give indications of ef- 



82 



THE COLLEGE FOKUM. 



ficiency in after life. What might 
we not accomplish if the same spirit 
of benevolence would be found in as 
large a degree in our church ? If 
our offerings were placed on the 
altar how many could be saved to 
the church that are otherwise lost ? 
Their petitions for aid to prepare for 
positions of responsibility in the 
church and the world, even if heard, 
are unanswered. There are scores 
of noble young men and women in 
our church who are longing to avail 
themselves of the advantages of a 
collegiate education and can not, be- 
cause of a lack of means. They are 
daily knocking at our doors for ad- 
mission We, with feelings of pain 
and sadness, turn them away. How 
painful and disheartening it must be 
to those anxious, thirsting minds ! 
Harvard spent last year $63,000 
among needy students. What have 
we done ? 

Cotten Mather well said that the 
best thing the Pilgrim Fathers ever 
thought of was the founding of a 
Christian College. The same is true 
of the United Brethren Church. 
Without Lebanon Yalley College 
in the east, the Church would not 
only not hold the young of the 
church, and lose influence and pres- 
tige, but would finally die. The 
College has been the essential 
power in all past history. It is true 
to-day, and ever will be. Alexan- 
der the Great has touched the key- 
note when he said : " Philip gave me 
life; Aristotle taught me how to live 
well." The College, with her re- 
ligious influences, has counteracted 
the atheistic tendencies of the past. 
Her present work is even greater, if 
Christianity will remain pure and 
the permanency of our institutions 
be assured. 



ENDOWMENT. 



That Endowment Fund. 

It is an indisputable fact that has 
been repeatedly verified long ago, 
that no institution of learning can 
be permanently established without 
regular and abundant appropria- 
tions, or without a substantial and 
sufficient endowment fund. 

This is a faithful saying respecting 
educational institutions founded for 
the promotion of secular education. 
It is, however, as much of a necessity 
for the inculcation and dissemina- 
tion of sanctified education. 



Lebanon Valley College urgently 
appeals to all friends of education, 
not for abundant annual appropria- 
tions, but for an adequate endow- 
ment fund, namely — one hundred 
thousand dollars. The inquiry might 
be made, " What are the prospects 
for securing this amount?" The 
reply is : They are hopeful, because 
all the surroundings of L. V. C. are 
of such a character, and are cal- 
culated, and have a tendancy to 
make the institution sufficiently in- 
viting for the solicitation of the 
required amount. 

The healthfulness of the location 
is one of its recomendations. Health 
is regarded as paramount to almost 
any other consideration, and all the 
arrangements and regulations are 
constantly kept in view. The stu- 
dents have abundant opportunity for 
out-door exercise, and the beautiful 
scenery of the vicinity affords attrac- 
tive points for rambles and excur- 
sions. The College is also easy of 
access from all directions. 

The government of the school is 
to be considered that of authority, 
entirely parental and mild, but firm. 
The authority is sustained by reason, 
affection and the Bible. Punish- 
ment is seldom and reluctantly ad- 
ministered. There is no cause to 
doubt the propriety and practicabil- 
ity of thus governing, considering 
the success of the past. 

The teachers of the various 
branches are selected with the great- 
est regard for Christian character, 
competency and faithfulness. The 
president is eminently qualified and 
adapted, from every consideration, 
for the position he holds. 

The courses of instruction are so 
extended and thorough that they 
aim in giving to the students a high 
standard of attainment in a great 
variety of studies. 

The services of a first-class agent 
have also been secured, who in the 
past has been eminently successful. 

What are the most successful 
means or methods for the accom- 
plishment of the above stated object ? 

A sentiment must be created in 
favor of such an endowment. This 
is incumbent principally upon per- 
sons holding public positions in the 
church and especially in the co-ope- 
rating conferences. Hence the fac- 
ulty and trustees of the College, the 
Presiding Elders of the various 
districts, the pastors of the numerous 
charges, and even parents whose 
children are to be educated in the 
future, should be vigorously engaged 
in effecting sentiment conducive to 
the endowment. 

The Bible method of Christian 
giving must be exercised, which is — 
liberality. That is to say, contribute 
bountifully, as was practiced in the 
J primitive Christian church. " And 



he sat down over against the treasury 
and beheld how the multitudes cast 
money into the treasury ; and many 
that were rich cast in much." There 
have been, since the time f of Christ, 
many prominent benefactors of edu. 
cation. George Peabody gave to 
Yale and Harvard one hundred and 
fifty thousand each ; Mrs. Valeria 6. 
Stone, the wife of a Boston mer- 
chant, has bequeathed more than six 
hundred thousand dollars on differ, 
ent American colleges, and John 
Hopkins bestowed three millions to 
found the University of Baltimore. 
These noble contributors gave as the 
Lord prospered them. 

Christian giving should be exer- 
cised sacrificially ; that is to say, the 
contributions should be so munifi. 
cent that the donor feels it either in 
the luxuries of the table, in the su- 
perfluities of the apparel, in the 
denial of worldly pleasures, or until 
he feels it in ail of these. " And 
there came a poor widow, and she 
cast in two mites, which make a far- 
thing. She of her want did cast in 
all that she had, even all her living." 
Webster pathetically and truthfully 
said of this offering to God : " It was 
charity mingled with true benevo- 
lence, given in the fear, the love, the 
service and the honor of God," and 
that the " Divine commendation and 
record of it is a sublimely simple 
story, and has been read and told 
everywhere since the commencement 
of the Christian era." When the 
Alumni assumed ten thousand dol- 
lars, those who subscribed one hun- 
dred dollars toward the responsibil- 
ity generally felt that they had to 
make a sacrifice some how and some 
time. 

Christian giving should be exer- 
cised cheerfully. A happy disposi- 
tion should be promoted and enter- 
tained, and a calm, moderate degree 
of joy manifested for the privilege 
of giving. " Let each man do as J> e 
has purposed in his heart, not grudg- 
ingly, or of necessity ; for u° l 
loveth a cheerful giver." 

Our College Agent, Rev. J- k 
Cray ton, is occupying an oflic" 
position that is not very envi#§ 
and at least apparently thankj^ 
but he is the right man in the rig" 
place, and let all extend to n 1 
christian courtesy and contrij^ 
liberally until it becomes a sacrin • 
and do it cheerfully. Perhaps » 
any of the members in the co-oP^ 
ting conferences are millionaires, 
if all give according to their ahi^ 
the required sum can be re»c 
commensurate with the wants ot 
College. Let many commence m 
ing their income and deposit it 1 
the one-tenth fund. Let there " 
practical recognition of our & ' 
enly Father as the "other pa^ 
in business, and our prosperity 



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etc 
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mi 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



increase in a greater ratio than ever. 

"Bring ye all the tithes into the 
store house, that there may be meat 
[n mine house ; and prove me now, 
herewith, saith the Lord of hosts, if 
I will not open you the windows of 
heaven and pour you out a blessing 
that there shall not be room enough 
to receive it." " Give and it shall be 
given unto you ; good measure, 
pressed down, shaken together and 
running over, shall men give into 
your bosom. And every one that 
has left houses or brethren or sisters, 
or father or mother, or children or 
lands for my name's sake shall re- 
ceive a hundred fold, and shall in- 
herit eternal life." 

H. B. DOHNER. 



iviaO 11 

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Dayton, Ohio, Oct. 15, 1888. 
Dear Bro. Lorenz: Your commu- 
nication of August 2*7, asking me to 
write for your College paper, The 
Forum, an article on the endowment 
of jour school came to hand at just 
such a time, as you know when, be- 
cause of our Conference session and 
what immediately followed it for me, 
I had no time to reply. Words 
written now may be of no service to 
you in the way thus desired, but I 
want to say that I am glad to note, 
that in your efforts to build up Leb- 
anon "Valley College, you are giving 
such prominence to the matter of an 
endowment. W e all see now very 
clearly that in our educational work, 
as a Church, the one mistake has 
been the neglect of the early and 
ample endowment of our institutions. 
And it is now time, and high time, 
that we improve upon these false 
methods and profit by the sad expe- 
riences of the past. It is not too 
late to "gather ourselves up" and 
having gotten well upon our feet, to 
start forth in the way of a new and 
lasting success. The secret of the 
success of our vigorous and grow- 
m g schools of other denominations 
18 their liberal endowment. No one 
doubts this. While the many fail- 
ures or only partial successes re- 
veled in the work of sister Church- 
es are traceable to poverty of endow- 
llts. With your work at Lebanon 
College, the matter sums 
up about thus : Without an 
(le quate endowment you cannot suc- 
^ ee d ; with it you cannot fail. I do 
rust your men of means will see 
* ls ,feel it, and act upon it. 
Your Brother in Christ, 

L. BOOKW ALTER. 



Valley 
itself" 



Miss Nettie Dunn, the National 
ecretary f the Y. W. C. A., spent 
j|P%, October 14th, in Annville. 

*s Dunn delivered a public ad- 
si SS in the colle g e Chapel on Mis- 
1155 on Sunday morning. She took 



The Y. W. C. A. 



a general survey of the work to be 
done in preaching the gospel all over 
the world, and then referred to the 
Y. W. C. A. as one of the Missionary 
organizations which are to evangel- 
ize the world. Miss Dunn is an excel- 
lent speaker and heraddress was much 
enjoyed by all. In the afternoon she 
talked to the students m regard to the 
work of the Y. W. C. A., and after- 
ward effected a regular organization 
of the Y. W. C. A. The young ladies 
had been accustomed to having their 
regular weekly prayer meeting on 
each Sunda}^ evening. But they have 
now adopted the State Constitution 
of the Y. W. C. A. in Colleges. 
There are now fifteen active mem- 
bers and three associate members, 
and the work is taken hold of with a 
good deal of interest. Miss Holt 
was sent as a delegate from the local 
association here to the State Con- 
vention held at Scranton, October 
26th to 28th. 

There is need for just such an or- 
ganization in every college. 

The young ladies in our institu- 
tions of learning will be the leaders 
wherever they go, and it is important 
that they be trained in Christian 
work and able to do efficiently what 
will be expected of them. 

The very training which they need 
for this work is furnished in the Y. 
W. C. A. Every young lady in 
college ought to be a member. 

Young Women's Christian Asso- 
ciation Convention. 

The first convention of the Young 
Women's Christian Association of 
the State of Pa., met at Scranton, 
October 26 to 28th, inclusive. 

The work in Pa. is comparatively 
new as yet and there were not a 
great number of delegates present. 
Those who were there, were there to 
get good from the Convention and 
they did so . 

The sessions were all of interest. 
Friday evening Mr. David McCon- 
aughy, of Philadelphia, gave an ad- 
dress on "The Book for Young Wo- 
men." 

Saturday morning, papers were 
read on different topics, concerning 
College Y. W. C. A. Work. 

During the business session a 
State Constitution was adopted and 
headquarters established at Scranton. 

In the afternoon, Miss Morse, of 
New York, gave a short address on 
"The Winning Power of Sympathy," 
and the city work was discussed. A 
very interesting feature was the 
question drawer, conducted by Miss 
Dunn. 

On Saturday evening, Mr. R. C. 
Morse, of New York, gave an ad- 
dress on "The Relation of the Y. W. 
C. A.'s to one another, and the work 
they can unitedly do." 



Sunday morning a consecration 
service was held in the Y. W. C. A. 
room. During the afternoon a Gos- 
pel meeting was held in the First 
Presbyterian Church, of Scranton, 
and in the evening Miss Dunn gave 
an address in the same place. These 
meetings were all well attended and 
doubtless good results will follow. 
The outlook for the work in Pa. is 
encouraging. 

While special efforts are being 
made everywhere for special classes 
of people, the 3'oung Avomen in our 
colleges and cities might not be 
neglected. No other organization 
works specially for young women as 
does the Young Women's Christian 
Association. 



The Lecture Course. 

The lecture course under the 
auspices of the Philokosmian Liter- 
ary Society promises to excel any 
yet held in the College. The talent 
employed is among the best to be 
secured. 

John DeWitt Miller will deliver 
the opening lecture on November 21, 
when' A. A.Willets,D.D., Belva Lock- 
wood, Thos. H. Murray, and Russell 
H. Conwell will follow in order at 
intervals during the winter. 

It will be noticed that this com- 
pares favorably with many of the 
lecture courses conducted in our 
larger cities. 

A course so excellent as this is 
worthy the support of all lovers of 
the platform. 



What Shall We Play ? 

To play only those pieces which 
we already know cannot serve to 
broaden our conceptions, or give us 
a glimpse of the wide field of work 
before us. This great musical world 
contains much that is good and ele- 
vating ; while again there is too 
much that is of little or no value to 
us. What, then, among the number- 
less musical compositions, shall we 
select for study ? 

What style of music will benefit 
us most ? It is a difficult matter to 
give pieces that will suit all pupils. 
In taking up a new piece of music, 
pupils, in their eagerness to get a 
general effect of the composition, 
scramble over the notes hurriedly 
and then decide in their minds 
whether or not the piece is pleasing. 
We cannot judge of the merit of a 
composition in one practice ; very 
often those pieces that give us most 
pleasure at first are not the greatest 
benefit to us. Pupils should remem- 
ber in all good standard composi- 
tions there is a meaning, hidden, it 
may be at first, but still there, which 
can only be brought out by most 
careful, thoughtful study. What 
seems dark and mysterious, unmusi- 



84 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



cal perhaps, will be revealed as some 
beautiful thought or language, be it 
joyous or sad. Pupils then should 
not be disappointed if at first sight of 
a piece it does not appear pleasing, 
or " catching " as some folks say ; do 
not lose interest, but rather en- 
deavor first to master the technical 
part of it — playing slowly with firm 
touch each note in perfect tune ; 
when this is done and the student 
feels in his brain and fingers that all 
technical difficulties are overcome, 
then with real pleasure he can begin 
to watch the phrasing, expression, 
and some minor points which in 
themselves seem but trivial, but 
when properly executed reveal to us 
the true language of the piece. 

There are pieces which do not re- 
quire this careful study, but such we 
would not recommend to the pupil 
seeking 'development in the musical 
world. What we need most is some- 
thing that will broaden our ideas, 
refine us in every way ; for by na- 
ture we are crude, and need above 
all things that which will lift us to a 
higher sphere, making our thoughts 
purer and more holy. 

Ella Smith. 



Personals. 

[ Any announcement of personals in So- 
ciety items will not be repeated here.] 

Prof. Ebersole filled the pulpit of 
Lebanon Trinity on Sabbath morn- 
ing and evening, the 21st ult. On 
the 28th he preached in the Chapel. 

Rev. F. A. Weidler, of Hummels- 
town, could not fill his engagement 
at the college on the 28th ult., owing 
to ill health. He hopes to be able 
to serve the students some time in 
December. 

Rev. J. G. Steiner, class of '82, 
made a business call on Mr. John 
Saylor, the latter part of the month. 

Mr. Charles Rauch, class of '81, 
was a candidate for the Legislature on 
the Independent Republican ticket. 

Miss Evers and her brother Samuel 
visited their home during the Silver 
Wedding of their parents. After 
Misses Evers and Swartz played the 
Wedding March, Rev. C. I. B. Brane 
announced the formality of the oc- 
casion. Addresses were made apro- 
pos to the event by a number of 
friends. About sixty guests were 
present. Many very handsome pres- 
ents were received. 

Prof. Deaner received a special 
invitation from his cousin, M. F. 
Rohrer, Mayor of Council Bluffs, to 
the grand opening ceremonies of the 
new Wagon and Motor Railway 
Bridge between Omaha and Council 
Bluffs, October 30. 

Miss Evers will leave the 19th inst. 
for Boston, where she will spend a 
term at the New England Conserva- 
tory of Music. During her absence, 



Miss Carrie Eby, class of '87, will 
take charge of her work. The Col- 
lege, as well as Miss Evers, is to be 
congratulated on being able to se- 
cure the services of Miss Eby. She 
is eminently qualified for the positon. 
Her reputation as a pianist and vo- 
calist while at College and her suc- 
cess since graduation assure her 
success. 

Mrs. Geo. A. Mark and daughter 
Sallie returned to their home the last 
of October. They spent several 
months at Cambridgeport, Mass., 
visiting Rev. I. W. Sneath and 
family. 



KATAKEKOMMENA. 



A number of the students went 
home to vote. 

Mr. Adam Browskie, of Lebanon, 
presented to the Museum a collec- 
tion of minerals. 

During the past month the class 
in Physiology has prepared a num- 
ber of microscopic specimens. 

Rev. M. 0. Lane has placed an 
excellent lamp at the entrance to 
Ladies' Hall. He is soliciting funds 
for a new pavement in front of the 
building. 

The season for the public recitals 
was opened on Tuesday, October 23d. 
Those persons present seemed un- 
usually interested in the perform- 
ance. 

The Prohibition Club, Oct. 17, at- 
tended the lecture at Lebanon, given 
by Mrs. Hoffman. They furnished 
part of the music. On the following 
week they furnished the music for 
the lecture given by Mr. Wolfe. 

October 10, the Faculty Quartette 
serenaded President Lorenz. At his 
request they sang a number of selec- 
tions in the parlor. The power of 
music indeed hath charms, for it was 
to him a real feast to the soul. 

October 15, the Seniors had their 
annual chestnut picnic. They report 
having gathered twenty -five quarts. 
One was unable to report for duty 
on the following day because of a 
sprained ankle. 

The mother and youngest sister 
of Mrs. Prof. Lehman gave Professor 
and family a visit. The sister, Mrs. 
Fisher, left on the 26th ult. for her 
new home in Scotland, Dakota. The 
mother is still here. 

The week of prayer for young men 
will begin on the 11th of this month, 
and will be continued during the en- 
tire week. Special topics will be 
discussed by members of the Y. M. 
C. A. during each evening. All 
young people are especially invited. 

The faculty extend to Prof. Snoke 
and lady their deepest sympathies 
in the loss of their youngest child. 
Their affliction is truly great, but 
the blessed thought, a treasure gar- 
nered for eternity to enrich heaven, 



should help them to bear their gri e f 
with full submission. May the means 
used to restore to health the two re. 
maining children be blessed. 

The entertainments of the month 
will be of special interest. Public 
rhetorical by the first division of the 
President's class on the 17th ; a lee- 
ture on the 21st, by John DeWitt 
Miller, on the "Use of Ugliness"; 
a Thanksgiving sermon on the 29th, 
and on the evening of Thanksgiving, 
the anniversary of the Clionian Lit- 
erary Society. 

The Young People's Society of 
Salem's Lutheran Church, Lebanon, 
gave an entertainment in Chapel the 
last of October for the benefit of 
the St. Paul's Lutheran Church of 
Annville. It consistc! ,f recitations, 
and vocal and instrumental music, 
Master Robert Stahl, a lad of six 
summers, won the ac- miration of all 
by his playing of solos on the organ. 
The entertainment was a perfect 
success. 

Oct. 13 was set apart as the- an- 
nual chestnut picnic for the entire 
school. The Juniors had made all 
necessary arrangements. Everyone 
was in high glee over the prospects 
of gathering enough chestnuts for 
the winter. Jupiter Pluvius had not 
been consulted, and to the utter dis- 
may of all, the rain fell in torrents. 
All seemed doomed to disappoint- 
ment, when the Juniors announced 
that instead there would be a sociable 
in the afternoon. Students generally 
attended and pronounced it the so- 
cial event of the term. 

The following programme was 



given : 

Piano Solo— "Wayside Chapel," Wilson. 

Miss Katie Reed. 
Piano Study— -"From Flower to 

Flower," Kullak. 

Miss Ada Philips, 

Vocal Solo— "My Love and I," BelireM- 

Miss Nora Steffy. 

Piano Solo — "Tam O'Shanter," " 

Miss Mame Imboden. 

Piano Solo— Impromptu, Schubert- 

Miss Mary Erisman. ,. 

Vocal Solo— "Last Night," Kjerulf- 

Miss Anna Forney. 

Piano Study— Op. 47. No. 5 Heller. 

Miss Minnie Burtner. 

Piano Solo— Barcarolle, Mayer- 

Miss Ida Bowman. 
Piano Study Cramer- 
Miss Loula Funk. 



LITERARY SOCIETIES. 



Clionian Literary Society. 



Virtute et Fide. 



Miss Sevilla Gensemer, class of '83, 
spent the 27th and 28th ult., at the 
College, visiting Miss Evers. 
Gensemer is teacher of music flt 
Schuylkill Seminary, Frederick 8- 
burg. 

Miss Minnie Harmon of Peters- 
burg, W. Ya., with her friend, Mis s 
Annie TJackenstoe, both former s* w 
dents of the college, were in to^ 11 
visiting the college and friends. 

Arrangements have been made 




■ 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



85 



purchase new music books to be 
usedin chorus singing in the Society. 

Before another issue of The Forum 
the anniversary will be over and we 
wish to see all of our old members 
that can come present. An anniver- 
sary which shall be a credit to all is 
in preparation. 

Miss Linnie Erb spent the 21th 
and 28th ult. at her home in Clay. 
Pa. 

A number of Clionians, who are 
always ready for every good work, 
are active members of the Prohibi- 
tion Club of the college, and are not 
ashamed to show their colors, as 
they wear a beautiful white satin 
badge, on which is the picture of 
Fisk. 

The Philokosmians having for 
their programme on Friday, 26th 
ult., "An Evening with the Ladies," 
thought it fitting to extend an invi- 
tation to the Clionians, which was 
accepted. From the nature of the 
programme and the manner in which 
it was rendered, the evening was 
enjoyed by all. Never before has 
the writer at least felt the need of a 
Philokosmian Literary % Society as 
now. As Philos seem to consider 
woman as such a perfect creature 
while the men occupy such a low 
plane, and, under such considera- 
tions, would it not be well for the 
gentlemen to improve, as " none but 
the good deserve the fair." 



Philokosmian Literary Society. 

" Esse quam ViderV 



Mr. E. S. Bowman interested the 
good people of Amityville, Sunday, 
October 21st, by the manner in 
*Mch he presented the Word of 
Life. 

Messrs. A. H. Gerberich and H. E. 
Backenstoe visited friends in Ann- 
ville recently, not forgetting; how- 
^i', to call on a number of their 
p hilo. brothers. 

Professors Lehman and Bowman 
Paid the Society a very pleasant 
visit Friday evening, the 19th ult., 
*hen the different phases of the life 
ot Dickens were discussed. Come 
a gain, professors. 

The membership of the society at 
P^sent is 41 ; of these 9 are seniors, 

Juniors, 6 sophomores, 7 freshmen. 

."he Lady Teachers and the Cli- 
m ans were present with us Friday 
J v ening, October 26th. A pro- 
j= r ainrne prepared especially for their 

erest, embracing two questions 
^ r discussion, viz. : Resolved, That 
*| Oman's Suffrage would have an 

th 5 ting effect l1 P on the P olitics of 
^day ; an( | ? jj as Prohibition or the 

Per ^' ^' ^ one the mos t f° r Tem- 
tjj anc ® Reform? occupied almost 
entire evening. 

0a t about which the most inter- 



est clusters at present is our Book- 
reception. In the pursuit of other 
departments of society work, the 
library has seemingby been neglect- 
ed. This fact, however, was recog- 
nized a short time ago and set in 
operation a movement which prom- 
ises to fill our shelves with hand- 
some volumes. Our ex-members and 
friends have been carefully written 
to, showing the nature of the moA r e- 
ment, and asking their interest. The 
committee has already been the re- 
cipient of a number of excellent 
works, and* not a little amount of 
national currency. 



Kalozetean Literary Society. 

The work of Society, at present, 
is moving along very nicely. The 
exercises are also growing more in- 
teresting. This was especially marked 
in the last two sessions. 

Friday evening, October 26, was 
given to the political programme, of 
which mention was made in our pre- 
vious report. The programme was 
in many respects interesting and 
profitable. 

Prof. Bowman paid the society a 
visit Friday evening, October 26th. 
We trust he will call many times 
during the present year. 

The Clionian Literary Society has 
been invited to be present at the 
session of Friday evening, Nov. 2. 
We are preparing to give them pleas- 
ant entertainment. The programme 
will be literary in character, and 
based upon the age of Irving. 

Mr. S. J. Evers, in company with 
his sister, spent from October 12 to 
October IT, with his parents at Kee- 
dysville, Md. He reports having 
had a very pleasant time. 

The latest motto chosen by some 
of our members is, " Barkis is 
Willin." Be rather careful gentle- 
men, for " Peggotty " may not be 
similarly inclined. 



SCIENCE. 



We shall be glad to open a query 
corner in this department. Letters 
containing questions should have 
the name of the writer, which will 
not be published. Minerals sent for 
identification should state the lo- 
cality. 

ANSWERS TO QUERIES. 

B. — The mineral is Iron Pyrites, 
sometimes called fool's gold ; it has 
very little commercial value. It is 
used in making Sulphuric Acid. 

C. W., Pittsburg. — Three planets 
are visible now in the evening. Ve- 
nus, near the western horizon ; Jupi- 
ter, east of Venus, and Mars, east of 
the last. 

FARMER, LEBANON CO. 

Cider vinegar is made by allow- 
ing the cider to ferment. The air 



should have free access, and the 
temperature should be kept above 
the freezing point ; allow the fermen- 
tation to pass through the alcoholic 
stage, after which it enters the acid 
stage, when it becomes vinegar. 
Yes, it is the most wholesome vine- 
gar made. 



Astronomical Phenomena for No- 
vember. 

Mercury is now west of the sun, 
and may possibly be seen about the 
1 7th of November, when it is at its 
greatest western elongation and 
rises about one and a-half hours be- 
fore the sun. 

Venus sets about two hours after 
the sun at the beginning of the 
month and two and a-half hours 
after at the end of the month. 

Jupiter and Mars may also be 
seen in the western sky in the eve- 
ning, the three, Venus, Jupiter and 
Mars, forming a very interesting trio. 

The eclipses of Jupiter's Satellites 
can hardly be seen this month, as it 
is approaching too near the sun. 

Saturn rises about midnight on the 
first, and about 10 p. m., on the last 
of the month. It is moving slowly 
eastward, and becomes stationary to- 
wards the end of the month. It is 
only a short distance west of Regu- 
lus in Leo Major. 

Uranus rises about 2:30 a. m.,and 
is about 4° north of Spica Virginus. 

Neptune is 5° south of the Pleiades 
in Taurus. 

CONSTELLATIONS. 

The month of November is, in our 
latitude, the most favorable month 
in the year for the observations of 
constellations, and the best time from 
7 to 10 p. m., and from 3 to 5 a. m. 

The following constellations are 
visible in the evening : Andromeda 
is overhead, and eastward we have 
in order Pisces, Cetus, Aries, Tau- 
rus and Orion a little southeast. 
Northeastward are Perseus, A urega 
and Gemini. Ursa Major is below 
the north pole and Cassiopeia above 
towards the zenith. 

UrsaMinorand Cepheus are north- 
westward. 

Westward are Cygnus, Lyra, Her- 
cules Ophinchus, with Corona and 
Bootes northwest. 

South and southwest are Pegasus, 
Dolphin, Antinus et-Aquilla, Aqua- 
rius, Capricornus, Sagittarius, with 
Scorpio on the southwest early in 
the evening, during the first days of 
the month. 

Meteorology for September. 

The lowest temperature was 32°. 

The highest " " 75°. 

The month, on the whole, was 
cooler than usual, only three Sep- 
tember months in 10 years averag- 
ing a lower temperature. The first 



86 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



frost of the season occurred on the 
7th. 

The month of September showed 
a larger rain fall than any other 
September in 20 j^ears, only three 
entirely fair days occurring in the 
month. 



READER'S CORNER. 



"Getting Ready for a Revival." 

THE PRESIDENT'S NEW BOOK. 

Truth and Christianity, a system 
of truths, is always the same. The 
form or embodiment of truth has been 
quite different in the various ages. 
The brighter the civilization , the more 
progressive the age, the more varied 
is the form and the greater the need 
for it to meet the exigencies of the 
new throbbing life. The complexities 
of the present individual, home and 
social life are much greater even 
than those of our fathers, and to 
keep apace with a decade of our mod- 
ern aggressiveness is as difficult as it 
was to keep abreast fifty years of the 
times of an earlier generation. A 
man may be a genius to himself but 
not for society ; not because he lacks 
energy or profundity, but because he 
is simply out of joint with the times 
in which he lives ; talent and power 
are not wanting, but there is a sad 
lack of tact, a failure to apply the 
power. It is a happy thing to be 
earnest and effective for good to the 
present generation, and it is an un- 
happy thing to be out of gear with 
the times. 

For this reason the teaching and 
preaching of Edwards and Finney, 
if exactly reproduced, would not be 
so effective to-day, however well 
they served their generation. There 
is a call for workers and for a litera- 
ture to serve the present times. This 
little work of President Lorenz, 
though not pretending to be exhaus- 
tive, is quite practical and sugges- 
tive, and to a large extent serves a 
minister in solving the burning prob- 
lem of his heart : "How shall I pre- 
pare for the Revival ?" Few minis- 
ters of the Gospel will read this book 
without being stirred as to the mag- 
nitude of the work and the responsi- 
bility of preparing for it. Every 
live worker will be reaching out for 
help in view of the coming cam- 
paign for souls, and will welcome 
any assistance that can be rendered. 
If you want } r our energies directed 
in the most effective way to meet 
the need of the hour, you can not 
well affox*cl to be without this timely 
work. I bought it as soon as it was 
published. J. I. L. Resler, 

Past. IT. B. Church, Mt. Pleasant, Pa. 

" The Doctrine of Christian Bap- 
tism," by Rev. J. W. Etter, D. D., 
author of " The Preacher and His 
Sermon," is a valuable addition to 



the literature on the subject of Chris- 
tian Baptism. The author has treated 
his subject under four heads : 

Part I. contains a clear and con- 
cise exposition of the distinctions 
between the baptisms, spiritual rit- 
ual, John's ritual baptism, Christ's 
baptism and Christian ritual bap- 
tism, and their relations to each other 
— the nature of baptism. 

Part II. treats of the subjects of 
baptism. The argument includes the 
qualifications for adult baptism, the 
relation of children to the Church 
and a consideration of some of the 
objections to infant baptism. 

Part III. discusses the mode of 
baptism. The journey over this field 
of Polemic strife exhibits skill and 
scholarship and justifies the practice 
of the church of the United Brethren 
in Christ. 

Part IV. presents the ethics of 
baptism — giving no uncertain sound 
with reference to the duty of observ- 
ing this sacrament. A Christian 
spirit pervades the discussion of the 
whole subject ; no extreme views are 
presented and the arguments are 
terse, conclusive and strongly in- 
trenched behind the invincible bul- 
warks of logic and Scriptural teaching 

The work is practical, orthodox 
scholarly and critical, but not cap- 
tious. The style is plain and easy ; 
the language simple and the thought 
clear and penetrating. The whole 
work presents a fair and impartial 
exposition of the subject, and it will 
no doubt be welcomed by a large per- 
centage of the ministry of the 
church, and will be eagerly sought 
by man y of the lany. The book con- 
tains 308 pages, is neatly bound in 
cloth and retails at $1.25. Published 
by the U. B. Publishing House, Day- 
ton, Ohio. S. D. Faust. 

The Forum for November con- 
tains a broad review of Old-World 
politics, by Prof. Arminius Yambery, 
the famous Hungarian author, who 
writes on " Is the Power of England 
Declining? " "Canada and the United 
States," by Prof. Goldwin Smith,who 
believes in ultimate annexation. 
Representative W. C. P. Breckin- 
ridge shows, from a Democratic point 
of view, " How the Tariff Affects In- 
dustry." Charles Dudley Warner 
points out the criminal methods that 
are prevalent of dealing with crimi- 
nals, and contends that the proper 
way is to sentence them to prison 
till they are reformed, whether it be 
one year or a life-time. 

Besides Mr. Atkinson's and Mr. 
W arner's articles, social subjects are 
treated in "After Us— What?" by 
the Rev. Dr. Kendrick. Andrew 
Lang, the British critic, writes se- 
verely of the method of studying po- 
et ry followed by the Browning "soci- 
eties," and indicates wherein Brown- 
ing is a great poet. 



A novel and interesting scientific 
view of the relations of the sexes is 
presented by Prof. Lester F. Ward; 
and the Superintendent of the Nica- 
ragua Canal points out the inevitable 
changes in the direction of the 
world's commerce that will follow 
the completion of this enterprise. 
[The Forum Publishing Company, 
253 Fifth Ave., N. Y., 50 cts. a numl 
ber ; $5 a year.] 

Scribner's Magazine for Novem- 
ber contains a notable group of ar- 
tides by eminent men, two of whom 
— General Philip H. Sheridan and 
Lester Wallack — have recently died. 
It also has the first installment of 
a romantic novel of adventure, 
by Robert Louis Stevenson which 
promises to rival " Kidnapped " in 
popularity. General A. W. Greely, 
A.ugustine Birrell, and W. C. Brown- 
ell are among the contributors, while 
artists like A. B. Frost, William 
Hole, and Rufus Zogbaum have fur- 
nished elaborate illustrations. The 
publishers announce that the comple- 
tion of the second } r ear will be sig- 
nalized by the publication of a very 
interesting and beautiful Christmas 
number. [Charles Scribner's Sons, 
New York, 25 cents a number.] 

The November Century begins 
the thirty-seventh volume and nine- 
teenth year of the magazine ; and 
the number is made notable by the 
beginning of several new series, or 
magazine "features." The most im- 
portant of these is the first install- 
ment of The Century Gallery of 
Old Masters, engraved by T. Cole. 
Another series begun in November 
is Mr. Cable's "Strange True Stories 
of Louisiana." " The Romance of 
Dollard," is by Mrs. Catherwood, 
who is a new author, and has broken 
new ground — Canada in its most ro- 
mantic epoch. The first of Mrs. 
Foote's "Pictures of the Far West," 
a full-page engraving, is given. 

Among the leading contributions 
to this number are interesting install- 
ments of the Life of Lincoln and of 
George Kennan's highly important 
papers on the Siberian Exile system- 

The Guilds of the City of London 
are described by Norman Moore! 
several Unpublished Letters of L° r( 
Nelson are accompanied by two strid- 
ing portraits of the hero of Trafalgar 
Julia Schayer contributes a story 
entitled " Mistaken Promises "; 
Robinson answers, with the aid 
illustration, the interrogative title 
his article, "Where was the p laC , e 
called Calvary?" Murat Halstea* 1 
has a paper on " Gravelotte 
nessed and Revisited ;" Dr. Lyn'J 1 " 
Abbott has a timely and though^" 
essay on the "New Reformation- 

There are Poems by James ^ '" 
comb Riley, George Parsons La f 
rop, Joaquin Miller, T. W. Parsofl 8 ' 
Helen Gray Cone, Edith M. ThoW 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



87 



H 



AS made arrange- 
ments to furnish 



STUDENTS of Leba- 
non Valley College, 
including the Normal 
Department, BOOKS 
AT WHOLESALE 



PRICES. 



Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, 

SILVER PLATED WARE. 



Spectacles a Specialty, 

FITTED TO ANY AGE IN GOLD, SILVER, STEEL, ETC. 
A PERFECT FOCUS GUARANTEED. 



• t C. SMITH, * • 

GKXKRHIi BOOK $WWi 

ANNVILLE, PA., 



WALL PAPER. 

A Full Stock of Latest Styles of 

AMERICAN WALL PAPERS § CEILING DECORATIONS. 



Designs Furnished and Estimates Given. 



Together with a Full 
Assortment of PA- 
PER, ENVELOPES, 
PENS, INKS, and the 
Largest Assortment 
of Blair s Tablets, 
with anything needed 
by a Student. 



J. E. ANDREWS, Manager. 

DIRECTORS : 

James S. Warden, 
E. S. Chenoweth, 

B. F. COUGENHOUR, 

J. S. Braddock, 
J. E. Andrews, 
Jno. M. Staupper. 



B. F. COUGENHOUR, Secretary. JOHN M. STAUFFER, Treasurer. 

MORTGAGE ZDE^^RTMEIt^T 



m 



in 



CAPITAL $50,000. 

First Mortgage Loans Negotiated. 

LA CROSSE, KANSAS. 



Offers to Savings Banks, Insurance Companies, Investors of Trust Funds and Private Investors 

7°/ Guaranteed First Mortgage 
1° Western Farm Loans. 

These Loans are secured by FIRST MORTGAGES on Land worth AT LEAST THREE TIMES amount of Loan. 

Principal and Interest collected by us and remitted to lender freeof charges. 

A pamphlet showing our method of Loaning in detail will be sent on application. 

For any information write to T«r»mATt« 

B. F. COUGENHOUR, Secretary, 

La Crosse, Rush County. Kansas. 



Students, Attention! 



SHORTHAND taught by Mail. 
Easily and quickly learned by new 
plan. Best System. Cheap. Money 
111 it for young men and women. As 
a bread-winning occupation, it is un- 
surpassed. As an aid to men in 
every profession, it is abolutely nec- 
essary. 

Personal attention of competent 
Writer given to every pupil. 

Satisfaction guaranteed. 

Address 

Capitol Short-Hand Bureau, 

Box *97, Washington, D. C. 



A. S. LIGHT & CO., 

Wholesale and Retail Dealers ia 




Hardware, Honsefumisliini Ms, 

PAINTS, OILS AND GLASS. 

Manufacturers of Tin and and Sheet Iron 
Ware ; Plumbing, Tinsmithing, Roofing. 

A Full Line of 

Stoves, Heaters, Ranges and Furnaces, 

43 North Ninth Street, 

Seltzer's Building, LEBANON, PA. 



BEFORE BUVING ELSEWHERE, GO TO 



COHEN & BRO.'S 



iladelohia 




735 Cumberland Street, 



Ranch's Building, 



IX^^Tl IFISKEEc'S HALL, 



LEBANON, PA. 



88 



THE COLLEGE tfORUM. 





FOR GENTLEMEN. 



What to buy for gentlemen, Is a question 
that, to many, is puzzling and ofttimes hard 
to solve ; now we can help you to answer it 
very satisfactorily, and quite to your liking, 
by suggesting the following articles suitable 
to the needs of men, and ask your careful 
inspection : 

Come and See, whether you buy or not. 

NECKWEAR, the largest and best stock in 
Reading. 

MUFFLERS, in Silk, Cashmere and Wool. 
HANDKERCHIEFS, in newest designs. 
HOSIERY, in Wool, Merino, and Cotton. 
GXOVES, for Driving, Working and Dress. 
" in immense variety. 

SUSPENDERS, in Fancy Boxes and otherwise 
SHIRTS for Full Dress. Business. 

" for Men and Boys. 
UNDERWEAR, the best fitting. 

" the best and cheapest. 

AN ELEGANT PRESENT for a Gentle- 
man, one of our English Smoking or Break- 
fast Jackets. They are perfect beauties, and 
you should see them. The price is low. 

Then we have a full and complete line of 

UMBRELLAS, CARDIGAN JACKETS, 

HATS AND CAPS for Men and Boys, 

FUR CAPS, FUR TURBANS, 

in fact everything lound in a well-stocked 
Men's Furnishing Goods Store. The prices 
are low. We can convince you of this, when 
you come. 

N. JJ. SPRECHER & CO., 

537 PENN SQUARE, READING, PA. 



Reverting Fund Assurance 

ASSOCIATION. 

GUAKANTEE, • - • $1,000,000.00. 



It is conducted on the REVERTING FUND 
SYSTEM. 

Meets with popular favor wherever intro- 
duced. Embodies the cheapness of the "AS- 
SESSMENT PLAN" and the security of the 
LEVEL PREMIUM PLAN." 

Is Superior and unlike any other plan of 
Life Insurance. Affords the same benefits in 
case of death as that of any other Insurance, 
and is the only system that guarantees the 
insured a benefit at stated periods during 
life in excess of the premiums paid. 

Actuaries and insurance men generally 
pronounce it the "acme " of insurance plans. 

Plan circulars will be mailed to any one on 
request. 

J»5F General and Soliciting Agents wanted 
throughout the United States. Terms su- 
perior to those offered by any other company. 
Address, 

H. V. MOHN, Pres't. 

15 North Fifth Street, 

Reading, Penn'a. 



Kates of Advertising in the Col- 
lege Forum. 





1 year. 


9 mo. 


6 mo. 


3 mo. 


1 mo 


1 page . . 


. 936 00 


$28 00 


$20 00 


$12 00 


$7 00 


X Page . . 


. 20 OJ 


16 00 


12 00 


8 00 


5 00 


14 p. or col. 


. 15 00 


12 00 


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. 12 00 


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. 9 00 


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W. O. HERR, 

HHRDMHRE, 

ANNVILLE, PA. 



LEMBERGERS 

COMPOUND 

FOR 

COUGHS, COLDS, SORE THROAT, 

Are pronounced the Rest. Prepared 
and sold only by 

JOS. L. LEMBERGER. 

DRUGGIST, 

Ninth, Near Cumberland, Lebanon, Fenna, 

25 Cents a Box. 

Try these before using any other kind 



Liver Complaint, Dyspepsia, Chronic 
Diarrhoea, Piles, Constipation, Dysentery, 
Intestinal Worms, Chills and Fever, Sick 
Headache, Rheumatism, KidneyDisease, Neu- 
ralgia, Syphilis, Consumption, Bronchitis and 
Nasal Catarrh, Scrofula, Diseases of the Blad- 
der, Uterine Disorders, Private or Secret Dis- 
eases of both sexes, Salt-Rheum, Eruptions 
of the Skin, Ulcers and Old Sores, Tetter, 
Tumors, Cancers, Brown Spots, Freckles, 
Epilepsy, St. Vitus' Dance, Paralysis, Heart 
Disease, Fistula, Chronic Coughs, &c, are 
treated with great success by 

(at the Drug Store), 223 North Sixth Street, 
Reading Pa., Cancers and Tumors Removed 
Without the Knife, by Special Treatment. All 
cases thoroughly examined, and the true 
nature of the disease and possibility of cure 
conscientiously disclosed. Tuesdays and 
Saturdays reserved for patients coming from 
a distance. Consultation in Person or by Letter 
One Dollar. Charges made satisfactory to all 
patients. 

1 y. 



First-Class Work. 
Satisfaction Guaranteed. 
Moderate Prices. 

The Weto Era 
$t printing Houge. 

O.-r establishment is fully equipped with 
Material and Printing Machinery with 
special regard to the prompt execution in 
any style, of all orders for books, newspaper- 
work, catalogues, price-lists, and every style 
of commercial printing. Sale bills and post- 
ers a specialty. We have just added num- 
bering, perforating, eyeleting and other ma- 
chinery, as well as a number of new tvne 
faces which, together with our large variety 
of different qualities of paper, give us unsur- 
passed facilities. Estimates furnished. Or- 
ders will receive prompt attention. 

3 S. Queen St., Lancaster, Pa. 

WAR f EL & 6EIST, PROPRIETORS. 



Farmers' and Builders' Hardware, Paints, 
Oils, Shovels, Bakes, Forks, Pumps, Hoes 
and Chains, Baby Carriages, Express 
Wagons, and All Kinds of Lamps. 



EVERYTHING IN THE 



The Best, Quickest and Safest Remedy 
for Pain of All Kinds. 

The Rheumatic Porous Plaster will Cure 
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Lumbago, Back- 
ache, Pleurisy, Asthma, Kidney and Liver 
Disorders, Lung and Throat Affections, 
Stitches in the Side, Stiffness of the -Joints, 
Weakness and Pain of all Kinds. Ask for 
Ross' Rheumatic Porous Plaster. Price, 25 
Cents. Sent free ot postage on receipt of 
money. Address all letters to the proprietors, 

DR. GEO. ROSS & CO., 

DRUG-GUSTS. 

Opposite the Court House, Lebanon, Pa. 

1-6 mo. 



1680. 



1885. 



J. H. MILLER, 




S. W. Cor. 8th I Willow Sts M 

LEBANON, PA. 



All Companies First-Class. 



3 in 



C. SHENK, 

DEALER IN 

FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC 

Dry Goods 



NOTIONS, Etc., 

814 Cumberland St.. 

LEBANON, PA. 



2iy 



Lebanon Valley College. 



VOL. I. 



ANNVILLE, PA., DECEMBER, 1888. 



[.NO. 12. 



EDITORS. 

FACULTY. 

Rev. E. S. Lorenz, A. M., B. D., President. 
H, Clay Deaner, A. M., Professor of Latin. 
Geo. W. Bowman, A. M., Professor of Science. 
J. E. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 
Rev. VV. S. Ebersole, A. M., Professor of Greek. 
Miss Alice M. Evers, B. 8., 

Professor of Instrumental Music. 
Miss Ella Smith, M. A., 

Professor of Vocal Culture. 
Miss Etta R. Hott, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor of Art. 



ASSOCIATE EDITORS 
Clionian Society— Miss Loula S. Funk. 
Philokosmian Society— Rev. S. D. Faust. 
Xalozetean Society— J. T. Spangler. 



PUBLISHING AGENT. 
Rev. M. O. Lane, Financial Agent. 



All communications or items of news 
should he sent to the President. Subscrip- 
tions should he sent to the Publishing 
Agent. 

THE COLLEGE FORUM will be sent 
monthly for one year on receipt of twenty- 
five cents. Subscriptions received at any 
time. 

For terms of advertising, address the 
Pnblishing Agent. 



Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 



EDITORIAL. 



The College Forum completes its 
fr^t year with this issue. It bears 
greetings to its many readers and 
^knowledges gratefully the kind 
patronage it has received. The cre- 
ation of The College Forum was not 
shaping of a mere fancy. It was 
Sieved that our people and the in- 
vests of the college demanded such 
a Publication ; and the year's expe- 
J en ce has proven the belief to have 
bee n well founded. The time and 
*W expended, the publication and 
' st ribution have been liberal, and 
^ e whole has been a profitable in- 
es tment. We have on hand consid- 
erable enthusiasm to endow the next 
^lume. The College Forum, in 
s j*m O n wi th all other things, being 
^J e ct to change, has put on new 
re twice during theyearand needs 



another new dress before it shall be 
an embodiment of the good taste of 
the editorial staff. We deeply regret 
that the editorial work has not been 
completely organized since Septem- 
ber last on account of the severe ill- 
ness of President Lorenz. We would 
remind our readers that with this is- 
sue many subscriptions expire which 
we hope will be renewed at once. 
Twenty-five cents may seem insignifi- 
cant to you, but many of them means 
life to us. The Forum wishes you a 
merry Christmas and a happy New 
Year. 



For one year, kind readers, you 
have enjoyed the acquaintance of 
The Forum. We think it only needs 
to be laid before our friends to be 
subscribed for at once by hundreds 
to whom it is a stranger, save by 
reputation. We must depend upon 
our present subscribers to speak a 
good word in our behalf to their 
friends. We have no agents. All 
the work is gratuitous. The return 
for all that is done must be the con- 
sciousness of helping a good work, 
of sowing seed that will make the 
time ripe for large giving, of making 
a purer and simpler Christianity, and 
a more educated and spiritual church. 
The more you help to circulate The 
Forum, the more you enable us to 
make it better, more helpful to Leb- 
anon Valley College, the Church, 
your children and yourselves. Will 
you kindly help us ? Let each sub- 
scriber and reader send us four new 
subscribers at least. Sample copies 
will be sent for the purpose to all 
who wish them. 



If ministers, alumni and friends 
really knew how much their co-oper- 
ation is appreciated and how helpless 
Lebanon Valley College is without 
it, there would be a grand rally. In 
a few more ]weeks the Winter term 



will open. Many young people in 
our church are seriously considering 
whether or not they should attend 
college. A word, a suggestion from 
pastor or friend may bring them to 
college. A failure to come may 
make their life a pitiful disgrace. 
Their coming or not may decide the 
future, whether it is to be a large 
success, or a mere existence. An 
opportunity unimproved is a wrong. 



Every parent is ambitious to give 
his children an inheritance, a dowery. 
No labor and sacrifice are too great 
in the achievement of this noble pur- 
pose. Indeed personal privations 
are often made that wealth may be 
amassed for children. It is right to 
make provisions for the future hap- 
piness of children. In the provisions 
are conditions that are too often 
overlooked. The endowments of our 
children are a proof that they are to 
be developed, and in proportion to 
their development will be the child's 
happiness and capacity to know God 
and read Him in the things about 
him. A dowery of money is good, 
but a dowery of enlarged manhood, 
a symmetrical being, is better. It is 
above price and brings the purest 
joys. 



In a few days the work of another 
term will be completed. Long and 
difficult were the steps. Many were 
the missteps. Failures were made, 
armies were broken, yet victories 
were won. It is pleasant to contem- 
plate what has been well done. The 
little of the sombre has only bright- 
ened the good. The term has been 
most successful. Students have 
worked faithfully. They need the 
rest that vacation brings. We hope 
that the homes that were deprived of 
the association of their children, may 
be requited by the large manhood 



90 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



and womanhood into which their 
children have grown while at college. 
Many go home Christians who had 
not tasted of a Savior's love while 
at home. The prayer-meeting room 
of Lebanon Yalley College will ever 
be fresh in their memories. 

If a college would be a machine 
to fit men for responsible positionss 
without individual effort, numberless 
would be its students. But its great 
work is to build men, not make them ; 
to expand, not to give talent; to 
make broad, yet simple and docile. 
No diploma furnishes a safe transit 
over the Sodoms and the rugged 
Alps at reduced rates, much less on 
velvet lawns. " Some men are born 
great, others have greatness thrust 
upon them," but the truly great 
achieve greatness by dint of toil and 
merit. 



Protestant or Koman Catholic? 

Joseph Cook thinks that the new- 
est question for the American people 
to consider to-day is the attack ol 
the Jesuits upon our public school 
system. The plan of attack has 
been well laid and the advance 
steady, until now the battle is well on 
in some parts of our country. The 
plan has been gradually to remove 
Protestant school directors and to 
put Roman Catholics in their room, 
until Catholicism, by a balance of 
power, should select the teachers and 
the text books and bend all to its 
own indomitable will. What disas- 
ter is there in this ? Ask the people 
of Boston where the battle wages 
hottest, in some of whose wards the 
Jesuitical influence has introduced 
text books in history, declaring that 
Luther and other Protestant leaders 
were men of grossest immorality, 
while Loyola and his followers were 
saints, that the Pope's Church has 
ever been, is now, and always will 
be right and infallible, while all de- 
nominations of Protestants are 
wrong and full of corruption. To 
allow our children to be brought up 
under such instruction is extremely 
perilous, not only to them but to the 
true christian Church. We will not 
submit to it, neither will the Pope's 
adherents yield their children to be 
trained up under the influence of the 
Protestant Bible, Protestant teach- 
ers and Protestant text books. 
Therefore, the crisis is on. Roman 
Catholics already have drawn off 
their children from the public schools 
to their own Parochial schools in 
every city and town large enough to 
support them, and claim that the 
whole matter of education belongs 



to the Church rather than to the 
State. And we are not ready to deny 
wholly that the Church's duty is not 
herein rightly defined, and we cannot 
shut our eyes to the tendency of the 
age to .yield up the educational inter- 
ests of our land entirely to the 
Church, when they will be shared 
between the Church of Rome and 
the Protestant Church. This prin- 
ciple of division is becoming more 
distinct and prominent continually 
among our higher institutions of 
learning — for our governmental, so- 
called secular, and ever multiplying 
Protestant christian schools may be 
termed Protestant in distinction from 
Roman Catholic institutions — and is 
now dividing the schools of lowest 
grade. 

If this conflict is to be equal, Pro- 
testant institutions must be as thor- 
oughly equipped as Roman Catho- 
lic; if Protestantism is to be tri- 
umphant, her institutions must be 
superior. 

Say you there is no danger ? Are 
you aware that the hill tops of this 
country, and especially the west, are 
being crowded rapidly with Roman 
Catholic institutions, pompous in 
architecture and wanting nothing in 
equipment ? We may wake up some 
day to find ourselves inferior in the 
number and efficiency of our Church 
schools, and may wage this war at a 
great disadvantage. 

It becomes the duty then of every 
"denomination," in order to pre- 
serve itself and the Protestant cause, 
to nurture all its institutions to sur- 
passing strength. To nurture a col- 
lege or university to such power 
means to strengthen its faculty, im- 
prove its architecture and furniture, 
increase its library, beautify its 
grounds and supply it with a most 
liberal amount of philsophical appa- 
ratus. But all these things are made 
possible only by an increase of re- 
source. Whence must come this in- 
crease ? It must come from that "de- 
nomination," and that part of it in 
which the institution is located. 
Every field must produce its own 
harvests. Let every man decide 
where is duty. 

Roman Catholicism suffers its in- 
stitutions to want nothing, and the 
superiority of their equipments de- 
mands a remarkably large financial 
support. But why must Protestant 
colleges and universities continually 
go begging ? Wiry are the} r hobbled 
and crippled, even holding the 
breath of life with great struggle '! 
The cause must be either financial 
inability or indifference. But it can 
not be the first, for the Protestants 
of America rank above the Roman 
Catholics in wealth. Must we then 
conclude the latter ? How can we 
avoid it ? We are indifferent who 
claim that to us God has intrusted 



his unadulterated truth ! indifferent 
in the face of this approaching crisis ! 
Let Protestantism, and hence every 
denomination of Protestant chris- 
tians, be on the alert to strengthen 
and fortify its institutions by liberal 
endowment, the only assurance of 
permanency and efficiency. It is 
not only a duty, but also an oppor- 
tunity to exercise brotherly love and 
exhibit devotion to the best interests 
of Christ's kingdom. "Whatsoever 
you do, do all to the gloiy of God." 

Alumnus Second. 



Florence Helen Lehman. 

At noon on November 29th, 1888, 
Florence Helen Lehman, youngest 
daughter of Professor and Mrs. J. E. 
Lehman, died in Annville, aged sis 
years and twenty-three days. 

Twice has death entered the home 
of our esteemed Professor. A son 
and daughter have been taken from 
them to beautify and enrich heaven. 
Helen was a bud of promise, the fa- 
vorite of every one ; sweet, gentle, 
loving and kind r carrying happiness 
with her everywhere. For over 
seven weeks she patiently bore her 
suffering. In it all, her sweet dispo- 
sition was even sweeter and more 
beautiful. At three different times 
she recovered, giving hope to her 
parents and friends that she would 
be spared to them. The Lord has 
gathered her home, a precious jewel 
in the purity of her innocence. Dear 
parents, Helen is not dead. Christ 
has taken her in his arms and shall 
carry her in his bosom. She lives, 
safe from sin. clad in heavenly grace 
among the white-robed throng in 
heaven, singing endless praises. In 
this sore affliction Professor and Mrs. 
Lehman had full confidence in a 
Savior's love, and the kindness of a 
good Heavenly father who doeth all 
things well. They were loth to part 
with their dear Helen. She was to 
them a rare treasure, yet " the Lord 
has given, and the Lord has taken 
away, blessed be the name of the 
Lord," was the expression of their 
hearts. They had the united sympa- 
thy of the faculty, students and citi- 
zens. Two children, Reba and Ma*S 
are left them. Our earnest prayer is 
that they may be spared to bless their 
home, and grow into ndble woman- 
hood and manhood. 

h. c. D. 



Lebanon Valley College. 

God be thanked for the noble m e J 
and women who gave and sacrifi° e 
to establish Lebanon Valley Collet- 
How many praj'ers have ascended & 
her behalf? How the answers ha v g 
come down in gentle benediction 
upon her. How dear to man}' 
What pleasant memories clu st 



THE COLLEGE EORTJM. 



around her. Our sons and daugh- 
ters have there grown and developed 
in noble manhood and womanhood. 
Many have been born into the king- 
dom of God, while hundreds have 
been reconsecrated to God and the 
church. Such spiritual awakening 
and manifestation of the presence of 
God language fails to describe. What 
a glorious season of sweet commu- 
nion there was during the term. A 
christian college 1 What is it not 
worth to a community, to a church. 
Can its value be reckoned in currency? 
How many homes have been blessed 
and enriched because their children 
have become purer in thought and 
desires, richer in christian experience 
and love, stronger in faith, broadened 
in their views of life and better pre- 
pared to be useful to the church, and 
are made better citizens. The good 
seeds are only beginning to ripen. 
The great harvest will be gathered 
in the future. 

If our own dear college has done 
so much for us, what are our obliga- 
tions to her? Can we ever repay 
her? What would we have been 
without her ameliorating influence 
upon our lives ? None can tell. The 
least we can say is that she has won- 
derfully blessed us. 

There is no other institution in the 
East that is better adapted to the 
wants of our church than Lebanon 
Valley College. Our children need 
training in a United Brethren college 
to become good United Brethren. 
Lebanon Valley College offers equal 
advantages to ladies and gentlemen. 
It requires of its students honest 
work and enough of it. It regards 
the forming of right habits and good 
character of even greater importance 
than mental culture. It is a safe 
place to put our sons and daughters. 
Where will children be free or safe 
from the evils of the world ? What 
child does not hear the grossest pro- 
fanity from the door of his own 
home. 

The prayer meetings of Lebanon 
valley College are a proof against 
the temptations to which the young 
*re subject while away from home. 
Ihe Faculty are faithful to parents 
ln guarding the moral and religious 
growth of children intrusted to their 
c ! 1 ^__ A Patro n. 

JUICES FROM THE PAStT 

A Heathen on Friendship. 

Now, friendship is nothing other 
nan the agreement of opinion on all 

ln g8 human and divine, in connec- 
ts withkinduessand esteem; indeed 

an 2i* hich 1 do not know whether 
ythmg better, wisdom excepted, is 
|j e n to mortal man by the gods, 
health prefer ric hes, others good 
and ' S ° me P ower > otliers honors, 
many pleasure. Indeed this 



last is of beasts ; moreover the for- 
mer objects are fleeting and uncer- 
tain, bestowed, not so much accord- 
ing to our plans, as after the fickle- 
ness of nature. Whereas those who 
place the highest good in virtue do 
excellently ; but virtue itself both 
begets and restrains friendship, nor 
can friendship exist without virtue. 
Already from the usage of real life 
and our conversation let us interpret 
virtue ; and let us not m'easure it by 
the magnificence of words, as certain 
learned do, and let us number those 
men among the good who are so re- 
garded — the Pauli, the Catos, Gali, 
Scipios and Phili : with these com- 
mon life is content ; let us moreover 
pass by those who are not to be 
found anywhere. Therefore, among 
such men, friendship has such ad- 
vantages as I can scarcely describe. 
In the first place how can a life be 
worth living, as Ennius says, which 
does not repose on the mutual be- 
nevolence of a friend ? What is 
sweeter than to have one to whom 
you may dare to speak all things as 
with yourself? Where would be so 
great enjoyment in prosperity un- 
less you should possess equally those 
things and the enjoyment delight 
you? 

Truly adversity would be difficult 
to bear without that which would 
bear them more grievously than you. 
Finally, other things which are 
sought are severally suited almost 
always for particular ends only : 
riches that you may use them; power, 
that you may be honored ; honors, 
that you may be lauded ; pleasures 
that you may enjoy them ; health, 
that you may be free from grief, and 
employ the functions of the body. 
Friendship includes many advan- 
tages. As you turn away from your- 
self, it is present. It is excluded 
from no place, nowhere is it unsea- 
sonable, nowhere irksome. We do 
not use water and fire on more occa- 
sions than friendship. I am not 
now speaking of the vulgar and or- 
dinary, yet that both delights and 
assists, but of the real and perfect, 
such was of those, a few of whom 
were mentioned. For friendship 
makes prosperity more splendid, 
adversity more light, by dividing 
and communicating. 

And while friendship includes very 
many and great advantages, she 
without a doubt excels all in 
this thing, that she shines forth over 
the future with a good hope and 
does not suffer the spirit to be 
weakened or to sink. For truly he 
who beholds a friend, beholds an- 
other image of himself. Wherefore, 
absent they are present, and in need 
they are rich, and sick they are 
healthy, and what is most difficult to 
say, dead, they are alive. So great 
honor, memory and desire of friends 



follow them. From which the death 
of these seems happy, the life of 
those praiseworthy. But if you take 
away from the nature of things the 
nature of benevolence, neither a 
house or a city will be able to stand ; 
not even the cultivation of the field 
will continue. If it is not understood 
how great is the power of friendship 
and harmony, from quarrels and dis- 
cord it can be seen ; for what home 
is so stable, what state so firm, that 
it can not be overthrown by hatred 
and dissensions. From which it can 
be judged how much good there is 
in friendship. 



Personals. 

[ Any announcement of personals in So- 
ciety items will not be repeated here.] 

Dr. J. W. Etter preached in the 
Chapel on the 25th ult. His words 
were endited by the Spirit and came 
fresh from a warm heart. 

Prof. W. B Bodenhorn, Supt. of 
Lebanon county, who has been con- 
fined to his room for the past nine 
weeks, is convalescing. His illness 
was brought about by exposure du- 
ring the cold weather last year, while 
in the discharge of his official duties. 
His many friends rejoice that he will 
soon be able to resume his work 
among us. 

Mr. Jonas Stehman and Mr.Myers, 
of Mountville, visited their children 
on Thanksgiving. 

Mr. A. C. Rigler, class of '70, has 
sprained his ankle and can not walk, 
save with crutches. 

Mr. Willie and Miss Temperance 
Wyand, during the celebration of 
their parents' silver wedding, re- 
ceived a purse of twenty-five dollars, 
each, from their father. 



KATAKEKOMMENA. 



Union Thanksgiving services were 
held in the chapel. Dr. Heister, of 
the Reformed Church, and Rev. J. R. 
Meredith delivered appropriate ad- 
dresses. The music by the choir 
was of special character. The solo, 
" Nearer My God to Thee," by Miss 
Smith, was excellent. 

The Y. M. C. A. observed the week 
of prayer for young men. The meet- 
ings were largely attended and the 
spirit of God was manifested in a re- 
markable degree. There were over 
a dozen conversions. It was a grand 
sight to behold teachers and students 
praying and laboring to lead souls to 
Christ. All of the boarding students 
save two are professing christians. 

The P. 0. S. of A., of Annville, are 
now putting two National flags and 
a shield with a flag painted on, con- 
taining thirteen stars, in all the pub 
lie schools of North and South Ann 
ville. This act is most praiseworthy 

Miss Hott and Professors Bow 



92 



THE COLLEGE FOKUM. 



man and Deaner attended the Teach- 
ers' Institute, at Lebanon, the last of 
November. Prof. Bowman addressed 
the Institute on The Teacher's Prep- 
aration. 

Mr. J. Frank Smith, a former stu- 
dent, was married, on Thanksgiving, 
to Miss Annie Heilman, of Jones- 
town. They visited Niagara, Phila- 
delphia and New York, We tender 
our congratulations, that their wed- 
ded life may be as calm and serene 
as was their marriage day. 



LITERARY SOCIETIES. 



Clionian Literary Society. 

Virtute et Fide. 



The Anniversary is' past and the 
Society enters upon the work of a 
new year. A grand field for untold 
improvement is open before us. We 
have more to accomplish than ever 
before, therfore let us, keeping our 
motto in view, work with renewed 
zeal, for " There is no excellence 
without labor." 

The Societ}'- accepted an invitation 
to visit the Kalozeteans ou Novem- 
ber 2. An excellent programme was 
rendered and we were profitably and 
pleasantly entertained. The music 
deserves particular attention, as be- 
ing very good. We enjoy these vis- 
its and hope to have the society re- 
turn our call some time during the 
year. ' 

Miss Nettie Swartz, of New Ox- 
ford, class of '88, was in Annville 
over Thanksgiving, visiting friends. 

Misses Linnie Erband Katie Reed 
spent November 24th at Miss Erb's 
home, the occasion being the Silver 
wedding anniversary of Miss Erb's 
parents. A joyful time was had 
while the " Bells of Shannon " rang 
long and clear. 

Misses Annie and Sadie Backen- 
stoe and Mary Bucher, ex-members 
of the society, attended the anni- 
versary. 



Clionian Anniversary. 

The exercises of the fifteenth an- 
niversary of the Clionian Literary 
Society were held in the College 
Chapel Thursday evening, Novem- 
ber 29th, 1888. "The rostrum had 
been very tastefully decorated dur- 
ing the day and presented a very 
pleasing appearance to the many 
friends who had assembled to enjoj r 
the exercises. Quite a number of 
the ex-members and visitors from a 
distance were present. At half past 
seven o'clock the members of the 
Society took their places on the plat- 
form, with the regular officers occu- 
pying their respective chairs. 

The regular order of exercises, 
such as are usually observed in the 



Society hall every Friday evening, 
were carried out. 

After a brief address of welcome 
by the President in which, in behalf 
of the members of the Society, she 
welcomed the visitors and friends, 
aiid set forth the aim and character 
of the work done by the Society, 
the Misses Imboden and Forney 
sang a duet entitled " The Birds that 
Sang in May." 

To the calling of the roll each lady 
responded with a quotation from 
some authoress. 

Devotional exercises were then 
conducted by the chaplain. After 
the Scripture-reading the Society 
chanted the Lord's prayer. 

Miss Ada Philips rendered a selec- 
tion from Schulhoff in a most excel- 
lent manner. 

Miss Katie S. Reed followed with 
an oration, " Remembered by What 
We Have Done." She showed how, 
in every department of life, the men 
and women of action are those whose 
lives have a life after life. In science 
we remember Galileo on account of 
the work he did for science, in liter- 
ature Shakespeare. We are remem- 
bered not only by the great deeds, 
but often what we considered a mat- 
ter of little importance may cause us 
to live in the memories of those about 
us. How important, then, that all 
along life's pathway we guard well 
our actions and seek to do those 
things which will cause us to be re- 
membered as having faithfully per- 
formed the work that was ours. 

The essayist of the evening, Miss 
Lillian Quigley, presented an excel- 
lent paper on " The Lady with the 
Lamp." She gave a faithful picture 
of the life and character and work of 
the heroine of the Crimean war. In 
her character there were combined 
gentleness and firmness, sympathy 
for all mankind, wonderful executive 
ability and unbounded love for the 
sick and dying. Her work was wholly 
one of self-sacrifice and love, and her 
life was spent in serving others. For 
this reason will the name of Florence 
Nightingale live as long as the an- 
nals of English History endure. 

One of the most enjoyable features 
of the evening was the organ and 
piano duet rendered by the Misses 
Funk and Forney. 

Miss Josephine Kreider recited, in 
a most charming manner, the " Gipsy 
Flower Girl:" The young lady for- 
got herself in her recitation, and 
made the scenes represented seem 
very real. 

Mrs. Alice R. Heagy, an ex-mem- 
ber of the Society, gave an oration 
on "Criticism— A Standard." She 
showed how the great end of criticism 
is improvement, and to secure this 
end there must be a criterion by which 
to do our reckoning. Formerly only 
works of Art were criticized, while 



i 

now every work and its author, every 
subject or item of interest in a sense 
becomes passive and patiently awaits 
the approving smile or the frown of 
condemnation from the potent agen. 
cies that criticism employs. Critics 
guide the public judgment. We 
must, however, have a standard of 
criticism. Nature is the standard of 
taste, court of law and Scripture of 
Theological truth. " We criticise 
half-finished work. No art, no char- 
acter, no nation of the world illus- 
trates a consummate civilization, 
Criticisms are but the judgments of 
the world's half-finished men on the 
world's half-finished affairs." 

Miss Ella M. Smith delighted the 
audience with the " Swiss Echo 
Song," and responded to the hearty 
encore with ''Aye." 

Miss Mary Erisman presented the 
arguments in the affirmative of the 
question : Resolved, That Roman- 
ism is threatening the free institu- 
tions of our Government. She 
showed the rapid growth of the Ro- 
man Catholic Church, its aim at 
temporal power, the stong domi- 
nation of Jesuits and the opposition 
of Rome to the education and en- 
lightenment of the masses. From 
its nature it stands opposed to our 
free institutions, and in our own 
country it is growing so rapidly as 
to threaten the overthrow of these 
free institutions. 

Miss Sadie Flick took up the argu- 
ments of the negative. She had no 
defense to offer for the customs and 
practices of the Roman church, but 
did not think its growth such as to 
be portentous of evil to our institu- 
tions. Although it exists and will 
probably long exist as an outward 
institution, it is really growing 
weaker. It belongs to a past civili- 
zation and wdl not accommodate 
itself to the enlightenment and pro- 
gress of the times. True, it stands 
opposed to the education of the 
masses ; but the masses are becom- 
ing educated, and on that account 
is its downfall the more assured. 

Romanism is built on fallacies, 
while our free institututions are 
grounded in justice and truth, and 
have nothing to fear from the errors 
of Rome. 

Miss Lillie Myer's interpretation 
of the Spinlied by Litolff was muck 
appreciated by all. 

The Society paper, The 0U$- 
Branch, was read by the Editress 
Miss Ella Saylor. 

After the vocal quartette by ^ 
Misses Reed, Lane, Forney and W 
isman, the Society adjourned. 

All were well pleased with the &' 
ercises, and the Society is to be coo* 
gratulated upon the excellent char' 
acter of the program presented. 




THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



93 



Kalozetean Literary Society. 

The nomination of officers took 
place November 30. The election of 
officers will occur December 7th, and 
the installation December 14th. 

The question for debate on the 
above date was : Resolved, That we 
are indebted more to the college than 
to the home for our advancement. 

Messrs. E. 0. Burtner and C. B. 
Pennypacker paid the Society a visit 
November 30th. Other visitors, who 
were formerly active members, and 
who spent Thanksgiving at this 
place, were Rev. J. A.. Lyter, of 
Mountville, Pa.; Rev. U. S. G. Renn, 
of Manheim, Pa.; Rev. C. B. Gruber, 
of Woodbury, Md., and Mr. Gr. E. 
Moody, of Newville, Ind. 

The program for December 14th 
will be based upon -home, and will 
consist of a biography of John How- 
ard Pa}aie, readings, declamations, 
essays and addresses. 

At the late revival held in the Col- 
lege, four of the members were con- 
verted. All, except one, are now 
Christians, for which the Society 
feels very thankful. 

All enjoyed Thanksgiving very 
much, with the exception of one who 
seems to have indulged his appetite 
a little too far and thus ate too much 
turkey. Let us never forget that 
we can eat too much, even of a 
Thanksgiving turkey. 

Several of the gentlemen whose 
motto was announced in the former 
items have since informed me that 
il Peggotty " is willin'. Of course 
they don't have her yet, and let me 
warn them once more. Boys, be on 
the look out for "Jimmy Steerforth" 
or you might have to pass through 
the experience of " Ham." 

The first public rhetorical of Presi- 
dent's class was given on October 
^th, the second on October 20th, 
the third on November 1st. It is 
evident that our students give more 
thorough preparation to this work 
than formerly, both in subject mat- 
ter _ and delivery. The variety of 
topics presented" is noticeable. Prac- 
tlc al, speculative, retrospective, lite- 
rai T and questions of the day, all 
ba ve their place. The music was 
Specially good and thoroughly -en- 
joyed by all. 

y FIRST DIVISION. 

ocal Trio— Breezes so Softly 

Sighing, Campana. 

Misses Wolfe. Reed and Forney. 

p. INVOCATION. 

ao Solo-Polish National Dance, 

Orati^,. . Mi - ss Ella Mover Hcarwenka. 

^tion-Man's Work....... 

0ra«„ W. H. Kindt. 

«tion-The Rubicon of Life,.. 
Piarm o , A. A. Long. 

"oijolo— "Scene de Bal" (Galop), Joseffy. 
Oratir. ,. Miss Ada Philips. 

■uon— The Bright Side of Failure, 
^ oeai o , Loula Funk. 

1 kolo— "Entreaty," C. Bohm. 

Oratir . Miss Emma Wolfe. 
"on-Human Progress, 

Option it B - F- Daugherty. 

won— Evangeline 

p ian ft r» S. D. Faust. 

Uuet— Galop Brilliant*,... 

Mrs. Faust and Miss Funk. 



SECOND DIVISION. 

Ladies' Chorus—The Miller's Song,. . .Zoellner. 

INVOCATION. 

Piano Solo— "Valse de Concert," Mattie. 

Miss Lillie Myers. 

Oration — Our Ancestors, 

W. R. Keller. 
Oration— The Teacher's Relation to 
the Temperance Work, 
J. Daugherty. 

Vocal Solo— "Last Night," Kjerulf. 

Miss Mame Imboden. 

Oration — Ramona, 

J. L. Keedy. 

Oration— "Barkis is Willin," 

J. T. Spangler. 

Piano Solo—" Sakontola," Bendel. 

Miss Annie Forney. 

Oration— Consistency 

J. E. Kleffman. 
Oration— Our Country's Hour of Peril, 

C. F. Flook. 
Vocal Solo— "Daylight is Waning." Mililatti. 
Miss Mary Erisman. 

THIRD DIVISION. 

Piano Duet— Pizzicatto Polka Delibes. 

Misses J. L. and E. E. Keedy. 

INVOCATION, 

Oration- -The Crusades, 

A. F. Ward. 

Oration— Ideal Excellence, 

E. T. Schlosser. 

Vocal Duet— Fly Away Birdling, Abt. 

Misses Wolfe and Forney. 

Oration — Parasitism, 

R. S. Harp. 

Piano Duet— Visions of Rest, Baker. 

Misses Reed and Lane. 

Oration- -A Man, 

E. E. Keedy. 
Oration— The Value of the Ameri- 
can Ballot, 

E. S. Bowman. 
Ladies' Chorus — Good Night, Abt. 



Philokosmian Literary Society. 



"Esse quam Videri." 



Mr. E. S. Bowman ministered to 
the Trinity IT. B. Congregation, on 
Sunday morning, 25th ult. 

Mr. B. F. Daugherty spent Sun- 
day, 18th ult., with the people of 
Mechanicsburg. 

Mr. R. S. Harp recently visited 
Harrisburg, Steelton and Highspire, 
on business of an interesting char- 
acter. 

At the book reception on Thanks- 
giving, Mr. A. H. Gerberich, of Class 
'88, answered to a toast : " The rela- 
tion of ex-members to the Philokos- 
mian Library." He gave expression 
to reasonable thoughts for ex-mem- 
bers. 

Among our late visitors were 
Messrs. W. M. Hain, A. H. Gerbe- 
rich, C. H. Backenstoe, A. H. Espen- 
shade. They have not forgot the 
society, and feel a deep interest in 
its success. Come again. 

Mr. S. C. Enck is acting janitor of 
the Reading Room. He is the most 
efficient janitor the room has had in 
a long while. Care in the small 
things of life bespeaks success in 
the greater. 

The lecture by John DeWitt Mil- 
ler, on the eve of the 21st ult., proved 
a treat indeed. Mr. Miller lectured 
last year and made many friends. 
His second visit has made him many 
more. He would be gladly heard 
again. 

Mr. D. W. Crider, of York, Pa., 
the first President of the society, 
came nobly to our aid in making the 
book reception a success. He pre- 



sented the library with a full set of 
George Elliott's works. The society 
is g ratified to name such men among 
her friends. 

One of the former active "Philos," 
Mr. Steinmetz, of Clay, Pa., recently 
visited the college and spent an eve- 
ning with the society. His words of 
encouragement were greatly appre- 
ciated, and his genuine Philo spirit 
was substantially manifested in his 
liberal gift of hard cash for the li- 
brary. Who speaks next ? 

The book reception held on 
Thanksgiving was a decided success. 
About 125 volumes were added to 
the library. The friends of the So- 
ciety did nobby. The authorities 
should consider the propriety of pro- 
viding a better room for our library. 
The room we now occup} 7 was ad- 
mirably suited to supply the want if 
the Faculty needed a lock-up for re- 
fractory students. 

The Society improves the oppor- 
tunity of returning heart} 7 thanks to 
all friends who helped to make the 
book reception a success, to the com- 
mittee, Messrs. R. S. Harp, Joseph 
Daugherty and J. L. Keedy, who so 
zealously prosecuted the work, and 
to the Faculty who so generousby 
showed their sympathy with the 
movement. 



A Forecast. 

The Winter term begins on Mon- 
day, January 1th, at 3 o'clock, p. m. 
Classes will be organized in the dif- 
ferent departments, as follows : 

Mental and Moral Science: Moral 
Philosophy, Elements of Criticism, 
History of Civilization. 

Natural Science: Zoology, Natural 
Philosophy, Geology, Plrvsical Geog- 
raphy. 

Mathematics: Calculus, Spherical 
Trigonometry, Algebra, Higher 
Arithmetic, Complete Arithmetic. 

Latin: Tacitus-Germania, Terence- 
Andria et Adelphoe, Cicero de Senec- 
tute, Virgil's JSneid, Grammar and 
Lessons, Caesar. 

Greek: Prometheus, Apolog} T and 
Crito, Homer, Anabasis, Grammar 
and Lessons. 

English Language : English Liter- 
ature, Science of Rhetoric, Elements 
of Rhetoric, English Analysis, Gram- 
mar, Elocution, Orthography, De- 
scriptive Geography. 

Modern Language : Die Jungfrau 
von Orleans (Schiller), Les Adven- 
tures de Telemaque (Fenelon). 



Closer, closer let us knit 
Hearts and hands together, 

Where our fireside comforts sit 
In the wildest weather : — 

Oh ! they wander wide who roam 

For the joys of life from home ! 



94 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



MATHEMATICAL CORNER. 



All communications for this department 
should be addressed to Professor of 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 

In October Forum we published a 
mathematical poem or a poetical 
problem, to which we have had no 
response yet. It seems our friends 
are not inclined to mix poetry and 
numbers. Well, indeed they are not 
usually combined, but the problem 
stripped of its poetic dress is not 
difficult. A solution appears below. 

We publish a few new pi-oblems 
and hope our friends will take hold 
of them ; they are not " catch ques- 
tions," but can easily be solved by a 
little study. 

For a purely arithmetical solution 
to No. 15, we offer a subscription to 
The College Forum for one year. 
Who will respond first ? 

SOLUTION TO THE POETRY PROBLEM. 

The kettle is to hold 13 ale gallons. 

One ale gall. = 282 cu. in. 

13 " " = 3666 cu. in. 

It will be a frustum of a cone inverted. 

Let 5 x =diameter of top or upper base. 

" 3x = " bottom or lower base. 
19.635 x 2 — Area of upper base. 
7.0686 x 2 =Area of lower base. 
11.781 x 2 =Mean prop. bet. bases. 
^09.635 * 2 +7.0686 x 2 +11.781 x 2 ) = 
3666 cu. in. 
38.4846 x 2 =916.5. 

x 2 =23.8147+ 
35^=4.88. 
5 a; =24. 4 in. upper diam. 
3 * =14.64 in. lower diam. 

PROBLEMS. 

No. 13. 

A boy being asked to divide ^ of a cer- 
tain number by 4, and the other half by 
6, and then add the quotients, shortened 
the operation by dividing the whole num- 
ber by 5 ; but his answer was too small 
by 2, what was the number ? 
No. 14. 

A horse is hitched by a rope 160 feet 
long to a corner of a square barn cover- 
ing 1600 square feet ; over how much terri- 
tory can he graze ? 
No. 15. 

The volume of a cube is increased 721 
cubic inches by adding 1 inch to each of 
its dimensions ; how large is the cube ? 



SCIENCE. 



Temperature for November. 

The average temperature for 83 
observations, made at 7 a. m., 1 p. m. 
and 7 p. m.,was 41.56°. The lowest 
point reached was 15° on the morn- 
ings of the 22d and 23d. The high- 
est point reached was 67° on the 2d, 
6th and 10th. The lowest average 
temperature for one day was 23° on 
the 23d, and the highest average 
temperature for one day was 63°. 
The month as a whole was cool. 

THE SKY. 

The face of the sky in 83 observa- 
tions gave 28 fair, 14 cloudy, 26 over- 
cast, 8 rainy, 4 clearing, 3 foggy. 
On the 10th a storm, with thunder 



and rain, passed over; and on the 
26th and 27th the first snow of the 
season fell here. On the whole the 
weather of the month has been more 
than usually dreary. The bright 
weather that was looked for, after the 
unusually dreary September and 
November, failed to put in an ap- 
pearance, and thus the Autumn was 
the most dreary for many years. 

Astronomy for December. 

On the 21st of this month the sun 
reaches its furthest distance south, 
and on the 31st the earth is in per- 
ihelion. 

Mercury rises about one hour be- 
fore the sun in the beginning of the 
month and may then possibly be 
seen. 

Venus is moving eastward and sets 
three hours after sunset at the end 
of the month. 

Mars sets a little after 8 o'clock. 
It is in the constellation Capricornus. 

Jupiter is in conjunction on the 
8th, and by the end of the month 
rises about one hour before the sun. 

Saturn is in Leo about 8° west of 
Regulus. 

Uranus and Neptune have not per- 
ceptibly changed their respective 
positions since last month. 

CONSTELLATIONS. 

The positions of the constellations 
are given for 10, 9 and 8 p. m. at the 
beginning, middle and end of the 
month respectively. Perseus, Aries 
and Cetus are on the meridian. East 
of the meridian are Auriga, Taurus, 
Gemini, Cancer, Orion, Sirius and 
Leo. On the horizon west of the 
meridian are Pisces, Aquarius, Cap- 
ricornus and Sagittarius. Ursa 
Major is on the north-eastern hori- 
zon, while in the north-west are 
Draco, Ursa Minor, Cygnus, Lyra, 
Cassiopeia and Hercules. West and 
south-west are Andromeda, Peg assus, 
Antinus and Dolphin. South of 
Orion is Lepus and Columbo. 

An agent of Palo Alto University, 
in Southern California, has visited 
the sons of the late Alvan Clark, with 
the object of securing their services 
to make an object glass for the tele- 
scope of that institution. It. is to be 
forty inches in diameter, thus exceed- 
ing the Lick object glass on Mount 
Hamilton by four inches. The work 
is one of exceeding delicacy, and if 
successfully accomplished will no 
doubt add greatly to astronomical 
knowledge. 



Chemistry. 

The class in chemistry has examin- 
ed various tests for lead salts and 
arsenic during the past month, as 
well as studied the chemistry of most 
of our economic metals. During the 
remainder of the term review work, 
experiments, and possibly a visit to 



the smelting works in the vicinity 
will form the bulk of the work. 

A nicely etched class plate was 
placed in the museum by the chem- 
istry class of '89 during the past 
month. 

Notes on Experimental Dynamics, 
by Prof. I. Thornton Osmond of 
Pennsylvania State College, was 
received during the past month. The 
object of the work is to arrive at the 
fundamental principles of Dynamics 
by experiments, as well as to give 
practice in experimenting, observing 
and measuring. It is admirably ar- 
ranged and very suggestive of work 
that may be accomplished and tabu- 
lated, and will be an incentive to 
experimental work in our Colleges 
that cannot fail to be useful to stu- 
dents and helpful in the prosecution 
of work in this line. 

The Franklin Institute of Phila- 
delphia offers certain medals and 
prizes for meritorious discoveries or 
inventions in the arts and sciences, 
which are open to every one. For 
full particulars apply to the Secre- 
tary at the above address. 

EXPERIMENTS. 

The intense coloring-matter of 
aniline dyes can be made the oc- 
casion of an amusing experiment by 
which a white rose or other white 
substance is apparently changed to 
a different color by sprinkling it with 
cologne. Some aniline red or other 
color is finely pulverized, and a very 
little previously dusted over the 
white substance. It will be quite in- 
visible ; but if alcohol or cologne is 
blown over it from an atomizer, the 
dye is dissolved and the color imme- 
diately appears. 

The principal experimental work 
of the past month was in connec- 
tion with the acids. 

That in connection with the mak- 
ing of H2 SO4 (sulphuric acid) was 
exceptionally successful. The sul- 
phur trioxicle crystals, formed in 
said experiment, were beautiful, in- 
deed. 

The generation of Hydrogen Sul- 
phide with the new Kipp's appara- 
tus was also very successful and 
quite an improvement on the old 
method. 

Nitric Iodide was made in class, 
but the room being dry and warm it 
exploded before the next session. 

The mathematical part of the sci- 
ence received considerable attention) 
especially in reference to weight and 
volume of substances and gases. Sp e ' 
cific gravities of gases, in chemistry 1 
and of liquids and solids in mechanj 
ics have been thoroughly studio 
during the past month. 

A number of interesting spec}' 
mens have been added to the cab 1 ' 
net during the past month, * n< : 
Botany class supplying about 40 h" 
specimens, and the class in Anatom} 




THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



95 



8 number of nicely mounted micro- 
scopic slides. 

INVISIBLE WRITING. 

If characters are written with the 
aqueous solution of lead acetate, 
they will be quite invisible, but if 
they are afterwards dampened and 
exposed to a current of hyclric sul- 
phide, or if they are immersed in hy- 
dric sulphide water, they will turn 
brown or black. 



Coilege Day Offerings. 

Total amount received up to Sep- 
tember 30th, 1888, as reported 
in the October number of the 
College Forum, $ 891.28 

Following are the amounts re- 
ceived from September 30, 1888, 
to December 7th, 1888 : 

Lancaster Circuit, A. M. Hackman, 5.40 

New Holland, Tbos. Garland, .... 4.50 



Total to December 7th, 1888, . .$901.18 

Financial statement of the IT. B. 
Re-union at Mt. Alto, Septem- 
ber 7th, 1888. 

Total amount of rebate, $140.09 

EXPENSES. 

For Printing, $37.00 

Traveling, postage, &c., 13.00 

50.00 



Net amount received for L. V. C, $90.69 
M. O. Lane, 
Financial Agent. 



Pluck the Flowers. 

" Thank heaven for flowers ! They 
have a voice that moves my heart as 
if an angel's finger touched its 
depths. God might have made the 
world without a flower to shed its 
fragrance on the evening air ; but in 
very goodness hath he decked the 
earth in flowery robes that man 
might look and love the Being who 
hath poured so free along the thorny 
Path of life the gentle music of 
Flowers." 

How beautiful this sentiment ex- 
presses the feeling of our hearts, and 
s hows that flowers are given us to 
en joy, to sweeten life and to teach 
Us goodness, gentleness and kind- 
ne ss to all. Who does not enjoy 
jj 0l »g among the flowers, to gather 
n j'St from one bush, then from an- 
ot her, flowers which are sweetest and 
pieh make the air sweet with their 
^agrance? The little child who is 
Wowed to run out among the flow- 
's claps her hands with delight as 
, er y new and brilliant flower strikes 
to er view. Not only are they given 
W i k tlle eartu m flowery robes, 
it f to b eaut ify the home, giving 
al reSuness and purity. In passing 

jucio^ ttle street one can ver y often 

hv tf ° f tlle character of the inmates 
J the appearance of the windows. 

nj e * flowers tell us that cheerful- 
swells within. 

flow you ever think that in a 
Fj r j! r ^ e may read our history ? 
1 the bud, which may be {com- 



pared to childhood, afterward the 
full developed flower, representing 
middle age. After the flower has 
been shedding its fragrance for 
sometime, the breezes cany awa}- 
the petals, and that which was once 
so beautiful and sweet, has withered 
and died. So in old age, God calls 
home his elect. 

In the study of flowers, nothing 
is more plainly revealed than God's 
love and teaching. As he sends 
light, dew and heat to make the flow- 
ers grow and bloom, He shows His 
love toward us. Flowers are plucked. 
Why? To enjoy their sweetness, to 
beautify ourselves and our homes. 
Be they ever so beautiful and fra- 
grant, if not plucked, that beauty 
and sweetness will, in a great meas- 
ure, be lost on the desert air. In 
order to have flowers and enjoy them 
they must be plucked while budding 
and in bloom. As with flowers, so 
with our opportunities. We must 
make the most of them while at hand. 
An opportunity gone is gone for- 
ever. The mill never grinds with 
the water that is past. The bright 
flowers are ready, and waiting to be 
plucked. So our brilliant hopes are 
awaiting the improvement of the 
grand present — awaiting only to 
have us realize what good we can 
accomplish if the effort be only made 
before it is too late. Too late ! is an 
awful doom. 

While we are preparing to live, 
let us prepare to live aright, so that 
when we are called to give an ac- 
count, we can do so with a clear 
conscience, and be happy in the 
thought, that we have made the most 
of life and the world has been bet- 
tered for our having lived 4 

Life, like the flowers, is full of 
sweetness for every one. It needs 
only to be gathered. Some find it 
everywhere ; even in the bitter they 
find the purest nectar. To some life 
seems to be destitute of all joy. 
Why ? Are their opportunities of 
making their life brighter and hap- 
pier, less ? They failed to improve 
what they had, and it was taken 
aw r ay. What might have been laden 
with joy comes empty, and its sweet- 
ness has filled another's cup. 

"Of all sad words of tongue or pen, 
The saddest are, it might have been." 

An opportunity seized and im- 
proved prepares us for the future 
with its possibilities. It makes the 
present sweet and will mellow and 
beautify old age. 

As the humming-bird gathers nec- 
tar only from the sweetest flowers, 
so should we all gather from the gold- 
en opportunities of the present, that 
which will sw r eeten and ennoble life. 

M. 



Subscribe for The College Forum 
for 1889. 



Plagiarism. 

Plagiarism is literary theft. It is. 
universally considered a mark of a 
vain, weak, mean mind. An humble 
man would not, an able man need not, 
and a high-minded man could not, 
be guilt}' of the offense. That the 
evil has considerable prevalence 
there can be no "question. Many a 
preacher shines in borrowed plumes. 
Nor is plagiarism limited to the pul- 
pit. Not a few ai'ticles in magazines, 
and some books, are substantial re- 
productions of old and forgotten 
writings. It is really a mystery that 
intelligent persons, as the}' some- 
times do, should pride themselves 
for literary works to which they 
merely give publicity, under a false 
and dishonorable claim. 

The grosser forms of plagiarism, 
whether in the pulpit or through the 
press, are readily detected and uni- 
versally scorned. It is not easy, 
however, to decide where the legiti- 
mate use of the thoughts and lan- 
guage of others ends, and plagiarism 
begins. This is the point that we 
wish to discuss. 

Thoughts are common property. 
The design of language, whether oral 
or written, is to diffuse and make 
common human ideas. It answers 
and can answer no other purpose. 
It is impossible for any one to dis- 
tinguish between the thoughts which 
have originated in his own mind and 
those which have been communica- 
ted to it by words, spoken or written. 
If the most original and fertile mind 
were deprived of all the knowledge 
which it has derived from others, it 
would be reduced to a state of de- 
plorable imbecility. It cannot, then, 
be wrong to appropriate and digest 
the thoughts conveyed to our minds 
by the language of our instructors. 
Indeed, what is education but the 
process of receiving the views of 
others, communicated by language, 
incorporating them with our own 
conceptions, and employing them for 
our own purposes ? 

We may go a step further : The 
substantial repetition of the thoughts 
of an author, with his arrangement, 
is not necessarily plagiarism. The 
matter may have been fully studied, 
the views of the author considerate- 
ly adopted, and his plan heartily ac- 
cepted by the imitator. Against few 
English authors could the charge of 
plagiarism be more unreasonably 
brought than Robert Hall. He did 
not need to borrow the thoughts of 
other men. He had genius, learning, 
industry, and rich stores of knowl- 
edge ; and yet no careful reader can 
compare his circular letter on the 
Spirit with the writings of John 
Howe on the same subject without 
being convinced that the former was 
much indebted to the latter for his 



96 



THE COLLEGE FOKUM. 



thoughts, and for the arrangement 
of them as well. The truth is, Hall 
greatly admired Howe, and design- 
edly or unconsciously adopted his 
views and method, while he far ex- 
celled him in style and brilliancy of 
conception. Hall was, to some ex- 
tent, an imitator — the imitator of a 
noble example — but he was in no 
sense a plagiarist. 

Quotations are not plagiarisms ; 
provided the}^ are fairly and 
openly made. It is not necessa- 
ry, especially in speaking, to give 
credit for citations, when by doing 
so the train of thought would be 
broken, or its effect diminished ; but 
there should be no desire of conceal- 
ment, and no affectation of author- 
ship. 

Plagiarism is a conscious, delibe- 
rate effort to pass off for one's own 
the intellectual product of another. 
It is a desire to gain distinction and 
praise bj r fraud. It is a great weak- 
ness as well as a great folly. We 
have never known any one to gain 
lasting reputation or real good by it. 
The plagiarist soon runs his course. 
His literary thefts cannot be so per- 
petrated that he will escape detec- 
tion and exposure. Others read as 
well as himself. He can find no 
book so rare that his neighbors may 
not have access to it. His own 
speech will betray him. His bor- 
rowed feathers will not correspond 
with his own plumage. The differ- 
ence between the stolen and the 
original composition will arrest the 
attention of intellectual hearers or 
readers. 

In short, it is the privilege of every 
one to learn all that he can from what- 
ever he hears, reads, or sees ; and to 
make the thoughts of others his 
own, incorporate them with his own 
conceptions, clothe them in his own 
language, and use them according to 
his own pleasure. He should be al- 
ways ready, however, to gh r e full 
credit for his indebtedness to the 
intellectual labors of others. He 
will suffer nothing by this fairness. 



Too Many Colleges. 

Are there too many colleges ? 
Yea ! Yea ! shout a score of voices. 
Nay ! Nay ! comes the answer from 
another score. 

Some declare that, by the host of 
small colleges which dot the land, 
energy ahd means are wasted, in- 
struction is meagre, students are 
robbed of access to inexhau stable 
libraries, and appliances for scien- 
tific experiments ; of the association 
of the most refined and brilliant 
thinkers ; of sitting under the tones 
of earth's' most renowned lecturers, 
inventors, discoverers and authors, 
and so forward. Why not concen- 
trate energy, money, and instruction 
into a few Harvards and Yales ? 



But among other things two facts 
must not be overlooked ; that large 
colleges are accessible to the few, 
and that the instruction in large col- 
leges is less effectual. 

Every college we would obliterate, 
every teacher we would discharge 
robs some one, rather some scores 
of collegiate training. Many emi- 
nent men must attribute their emi- 
nence to a college, often small, in 
their own native town or county. 
Would there were one in the vicinity 
of every boy's nativity. 

The barrier to the many in the 
case of a few Harvards would be, as 
is now, the cost. If every student 
were required to have b}^ sufficient 
to expend from four hundred to fif- 
teen hundred dollars each of his four 
or six years, how many of the A. B.'s 
or A. M.'s who read this would have 
such a title ? But such are the expen- 
ses in schools no larger than State 
Universities. Not that tuition and 
necessary expenses are exorbitant ; 
but a very ordinary pride can sustain 
itself only in good style and quality 
of dress, and by lending support to 
clan, club, and class extravagances. 

Heaven forbid that in our land 
collegiate privileges should ever be 
denied the poor and the many. 

That instruction in large colleges 
is less effectual is a general truth. 
The men who write the books are 
not the most thorough and pains- 
taking in their instruction. The} r 
are engrossed in their books, and 
from these labors their skill lies in 
dealing with the thoughts of great 
minds. Such men are of mighty 
value as authority; but books of 
reference do not inspire and nurture 
the growing mind. 

In classes so large that a student 
is called to recite but once in two or 
three weeks, should we think it pos- 
sible that any individual could re- 
ceive special attention ; and indeed 
the teacher often knows not the 
name of the student, much less the 
analysis of his mind — what springs 
need to be touched to call forth and 
build up its best energies. True, 
these classes are sometimes divided 
among tutors, who are commonly 
only students of a higher grade and 
not most expert trainers. 

Does America know in what the 
students of her large colleges are 
engaged '{ Is it earnest study ? No. 
Is it in literary exercises '! No. It 
is in supporting secret orders, clans, 
classes and clubs. Princeton's "cane 
rushes" and Sophomore feasts,Yale's 
and Harvard's boating, football, and 
baseball clubs — their contests and 
prizes — are more widely known than 
any literary contest or class room 
lectures of these schools. Secret 
orders, designated by certain Greek 
letters, absorb the energy and sap 
the life of literary societies. To 



draw aside the curtain and reveal the 
college life of our great universities 
would be as shocking to the public 
as the exposure of the outs and ins 
of some of our legislative bodies. 

To be sure the test comes at ex. 
animation, but a supply of artificial 
knowledge will easily carry a good 
athlete through. "A Harvard man" 
and "a scholar" are not synonymous 
terms. Eminent positions are not 
monopolized by University men. 

Men of self sacrificing spirit, and 
strong mental force to begin with, 
grow to be giants in the university ; 
but few are such men. Let the uni- 
versities serve as post graduate 
schools, and the smaller colleges, 
though they struggle to exist, be 
scattered broadcast, requiring earn- 
est study, and within the reach of 
all. As a representative of this lat- 
ter class Lebanon Yalley College 
may be proudly held up. Yiew- 
ing her labors of the present or re- 
sults of the past, it must be com- 
mended. Thoroughness on the part 
of teacher and student is the motto. 



You First. 

Captain Tunis Augustus M.Craven 
commanded the Monitor Tecumseh, 
which was sunk by a torpedo during 
the attack on the forts in Mobile Bay. 
Captain Craven and pilot stood by 
a narrow ladder which led up to a 
little scuttle on the top of the turret, 
the only means of egress from that 
part of the vessel. Both could not 
go at once ; one must die ; Craven 
jumped aside, pointed to the ladder 
and said "You First." 

When Farragut and his fighting fleet, 

At easy anchor lay, 
Where the Gulf of Mexico's waters meet 

The surge of Mobile Bay, 
Two captains on the quarter deck 

Of the staunch old Hartford stood, 
And spoke of bravery in the wreck, 

And death by fire and flood. 
They talked of the bravest deeds e'er done 

On lake, or stream, or sea ; 
And little thought that a bolder one 

Their morrow's work would be. 
How one was lashed to the splintered mast, 

The pen has often told ; , 
How fort and fleet were heat, and passed 

Is a theme both proud and bold. 

But the proudest deed of the mighty day 
Was hidden beneath the wave, 

Where the iron-clad Tecumseh lay, 
When she found her watery grave ; , 

Huge guns had boomed till trightene 
Mars, 

Un-godlike, hid his face, 
While shrieking shells tore all the stars • 
Fell thunder shook the place ! 

Great God ! the very seas arose ! 

The waters yawned a hell, 
Above those iron decks they close, 

Farewell ! brave men, farewell ! 

With an only ladder to reach the deck) 
Where a single one might go — 

With a single second to leave the wre< 
Stood Craven and Pilot Joe. 

The helmsman spurned the slippery sw 
And met the rushing brine, 



97 



While Captain Craven perished there, 
The bravest in all our line. 

" You first !" he said to his pilot bold, 

Hath romance such a tale ? 
Such legend holdeth the songs of old, 

When knight wore plate and mail ? 

"You first!" should moan the southern 
tides ; 

New Hampshire's granite hills 
Should carve "You first" upon their 
sides, 

And voice it with their rills. 

"You first !" upon his crown shall shine, 

When the holy angels see, 
"You first!" shall speak a voice divine, 

To the hero of the sea. 

Joel A. Snell, 
Alumnus of San Joaquin Valley College. 

Clements, Cal., April 26, 1886. 



READER'S CORNER. 



"Religious Problem of Our Coun- 
try," by Rev. Milton H. Stine, A. M., 
of Lebanon, Pa. 170 pages. Cloth. Pub- 
lished at Lutheran Publication House, 
York, Pa. 1888. 

In the introduction the author says that 
he has written the book for "that class of 
persons who live largely in the past, who 
say the world is growing worse every 
day. I believe the world is slowly but 
surely getting better. I have endeavored 
to present both the encouraging and dis- 
couraging signs of the times." The 
author has summoned a host of facts and 
figures concerning the development of the 
natural resources and the religion of our 
country to support his belief, and has like- 
wise dwelt upon the evils that threaten. 
It is valuable for its figures and facts. 

Scribner's Magazine completes its 
second year and fourth volume with the 
Christmas number, containing nineteen 
interesting articles in prose and verse — 
twelve of them fully illustrated by well- 
known artists and engravers. Among 
the artists represented are Elihu Vedder, 
J. Alden Weir, W. Hamilton Gibson, John 
Farge, Robert Blum, George Hitch- 
cock, C. Jay Taylor and M. J. Burns. 
*ne number is rich in beautiful decora- 
tions and pictures. The literature deals 
*"n unusually attractive phases of life 
ancl art especially fitted for the Christmas 
season. The fiction includes stories of ad- 
jure and sentiment ; the general arti- 
Arr 1 of st£ u n ed-glass windows, the 
^mrondacks in winter > and Botticelli; 
"ere are several elaborately illustrated 
and Lester Wallack's reminiscen- 
£n a u included. Robert Louis Steven- 
B& v C ; Bun »er, Will H. Low, Rebecca 
warding Davis and Hamilton Wright Ma- 
ie are among the contributors. 

Tm!v E + « CENTURY Mag azine.— The Cen- 
in*! A 1 ' P ecenib er, if not strictly speak- 
masv nri ? tmas number, is still a Christ- 
front- number > opening as it does with a 



coS 1 ''. b y Mary Hallock Foote, and 
gravi, g also a number of full-page en- 
and «S? ^ f sacred P ictllres , b y the old 
%w rm * nown Italian master, Duccio, 

Th e Ce N ° t UR ne m ° St valuable featui ' es of 

HisWl 1 ^ 1 ^ feature of fcnis number is fur- 
fiee c i,' , y two articles on Henrv Ward 
land in i H^ nemorable a PP eai an ce in Eng- 
*e a! . * 3 ' ln advocacy of the cause of 

be r f ™ e two contributions to this nura- 
• Cent uky having perhaps the 
tlj e Lif lln ,Po rta nce are the installment of 
of Em! ot . Lln coln, entitled " First Plans 
mancipation," and the paper by Mr. 



Kennan in which he graphically describes 
" Life on the Great Siberian Road." 

Edward L. Wilson gives his personal 
observations on the route "From Sinai to 
Shechem." 

In the body of the Magazine and in 
" Bric-a-Brac " there are poems by Rich- 
ard Henry Stoddard, Henry Ames Blood, 
James T. McKay, James Whitcomb Riley 
(as already mentioned), C. H. Crandall, 
the late E. R. Sill, Miss Louisa Imogen 
Guiney and others. 




Office of the Board of Education, ) 
St. Paul, Minn., Nov. 2«, 1888. \ 
Miller Lock Co., Phila., P a.— Gentlemen; 
I certify, with pleasure, that your "Champion 
Keyless Locks," which have been thoroughly 
used and tried during the past year in the 
Chemical Laboratory Rooms of our High 
School, have given perfect satisfaction. Easi- 
ly fitted, responsive to the combination as 
adjusted, *<//e, and, best of all, utterly inde- 
pendent of keys or other contrivances liable 
to loss, theft, breakage, &c, these locks cannot 
fail to improve with better acquaintance." 
Very truly, OTTO D RE HER, 
Sec'y Board Education. 
The Champion Keyless Locks are made 
for Drawer, Desk, Chest, Box, etc. For sam- 
ple Catalogue, etc., please address the manu- 
facturers, MILhEH LOCK CO., Philadelphia, 



— GrO TO — 

FRANTZ & BRO S 

FOR YOUR 

HATS, CAPS 

— AND— 

Gents' Furnishing Goods. 

The Largest Assortment in the City of 
Lebanon. 

frautz «sc :b:r,o., 
JIo. 775 Cumberland Street, 



LEBANON, PA. 



J. H. SELTZER. 



B. F. SELTZER. 



J. H, SELTZER & BRO., 

DEALERS IN 

Foreign and Domestic 

DRY GOODS, 

NOTIONS, 

Carpets, Oil Cloths, Groceries, fc 
Merchant Tailoring 
And Gents' Furnishing Goods 

A Specialty. 

No. 47 NORTH NINTH ST., 
ly Lebanon, Pa. 



A GKEAT MAGAZINE/ 



The Century for 1889. 




HE question has often been 
asked, "to what does The 
Century owe its great circu- 
lation?" The Christian Union 
once answered this by the 
statement that "it has been 
fairly won, not by adver' 
tising schemes, but by the excellence which 
characterizes it in every department." In 
their announcements for the coming year 
the publishers state that it has always been 
their desire to make The Century the one in- 
dispensable periodical of its class, so that 
whatever other publication might be desira- 
ble in the family, The Century could not be 
neglected by those who wish to keep abreast 
of the times in all matters pertaining to 
culture. And the unprecedented circula- 
tion of the magazine would seem to be the 
response of the public to this intention. 

With the November number Tlie Century 
begins its thirty-seventh 
volume. Two great feat- 
ures of the magazine 
which are to continue 
throughout the new vol- 
ume are already well 
known to the public, the 
Lincoln history and the 
papers on " Siberia and 
the Exile System." The 
first of these, written by 
Messrs. Nicolay and Hay, 
President Lincoln's pri- 
vate secretaries, contains 
the inside history of the 
dark days of the war, as 
seen Irom the White 
House. 

THE SIBERIAN PAPERS, 

by George Kennan, are attracting the at- 
tention of the civilized world. The Chi- 
cago Tribune says that "no other magazine 
articles printed in the English language just 
now touch upon a subject which so vitally 
interests all thoughtful people in Europe and 
America and Asia." As is already known, 
copies of The Century entering Russia have 
these articles torn out by the customs officials 
on the frontier. 

during 1889 
The Century will publish the most im- 
portant art feature that has yet found 
place in its pages. It is the 
result of four years' work 
of Mr. Timothy Cole, the 
leading magazine engraver 
of the world, in the galleries 
of Europe, engraving from 
the originals the greatest 
pictures by the old masters. 
A series of papers on Ire- 
land, its customs, land- 
scapes, etc., will appear, and there are to 
bo illustrated articles on Bible scenes, 
treating especially the subjects of the Inter- 
national Sunday-School Lessons. George 
W. Cable will write " Strange, True Stories 
of Louisiana." There will be novelettes 
and short stories by leading writers, occa- 
sional articles on war subjects (supplement- 
al to the famous "War Papers" by General 
Grant and others, which have been appear- 
ing in The Century), etc., etc. 

The Century costs four dollars a year, and 
tt is published by The Century Co., of New 
York, who will send a copy of the full pros- 
pectus to any one on request. 





98 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



C OUTPUTS: 



PAGES. 

A Forecast, 93 

An Endowment Symposium, 42 

A Good Suggestion, 44 

A New Origin Attributed to Methodism, 39 

Bright Eyes at the Academy, 32 

Causes of Death, , ' 35 

Criticism on Bacon, 24 

Endowment, 82 

Expenses. 61 

Educational Council, 22 

Financial Report, 56 

Forward March, 13, 30 

General Culture at College, 54 

Gems for All, 6 

Hebrew in the College, 5 

Katakekommena, .3, 12, 18, 29, 3*7, 47, 55, 70, 76, 84, 91 

Lecture Course, 83 

Literary Gossip, 40 

Lebanon Yalley College, 90 

Mathematical Corner, . . .11, 18, 29, 37, 63, 69, 77, 94 

Mont Alto Re-union, 66 

Make Haste Slowly, 68 

Musical Culture, 2 

Normal Department, 24 

Our Recent Good Fortune, 26 

Piano Technics, ■. 32 

Personals, 3, 11, 18, 29, 37, 46, 67, 75, 84, 91 

Plagairism, 95 

Pluck the Flowers, 95 

Protestant or Roman Catholic, 90 

Reader's Corner,. .14, 21, 31, 40, 48, 64, 71, 79, 86, 97 

Reading and Oratory,. . . 56 

Science, 1, 11, 17, 37, 63, 70, 78. 85, 94 

Shenandoah Institute, 74 

Shall we send our Girls to College, 61 

Sketch of the Faculty, 58 

Something for Ruminats, 42 

Study of Art, 2 

To Pastors, 23 

Too Many Colleges, 96 

Treasure Thoughts, 32 

The Absence of Little Wesley, 39 

The Purpose of a College Course, 41 



PAGE8. 

The Fly-leaf to the Reader, <m 

The American College, U 

The Dut}' of the Hour, ?j 

The Medical Student and the College, 68 

The Opening, 66 

Where Music is Needed, 6 

What Shall we Play? 83 

Women who go to College, 68 

Y. W. C. A., ...88 

Young Women's Christian Association Convention, 83 

You First, W 

You and Your Grandfather, 19 



College Day : 

A Few Reasons for Observing College Day,. . ..26 

College Day Echoes, 3o 

College Day Offerings, To 

College Day Reports, 35,45,56 

Record of Lebanon Yalhry College, 20 

Suggestions for College Day, 2T 

Why a College Day? 28 

What Shall We Do? 34 

Editorial : 

Salutamus, ' 

Editorial Index,. 9, 17, 25, 33, 41, 57, 65, 73, 81,89 
Commencement, 49,^ 

Literary Societies : 

Editorial, 4, 13, 20, 30, 38, 47, 69, 76, 84,8? 

Clionian Anniversary, 3 

Kalozetean Anniversary, 

Philokosmian Anniversary, % 

Obituaries : 

A Sketch of William Bittinger, , ' 3? 

(- 

Paul Shue}' Lorenz, 

4 

Florence Helen Lehman, 

YOICES FROM THE PAST :' 

.31 



A Heathen's Idea of Death,, 
A Heathen on Friendship, . 



Gleanings,. 



Immortality, 

Socrates' Argument from Design, etc.,, 
Socrates' Prayer, 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



99 



MAS made arrange- 
I ments to furnish 
STUDENTS of Leba- 
non Valley College, 
including the Normal 
Department, BOOKS 
AT WHOLESALE 



PRICES. 



Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, 

SILVER PLATED WARE. 



Spectacles a Specialty, 

FITTED TO ANY AGE IN GOLD, SILVER, STEEL, ETC. 
A PERFECT FOCUS GUARANTEED. 



• ••• C. SMITH, ■•• • 

GEP^HL B00K gTOI^E 

ANNVILLE, PA., 



WALL PAPER. 

A Full Stock of Latest Styles of 

AMERICAN WALL PAPERS § CEILING DECORATIONS. 



Designs Furnished and Estimates Given. 



Together with a Full 
Assortment of PA- 
PEB, ENVELOPES, 
PENS, INKS, and the 
Largest Assortment 
of Blair's Tablets, 
with anything needed 
by a Student. 



J. E. ANDREWS, Manager. 

DIRECTORS : 
James S. Warden, 
E. S. Chenoweth, 
B. F. Cougenhour, 

J. S. Braddock, 

J. E. Andrews, 
J no. M. Stauffer. 



B. F. COUGENHOUR, Secretary. JOHN M. STAUFFER, Treasurer. 

—OF — 

THE CITIZENS' BANK, 

CAPITAL $50,000. 

First Mortgage Loans Negotiated. 

LA CROSSE, KANSAS. 

Offers to Savings Banks, Insurance Companies, Investors of Trust Funds and Private Investors 

7°/ Guaranteed First Mortgage 
* 1° Western. Farm Loans. 

These Loans are secured by FIRST MORTGAGES on Land worth AT LEAST THREE TIMES amount of Loan. 

Principal and Interest collected by us and remitted to lender free of charges. 

A pamphlet showing our method of Loaning in detail will be sent on application. 

For any information write to 

B. F. COUGENHOUR, Secretary, 

La Crosse, Rush County, Kansas. 




Attention ! 



SHORTHAND taught by Mail. 
Easily and quickly learned by new 
^ an - Best System. Cheap. Money 
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a bread-winning occupation, it is un- 
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A. S. LIGHT & CO., 

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in 




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PAINTS, OILS AND GLASS. 

Manufacturers of Tin and and Sheet Iron 
Ware ; Plumbing, Tinsmithing, Roofing. 

A Full Line of 

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43 North Ninth Street, 

Seltzer's Building, LEBANON, PA. 



BEFORE BUYING ELSEWHERE, GO TO 



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FOR GENTLEMEN. 



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that, to many, is puzzling and ofttimes hard 
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you come. 

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537 PENN SQUARE, READING, PA. 



-THE- 



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It is conducted on the REVERTING FUND 
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4®* General and Soliciting Agents wanted 
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perior to those offered by any other company. 
Address, 

H. V. MOHN, Pres't. 

15 North Fifth Street, 

Reading, Penn'a. 



Rates of Advertising in the Col- 
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1 year. 


9 mo. 


6 mo. 


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Try these before using any other kind. 



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